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  • SPARQ | Social Psychological Answers to Real-world Questions
    her application of that research to criminal justice practice and policy It was just such an amazing honor to get the phone call announcing the award Jennifer said in an interview I was just blown away actually When Tiger Mom Knows Best Wednesday July 16 2014 In her book The Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother Yale Law professor Amy Chua described the high pressure parenting style common in much of East Asia and ignited an international debate Do Tiger Moms really push their kids to excellence or do they crush them with expectations Read More News Home SOLUTIONS CATALOG Search SPARQ s practitioner focused database of tested interventions for social problems You can also add to the catalog yourself To Work Better Rethink Stress Problem People stress out about stress Solution Thinking about the benefits of stress can improve your response to stress Health Appraisal Attribution Use Good Feelings To Improve Hygiene Problem Diarrhea is the second leading cause of children s death worldwide according to the World Health Organization Solution Changing people s feelings about washing their hands with soap improves hygiene which in turn reduces diarrhea Health Belonging Support Conformity Obedience Social Learning Knowing Peers Real Attitudes Helps Students Drink Less Problem The leading causes of death for adolescents in the United States are alcohol use and alcohol related events Solution Showing students that many of their peers are uncomfortable with alcohol reduces drinking Health Conformity Obedience Use Smaller Plates for a Smaller Waist Problem Obesity causes 300 000 deaths per year in the United States according to the National Institutes of Health Solution When people use smaller dinnerware plates bowls cutlery etc they eat less Health Appraisal Attribution View More Solutions RESEARCH CLINICS Meetings with practitioners to share problems and solutions Fighting Ebola With Film Wednesday

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/ (2015-11-30)
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  • News & Events | SPARQ
    a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship also known as a Genius Award for her groundbreaking research on race crime and inequality and her application of that research to criminal justice practice and policy It was just such an amazing honor to get the phone call announcing the award Jennifer said in an interview I was just blown away actually When Tiger Mom Knows Best Wednesday July 16 2014 In her book The Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother Yale Law professor Amy Chua described the high pressure parenting style common in much of East Asia and ignited an international debate Do Tiger Moms really push their kids to excellence or do they crush them with expectations SPARQ Officially Launches Monday February 10 2014 When Nalini Ambady joined the Stanford University Department of Psychology in 2011 she successfully lobbied for seed funding to start a new center She wanted not just a think tank but a do tank that would help policymakers educators and nonprofit leaders apply social psychology s insights and methods to their work In Loving Memory of Nalini Ambady Monday October 28 2013 SPARQ s beloved founder and faculty director Dr Nalini Ambady ended her long and brave battle with cancer the morning of October 28 2013 Her commitment to using social psychology to make the world a better place however lives on in her work the many colleagues she inspired and the many students she mentored Although our hearts are heavy we at SPARQ feel very grateful for the time we did get to share with Nalini Her brilliance compassion and spirit remain an example to us all Stanford Policy Lab Partners with SPARQ Friday December 20 2013 The Stanford Law and Policy Lab is joining forces with SPARQ on our Be the Donor project whose purpose is to

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/news (2015-11-30)
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  • RECENT SOLUTIONS | SPARQ
    s feelings about washing their hands with soap improves hygiene which in turn reduces diarrhea Health Belonging Support Conformity Obedience Social Learning Knowing Peers Real Attitudes Helps Students Drink Less Problem The leading causes of death for adolescents in the United States are alcohol use and alcohol related events Solution Showing students that many of their peers are uncomfortable with alcohol reduces drinking Health Conformity Obedience Use Smaller Plates for a Smaller Waist Problem Obesity causes 300 000 deaths per year in the United States according to the National Institutes of Health Solution When people use smaller dinnerware plates bowls cutlery etc they eat less Health Appraisal Attribution Emoticons Reduce Energy Use Problem Using too much energy hurts the environment Solution Including smiley and frowny face emoticons in people s energy bills can lead entire neighborhoods to use less energy Environment Conformity Obedience Affirm the Self To Promote Health Problem People s desire to see themselves in the best light prevents them from accurately perceiving risks to their health Solution Reassuring people that they are good helps them accept negative information about their health Health Self Affirmation Threat Relevance Extending a Procedure Can Make it Less Painful Problem Colonoscopies can prevent colon cancer yet the painfulness of the procedure deters patients from screening Solution Prolonging the painless final moments of a colonoscopy leads patients to recall the entire procedure as less painful which in turn increases their willingness to undergo more screenings in the future Health Appraisal Attribution Opt Out Policies Increase Organ Donation Problem According to the American Transplant Foundation 18 people die every day in the United States for want of an organ transplant and some 122 344 people are waiting for a donated organ Solution Changing U S policies so that people s organs are automatically donated

