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  • Bible Survey: The Book of Titus
    three of Paul s other letters 2 Corinthians 2 13 7 6 13 14 8 6 16 23 12 18 Galatians 2 1 3 and 2 Timothy 4 10 Very little is known about him Galatians 2 1 3 indicates that when Paul went from Antioch to Jerusalem to discuss the gospel message he was preaching he took along Titus an uncircumcised young Greek as an example of the fruit of the gospel message About a year before writing 2 Corinthians Paul sent Titus to Corinth to get their help in collecting for the saints in Judea 1 Corinthians 16 1 4 2 Corinthians 9 2 and 12 18 Shortly after writing 1 Corinthians Paul sent Titus back to Corinth to help straighten out some additional problems there His failure to return when expected caused Paul anxiety 2 Corinthians 2 12 13 Paul left for Macedonia hoping to find Titus there he did find him with the happy news that things had been settled in Corinth 2 Corinthians 7 5 7 Paul wrote the second letter to Corinth then and sent it back with Titus instructing him to complete the collection for the saints in Judea 2 Corinthians 8 6 7 16 24 The letter was probably written to Titus on Crete about AD 63 not long after Paul had left Crete Paul s visit to Crete occurred sometime after his first imprisonment in Rome Acts 28 III An Outline of Titus I Salutation 1 1 4 II Elders 1 5 9 III False Teachers 1 10 16 IV What to teach 2 1 3 11 V Conclusion 3 12 15 Questions on Titus 1 When was the letter to Titus written 2 What does Paul say about the place of women in the church in Titus How is it

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/titus.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: The Book of Philemon
    meets in your home Philemon was a slave owner who lived in the Lycus Valley of Asia Minor The name of his slave was Onesimus Although others are listed in the salutation the letter is primarily for Philemon Dodd argued that the letter was written from Ephesus about AD 56 others suggest that it was more likely written from Rome at about the same time the letter to the Colossians

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/philemon.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: The Book of Hebrews
    that Philip wrote the letter from Caesarea after contact with Paul and sent it to the Jerusalem church 7 Priscilla Harnack made a case for Priscilla as the author arguing that the lack of attribution could have been because she was a woman B Date Since Clement of Rome cites the letter around AD 95 it must have been produced prior to that time In all probability it was written before AD 70 since there is no mention in the book of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and such a destruction would have surely been useful to the argument in the book A date between AD 66 and 70 seems probable III An Outline of Hebrews I The superiority of Christ 1 1 10 18 II Practical applications 10 19 13 25 IV Comment on Hebrews 6 4 8 Although this passage has been used by those who attempt to argue that salvation is conditional and dependent upon human will it really is not useful for that purpose Arguments against those who believe in a loss of salvation accept the reading that implies the burning in verse eight refers to hell This is not likely and once that is eliminated the passage suddenly becomes clear The implications of this section and a similar section in Hebrews 10 26 31 and John 15 1 8 are made clear when comparison is made to 1 Corinthians 3 10 15 By the grace God has given me I laid a foundation as an expert builder and someone else is building on it But each one should be careful how he builds For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid which is Jesus Christ If any man builds on this foundation using gold silver costly stones wood

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/hebrews.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: The Book of James
    a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ To the twelve tribes scattered among the nations Greetings Questions arise as to the identification of this James Tradition holds to this being James the Apostle that is the brother of Jesus Mark 6 3 who was the ruling elder in the Jerusalem church before his martyrdom AD 62 A date prior to the council of Jerusalem of AD 48 49 Acts 15 is very possible making this the oldest book in the New Testament The other possibility that it was written by James son of Zebedee is unlikely since he was martyred about AD 44 which was probably too early for a letter like this to have been written The book falls into the category or genre of wisdom literature For more information on wisdom literature see the discussion on Proverbs III An Outline of James I Introduction 1 1 27 II Piety and poverty 2 1 26 III Speech and Spirit 3 1 4 12 IV Test and result 4 13 5 6 V Conclusion 5 7 20 Questions on James 1 Compare and contrast James use of Abraham in James 2 20 24 and Paul s use

