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  • Essay Questions for B411 - Old Testament History and Archaeology I
    submit them to the Quartz Hill School of Theology for evaluation and grading Use the Bible and the reading assignments as sources for your answers 1 Describe in as much detail as possible the Ancient Near East from Abraham to Moses 2 Describe in detail the life of Abraham 3 Describe Egypt during the 18th and 19th dynasties 4 List the 10 Egyptian plagues and describe their significance 5 Draw

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/oth1essa.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • The History of the Ancient Near East -- From Joshua to Solomon
    would later be called judges These judges were not so much judiciaries as they were military leaders Israel would wander from God they would be oppressed by an enemy they would cry out for deliverance recognizing their unfaithfulness to God God would raise up a judge who would deliver them Then after a few years the cycle would repeat itself again This judges cycle was never a country wide event Rather these judges were regional leaders who did not have authority in the entire country The last and most significant of these judges was Saul Saul is usually considered the first King but if the reader of the text pays particular attention he or she will notice that Saul is more judge than King That is his authority exists only when there is a crisis and when the crisis is over he returns to his farm to carry out his family s business He had no centralized government and no regular army He was in short more judge like than king like The historical time frame of the Judges was from the death of Joshua around 1230 BC perhaps till the establishment of the kingdom under David around 1000 BC B The United Kingdom of David and Solomon ASSIGNMENT Read 1 and 2 Samuel The greatest bulk of the books of Samuel have to do with the kingdom of David and Solomon There is again no archaeological evidence for the existence of this united kingdom In all likelyhood David and Solomon were like Saul tribal leaders whose names were later made into eponyms But according to the biblical account the rule of David probably began around the year 1000 and lasted until around 960 BC His son Solomon ruled from 960 till 920 BCE The kingdom established by David and expanded by Solomon would see Israel at its greatest power and its greatest geographical control 1 The Kingdom of David a Consolidation When David assumed control of the tribes of Israel during the later life time of Saul he set in motion a series of events that would prove to be very beneficial to his long term political goals First he eliminated t he descendants of Saul who could have challenged his leadership As descendants of the most recent charismatic leader judge the children of Saul could have been a source of great disharmony in the united kingdom that David was attempting to establish Thus David through his lieutenants saw to it that the most capable of Saul s sons were removed from the scene Second he made the capital of his kingdom the neutral city of Jabesh Jerusalem Jerusalem was not in the territory of any of the tribes and thus it was not politically connected to any of the tribes David thereby a voided the natural pitfalls attendant to the choice of any city as a capital i e this is our city not yours etc Further David also made Jerusalem the center of the spiritual life of

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/b412.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Essay Questions for B412 - Old Testament History and Archaeology
    and submit them to the Quartz Hill School of Theology for evaluation and grading Use the Bible and the reading assignments as sources for your answers 1 Describe in detail the entry of the Israelites into Canaan under the leadership of Joshua 2 List all of the judges in the book of Judges and describe their major activities 3 Defend the idea using whatever resources available that Saul was the