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/solutions (2015-11-30)
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  • Research Clinics | SPARQ
    its strategy Preventing Type 2 Diabetes Monday April 28 2014 Type II diabetes strikes some 26 million Americans and can result in blindness amputation and early death Yet it is almost entirely preventable Dr Susan Brown of the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research studies how to keep women of color from developing Type II diabetes Our SPARQ Research Clinic with Dr Brown explored how to tailor a diabetes prevention program for women who are particularly vulnerable to Type II diabetes Inspiring Girl Scientists Monday February 24 2014 Children begin rejecting career options as early as age 8 To keep girls minds open to careers in Science Technology Engineering and Math STEM SheHeroes creates videos that profile women superstars of STEM The nonprofit also develops curricula that parents and teachers can use to talk to girls and boys about STEM careers SPARQ worked with SheHeroes to apply the social science of persuasion and identity formation to the organization s videos and programming Listening to Underserved People Monday December 9 2013 SPARQ s third Research Clinic featured GreatNonprofits a Redwood City based organization that hosts a website where volunteers donors and clients can review charities GreatNonprofits CEO Perla Ni presented SPARQ with two intriguing questions How can her website better amplify the voices of poor mentally ill or otherwise disenfranchised clients of nonprofits and How can she measure the impact of her website on each of her stakeholder groups The SPARQ team suggested Breaking the School to Prison Pipeline Monday November 18 2013 Too many schools put children of color in the school to prison pipeline funneling them out of the education system and into the criminal justice system Children of color are three times more likely to get sent to the principal s office suspended or expelled than are their White

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/clinics (2015-11-30)
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  • Special Projects | SPARQ
    the communities they serve Applying basic social psychological theory SPARQ is partnering with the Oakland Police Department to research develop and implement better policing techniques Agency for Innovation in India Friday November 7 2014 Many development projects fail because they impose the values and practices of western educated industrialized rich and democratic or WEIRD cultures on non Western semi literate and poor people A textile manufacturer in India however seems to bypass this problem by helping workers cultivate a more culturally appropriate form agency Partnering with the manufacturer SPARQ is Bias Busting Thursday September 25 2014 Women faculty especially women of color are still underrepresented in science technology engineering and mathematics STEM despite more than 40 years of Title IX affirmative action and concerted efforts to equip the women level the playing field and value diversity Research has failed to identify innate gender differences that would explain this lack of gender parity Instead cultural factors seem to drive what Yale astrophysicist Meg Urry calls a slow drumbeat of women being underappreciated feeling uncomfortable and encountering roadblocks along the path to success Using a model of cultural change developed by Stanford social psychologists this Special Project will Connect to Health Monday September 1 2014 The rollout of the Affordable Care Act ACA or Obamacare revealed many and large cultural misunderstandings between the healthcare industry and low income Americans including misunderstandings about how low income people want to purchase and use healthcare To amplify the voices of low income Americans SPARQ is partnering with Great Nonprofits to launch Peaceful in the Middle East Thursday March 27 2014 Intractable intergroup conflicts such as the Israeli Palestinian conflict represent the greatest threats we face as a species These conflicts are inherently psychological but social psychologists have only recently begun applying their methods to analyze

