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  • Lesson 7
    on at with genitive over with locative up to with accusative kata down from with genitive according to with accusative meta with with genitive after with accusative para from with genitive beside with locative along with accusative peri about concerning with genitive about around with accusative pro before proj at with locative to with accusative sun with together with u per over with accusative u po by agency with genitive under with accusative The first thing the student will notice is that some of the prepositions have different meanings when they occur with a particular case These distincitions must be learned ASSIGNMENT The vocabulary above must be memorized Prepositions are words that help nouns verbs and adjectives express themselves clearly Prepositions do not change in form as do nouns verbs and adjectives The forms above are the forms that will always occur with one small exception Prepositions ending with a vowel except pro and peri drop that vowel when the next word in the sentence begins with a vowel For example a0po a0delfou becomes a0p a0delfou dia h mera becomes di h mera etc Note Prepositions have shades of meaning that are not indicated above The translator must be sensitive

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk07.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 8
    verb the topic of this lesson is used when the subject of the verb is being acted upon rather than acting For example luw I loose luomai I am being loosed The following table shows the endings of the present passive indicative mai I am being meqa we are being h you are being sqe you pl are being tai he is being ntai they are being sqai infinitive These endings are added to the stem of the verb and a connecting vowel is added o before m or n e before any other letter For instance lu o mai I am being loosed lu o meqa we are being loosed lu h you are being loosed lu e sqai you are being loosed pl lu e tai he is being loosed lu o ntai they are being loosed lu e sqai to be loosed The student will notice quite clearly the stem of the verb lu the connecting vowel and the verbal ending These must be memorized ASSIGNMENT Memorize the endings and connecting vowels of the present passive indicative Then take the vocabulary verbs at the beginning of this lesson and conjugate them all in the present passive indicative

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk08.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 9
    Now for the good news The form of the present middle indicative is exactly the same as the present passive indicative So the difference is function rather than form The context of the passage will indicate whether the verb is middle or passive in function Since the student has already learned the form the following table shows the function of the present middle indicative luomai I loose for myself luomeqa

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk09.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 10
    the abbreviations for the cases are given above and will be used from this point on This should cause no difficulty as you know the case names by now Second Person you Singular Plural Nom su you u meij you Gen sou of you u mwn of you L I D soi to you u min to you Acc se you u maj you Third Person he she it Singular Masc Fem Neuter Nom au0toj he au0th she au0to it Gen au0tou of him au0thj of her au0tou of it L I D au0tw to him au0th to her au0tw to it Acc au0ton him au0thn her au0to it Plural Masc Fem Neuter Nom au0toi they au0tai they au0ta they Gen au0twn of them au0twn of them au0twn of them L I D au0toij to them au0taij to them au0toij to them Acc au0touj them au0taj them au0ta them ASSIGNMENT Memorize the personal pronouns above A pronoun agrees with the noun it is replacing in case gender and number just like an adjective Whenever the phrase o au0toj occurs it must be translated the same All of these pronouns must be carefully translated according to their context Only practice in

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk10.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 11
    in Greek The near demonstrative ou toj points to something near at hand while the far demonstrative e0keinoj points to something further away For example ou toj a0nqrwpoj this man blepw e0keinhn thn e0kklhsian I see that church The Demonstratives are declined like adjectives See the table below Singular masc fem neut Nom e0keinoj e0keinh e0keino Gen e0keinou e0keinhj e0keinou L I D e0keinw e0keinh e0keinw Acc e0keinon e0keinhn e0keino

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk11.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 12
    words above Deponent verbs are verbs which appear in the middle or passive form which have already been learned but are translated as though in the active form This makes it essential that the student know which verbs are deponent in form so that they can be translated correctly A clue when verbs are listed in the dictionary as the vocabulary words are with a middle passive ending they are

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk12.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 13
    the imperfect active indicative of luw e0luon I was loosing e0luomen we were loosing e0luej you were loosing e0luete you pl were loosing e0lue he she it was loosing e0luon they were loosing The e at the beginning of the word is called an augment and it illustrates that this is a secondary tense that expresses past time When a word begins with a vowel that vowel is lengthened thus a becomes h e becomes h o becomes w For example a0kouw becomes in the imperfect active indicative h0kouon and e0geirw becomes h0geiron etc ASSIGNMENT Learn the endings of the imperfect active indicative as indicated above These endings are added to the stem of the verb and e is added as the augment unless there is already a vowel beginning the word in which case it is lengthened as demonstrated above The imperfect active indicative of ei0mi is as follows h0mhn I was h0men we were h0j you were h0te you pl were h0n he she it was h0san they were ASSIGNMENT Memorize the imperfect of ei0mi above The imperfect tense is used to indicate continuous action in past time I E I am loosing present tense I was loosing

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk13.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Lesson 14
    not yet ploion boat ASSIGNMENT Memorize the vocabulary above The imperfect middle and passive indicatives are identical in form Thus the translator must be sensitive to the context to determine whether the verb should be translated middle e0luomhn I was loosing myself or passive e0luomhn I was being loosed The following table shows the form of both the middle and the passive the translation is of course the passive Yet it could also be middle as stated above since they are identical in form e0luomhn I am being loosed e0luomeqa we are being loosed e0luou you are being loosed e0luesqe you are being loosed e0lueto he she it is being loosed e0luonto they are being loosed Notice that the imperfect middle and passive have the e prefix just as does the imperfect active and the same rules apply to it To this prefix is added the verbal stem and then the connecting vowel and then the endings thusly e0 lu o mhn etc A Note On kai Kai can mean and as learned above but it can also mean also even Only the context can help decide between these options ASSIGNMENT Memorize the imperfect middle and passive forms above and

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/greek/gk14.htm (2013-12-09)
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