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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Three - Phonetics
    knows from the very beginning that Ugaritic underwent the same kind of changes common in every language ASSIGNMENT Memorize the vocabulary below and note again that only the transliteration of the words is given with a basic meaning yph witness lht tablet d of dbh sacrifice dqn beard dr to sow ahd seized ars earth sin flocks yzhq he laughs sgr young sgsg to set of the sun mgmg to

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram03.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Four - Pronouns
    ends in y in the 1st person singular In the 2 and 3 person singular the ending is k or sometimes n or h respectively When a word is a dual the ending is ny 1st person hm 3rd person n 1st plural km 2nd plural hm 3rd plural When possession is emphatic the independent pronoun may be added as in Hebrew 4 Demonstrative Pronoun The demonstrative is hnd this

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram04.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Five - Numerals
    9 ts 10 sr 11 st sr 12 tn sr 13 tlt sr The rest of the teens follow this pattern as well That is the number followed the word for ten 20 srm 30 tltm 40 arb m 50 hmsm 60 ttm 70 sb m 80 tmnym 90 ts m 100 mit 1000 alp 10 000 rbt There were at Ugarit fractional numbers as well These are 1 2

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram05.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Six - Nouns
    ama nom em gen and acc Masc Pl uma nom ima gen and acc Fem Pl atu nom ati gen and acc As in Hebrew and other Semitic languages some nouns that are singular in form function as plurals The translator must become context sensitive in order to determine this usage Likewise the construct state occurs in Ugaritic as in Hebrew In Ugaritic nothing can be interposed between the construct

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram06.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Seven - Verbs
    form exist As the student can tell Ugaritic is extremely similar to Hebrew The moods are used somewhat laxly and the student should make sure their translation is context sensitive The student should also know that there are peculiarites to this verb form In the 2 and 3 pl na is sometimes dropped In the 3 du and pl t often displaces y The imperfect verb yqtl is conjugated thusly 3 m sg yaqtul 3 f sg taqtul 2 m sg taqtul 2 f sg taqtulina 1 sg aqtul 3 c du yaqtulani 2 c du taqtulani 3 m pl yaqtulana 2 m pl taqtuluna 2 f pl taqtulna 1 pl naqtul Other grammatical niceties are that there is a proclitic l which is prefixed to the verb and makes the verb mean something like verily K is also used as in Hebrew Bl with the yqtl means surely Al with yqtl not The infinitive in Ugaritic as in other Semitic languages can simply be the noun used as an infinitive Again this can only be determined by the context of the words used 2 Stems Ugaritic like Hebrew makes use of various stems like Piel Pual etc The Ugaritic

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram07.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Eight - Prepositions
    by in me etc l to from for to motion at local at temporal to person addressed for advantage for purpose by in oaths m an enclitic m placed on the prepositions only at times ahr after bl without k like as ade up to until al on over against the account of into the presence of m with tok midst yd with As in other Semitic languages these prepositions

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram08.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Nine - Adverbs
    Sometimes a preposition used in one line is balanced by m in the next Also enclitic m can be added to a verb for ballast in a hemistich m can even be attached to a noun in the construct state The noun bt may be used adverbially i e bt ikl means in the house of eating ahr is also used adverbially and means afterwards while when ap is used

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram09.htm (2013-12-09)
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  • Ugaritic Grammar: Lesson Ten: Miscellaneous Particles
    ahr after hlm as soon as hm if There are also particles of existence and non existence it there is in there is not The interrogatives are iy where ik how why h lm why my who mh what There are also expressions of surprise hn lo behold hl lo behold ASSIGNMENT Memorize these various particles and translate the following text KTU 4 93 The student has now learned the

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/ugaritic/ugram10.htm (2013-12-09)
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