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/james.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: 1 Peter
    disciples He is called by four different names in the New Testament Simeon a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew Shime on Simon a Greek name obviously very similar to the Hebrew name Cephas a Greek transliteration of the Aramaic kepa which means rock and Peter which is the Greek equivalent of the Aramaic Cephas Peter is the most common designation the name given to him by Jesus Peter was one of the first disciples Jesus called Mark 1 16 18 He was a fisherman from Bethsaida of Gaulanitis John 1 44 He had a home in Capernaum Mark 1 21 29 He was married Matthew 8 14 Mark 1 30 and Luke 4 38 and according to Paul he took his wife with him when he went to visit various churches 1 Corinthians 9 5 According to 1 Clement 5 4 7 Peter and Paul were both martyred during Nero s reign sometime after July 19 64 when Rome suffered a disastrous fire which Nero blamed on Christians It seems likely then that the letter was written before this fire and so it was probably written sometime between AD 62 and 64 According to 1 Peter 5 13 Peter was

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/1peter.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: 2 Peter
    claiming to have been written by Peter actually was not Arguments in favor of Peterine authorship are as follows 1 2 Peter 1 1 claims authorship for Peter to reject Peter s authorship would necessitate rejecting the letter as scripture since it would with the first two words be lying 2 There were pseudonymous works circulating in the early church that claimed to be written by Peter The Apocalypse of Peter The Gospel of Peter The Acts of Peter The Teaching of Peter The Letter of Peter to James The Preaching of Peter but they were never accepted by the church as authoritative 2 Peter does not resemble these clearly pseudopigraphic works either in style or content that is it lacks Gnostic and Montanist influence either as polemic for or against 3 Differences in style between 1 and 2 Peter can be explained by noting that Silas helped Peter with 1 Peter 1 Peter 5 12 while no such help is indicated in this second letter There are many similarities between 2 Peter and Jude especially the description and denunciation of false teachers This has lead to the conclusion that there is probably some kind of literary or oral dependence with 2 Peter most likely making use of Jude rather than the other way around It is also a possibility that both Jude and 2 Peter make use of a third unknown source Like the first letter the second was probably written from Rome sometime between AD 64 and 68 III An Outline of 2 Peter I Salutation 1 1 2 II Growth 1 3 11 III Prophets 1 12 21 IV False Prophets 2 1 22 V The Second Coming 3 1 18 IV Questions on 2 Peter 1 Discuss the authorship of 2 Peter 2 Comment on 2

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/2peter.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: 1 John
    missionaries of the Christian faith first came into contact with the representatives of these movements they undoubtedly received at least initially a warm welcome The eclectic character of these advocates of higher paganism would make sure that they would be prepared to adopt Christianity as they had already tried to adopt Judaism pp xvi xvii As Dodd shows the Johannine community already reflected some of the language style of this world He believes therefore that one could expect the Johannine community to be unusually successful in its missionary effort among such persons Converts from this particular milieu would inevitably bring philosophical and religious verbiage with them into the community that would require an extensive theological response by the teachers The Gospel of John may in itself represent not only a missionary document for these persons but some response to the questions raised by the converts Inevitably however a significant number of the faithful would prove vulnerable to pagan reinterpretation that borrowed from Christian categories In his First Epistle John seems to recognize this pull and seeks to help those trying not to fall back into non Christian speculation On the other hand as Dodd points out the community would inevitably contain some enthusiastic but ill informed converts to Christianity would be eager to reinterpret their new found faith in terms of modern thought ibid p xvii The false teachers who previously had been in the community and had then departed proving that they had not really belonged to the community may well have been representatives of such a movement They would be presenting themselves as preserving the best of both traditions Furthermore the false teachers motive at least in the beginning may have been prompted by the desire to translate the gospel into the terms of another culture Their enthusiasm

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/1john.htm (2013-12-10)
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  • Bible Survey: 2 John
    identify its author by name He is simply called the elder However the style and structure of the letter seem very similar to what was seen in 1 John and so a common author may be assumed The date of writing is hard to place though AD 90 seems a good guess III An Outline of 2 John I Introduction 1 1 3 II Love 1 4 6 III Deceivers

    Original URL path: http://theology.edu/biblesurvey/2john.htm (2013-12-10)
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