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/projects (2015-11-30)
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  • Advanced Training | SPARQ
    social psychological insights with people working to improve society Consistent with this mission SPARQshop is training a new generation of researchers who use science to bring about social change SPARQshop gives researchers the skills they need to translate science into social action including Meet Our Fellows Sunday September 1 2013 SPARQ trains scholars to bridge theory and practice to solve social problems Learn more about our fellows here Contact Us

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/training (2015-11-30)
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  • People | SPARQ
    the strategies and techniques of expert tutors and applies his findings to the design of educational programs He is particularly interested in the detrimental effects of superfluous social controls including rewards and in strategies for enhancing children s intrinsic interest in learning This interest has led him to study cultural differences in the effects of choice and filial piety on academic performance Robert MacCoun is a social psychologist and public policy analyst who has published numerous studies on a variety of topics including illicit drug use drug policy judgment and decision making citizens assessments of fairness in the courts social influence processes and bias in the use and interpretation of research evidence by scientists journalists and citizens Dale Miller Class of 1968 Ed Zschau Professor in the Graduate School of Business and Professor of Psychology explores the impact of social norms on behavior the role that justice considerations play in individual and organizational decisions and the conditions under which individuals and organizations abandon one course of action to pursue another Benoît Monin Associate Professor of Psychology and Organizational Behavior examines how people address threats to the self in interpersonal situations How they avoid feeling prejudiced how they construe other people s behavior to make their own behavior look good how they affirm a threatened identity and how they resent the goodness of others when it makes them look bad He studies these issues in the context of social norms the self and morality broadly defined Lee Ross Professor of Psychology Ross studies the psychological biases that drive interpersonal and intergroup conflict He has applied his findings in diplomacy and public peace processes in the Middle East the Caucuses and Northern Ireland as well as in discussions about global warming health care social security choices and the academic challenges facing minority students and women in science Robert Sutton is Professor of Management Science and Engineering and a Professor of Organizational Behavior by courtesy at Stanford He focuses on evidence based management the links and gaps between managerial knowledge and organizational action innovation and organizational performance Gregory Walton Assistant Professor of Psychology examines the nature of self and identity often in the context of academic motivation and achievement He is interested in social factors relevant to motivation in stereotypes and group differences in school achievement and in social psychological interventions to raise achievement and narrow group differences especially in education At SPARQ he serves as Director of Education and helped launch the inaugural Solutions Catalog Jamil Zaki Assistant Professor of Psychology studies emotions in social contexts In particular he is interested in why when and how people empathize with each other and the effects that empathy has on social behaviors such as altruism He is further interested in leveraging psychological insights to improve the way people give receive and benefit from empathy Philip G Zimbardo Professor Emeritus of Psychology is best known for the Stanford Prison Experiment which revealed how easily situational forces can push ordinarily good people to do evil deeds

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/people (2015-11-30)
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  • About | SPARQ
    understand their behaviors both reflect and reinforce their environments and where people use this understanding to promote justice peace and wellbeing Goals Help practitioners apply social psychology s theories methods and findings in their work Improve social psychological theories and methods by applying them to real world issues Train a new generation of social psychologists who bridge basic and applied research Work with media to identify and explain the social psychological forces driving this century s most pressing problems Values Compassion Empiricism Inclusion Optimism Practice driven theory and Theory driven practice Programs Bimonthly Research Clinics that bring together Stanford social psychology faculty and practitioner organizations to improve change models intervention designs and evaluation techniques Special Projects that pair SPARQ faculty and staff with nonprofits educational institutions and government agencies to conduct scientifically rigorous research in real world settings A practitioner focused online Solutions Catalog featuring proven effective interventions in education health law justice peace conflict the environment relationships and parenting Advanced Training that teaches undergraduate doctoral and postdoctoral students how to bridge theory and practice to address social and environmental issues Annual two day SPARQworks conferences coming in 2015 that convene leading social psychologists and practitioners to discuss a target

    Original URL path: https://sparq.stanford.edu/about (2015-11-30)
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