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/b412ques.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • The History of the Ancient Near East -- From the Divided Kingdom till the Babylonian Captivity
    be the Deuteronomic history The Deuteronomist would excoriate the northern kingdom until it was destroyed for its idolatry The northern kingdom was the home of the greatest of Israel s prophets Hosea In fact Hosea is the only prophet whose sermons are still extant who was a northerner by birth and habitation The other prophets without exception were southerners including Amos who though working in the north briefly was a southerner As can be easily seen the Israelite kings did not tend to have very long reigns In fact the northern kingdom was constantly in a state of political turmoil at least so far as we can tell from the sources Since the Assyrian empire was the major foe and ultimate conqueror the student is offered an incomplete chronology of the Assyrian monarchs The kings of Israel were all dates are BC Jereboam I 917 907 Nadab 907 906 Baasha 906 883 Ela 883 882 Zimri 882 Omri 882 871 Ahab 871 852 Ahaziah 852 851 Joram 851 845 Jehu 845 818 Jehoahaz 818 802 Joash 802 787 Jereboam II 787 747 Zachariah 747 Menehem 747 738 Pekaiah 737 736 Pekah 735 732 Hoshea 731 722 Assyrian Monarchs Asshur dan II 935 912 Tukulti Ninurta II 891 884 Asshurnasirpal II 884 858 Shalmanesser III 858 824 in 853 he was victorious in the famous battle of Carchemish Shamshi Adad V 824 811 Adadnirari III 811 781 Tiglath Pilesar III 745 727 he BEGAN the siege of Samaria that led to the cities end Shalmanesser V 727 722 he ended the siege of Samaria and destroyed the northern kingdom When the Assyrians finally conquered Samaria the capital of the northern kingdom in 722 BC the leaders were deported and foreigners were planted in the land The descendants of these transplants would come to be known as the Samaritans famous from the stories of Jesus Unfortunately the Northern Kingdom disappeared from history Unlike their southern brothers their conquerors were not very beneficent so when the kingdom was destroyed it was utterly exterminated B The Southern Kingdom till 586 BC ASSIGNMENT Read 1 2 Chronicles Jeremiah Joel Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Isaiah Habakkuk also read Pritchard s Ancient Near Eastern Texts pages 265 268 274 307 The southern kingdom Judah lasted some time longer than its northern sister Jerusalem was saved from destruction by the Assyrians by a substantial payment of cash to the invading forces All of the books of the Bible save Hosea were penned and preserved in the south and the great prophets all preached in the south or in the exile and return of the southern kingdom Thus the southern kingdom was the intellectual center of the ancient Israelites The political history of Judah was as rocky as the Northern kingdom There were however no dynastic changes That is all of the kings were descendants of David The Kings of the Southern Kingdom Rehoboam 926 910 Abijah 910 908 Asa 908 868 Jehosaphat 868 847 Jehoram 847 845 Ahasiah

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/b413.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Essay Questions for B413 - Old Testament History and Archeology III
    Please answer each of the following questions in the form of a one page essay and submit them to the Quartz Hill School of Theology for evaluation and grading Use the Bible and the reading assignments as sources for your answers 1 Describe the civil war between Israel and Judah 2 In detail discuss the causes of the destruction of the Northern kingdom 3 Discuss in detail the causes of

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/b413ques.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • B243 Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Introduction and Definitions
    First the notion that these documents are contemporaneous with the writing of the Old Testament texts is not necessarily true Second the anachronistic idea of canon retrojected on the texts by the term testament is likewise unfortunate And the word pseudepigrapha denotes not falseness but something wholly other The texts which will be examined in this course will be examined by me with the following presuppositions in mind Others have disagreed with these presuppositions but I believe them to be accurate first these texts were written in the main by Jews There are to be sure Christian interpolations But these interpolations can be easily excised thus leaving the documents intact Second the original language of these texts was either Hebrew or Aramaic Jews of the 3rd century BCE to the 5th century CE would most naturally write in their mother tongue The texts were of course later translated into a large number of different la nguages and now only einally the term pseudepigraphal is unfortunate but is the best we have at hand It connotes for the average reader something false Nothing could however be further from the truth The authors of these documents were not interested in deceiving but

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/pseud1.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • B243 Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Selected Apocalyptic Materials
    those trying times authors took pen to paper and wrote treatises which described God s ultimate victory over his enemies and the concomitant fact that God s people would also triumph over their enemies which were without any surprise equated with God s enemies The best known member of the apocalyptic family of writings is the New Testament book of Revelation which was also written during a period of persecution

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/pseud2.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • B243 Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Selected Testaments
    someone writing in the name of a famous patriarch like Judah or Abraham or Adam These testaments purport to be just what their name implies a last will and testament and thus are read as such by both their ancient and modern purveyors These testaments were written in a variety of languages and translated into such languages as Syriac Ethiopic Greek and Latin They differ from the Apocalypses we have

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/pseud3.htm (2013-12-09)
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