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  • CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    the University of Chicago Crime Lab worked with CPD to analyze the source of more than 36 000 guns recovered by CPD over the past 5 years New York Times coverage Becoming A Man BAM Sports Edition Intervention Proves Effective University of Chicago Crime Lab study generates gold standard evidence of benefical impacts on violent crime and school engagement Learn more about the intervention study results and related research Successful innovation requires learning from experience The University of Chicago Crime Lab seeks to provide scientific evidence about what works and what is cost effective in preventing crime and violence Read more Latest News and Announcements RSS Mayor Rahm Emanuel announces the results of a Crime Lab evaluation of the City s One Summer PLUS program Mayor Rahm Emanuel announces the results of a Crime Lab evaluation of the City s One Summer PLUS program Jens Ludwig spoke at the press conference which was held at Phalanx Family Services in the West Pullman neighborhood Phalanx has been funded to manage the employment of 260 youths in One Summer Chicago Plus Read the full post B A M Program Receives Significant Funding for Expansion The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation EMCF has approved

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/ (2013-08-30)
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  • About Us | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    are about the same as they were in 1900 The University of Chicago Crime Lab was launched in 2008 to use insights from basic science to help government agencies and non profit organizations develop innovative new approaches to reducing violence and work with them to test new innovations using randomized trials Basic scientific research has dramatically changed our understanding of what drives human behavior what types of social conditions are the most important risk or protective factors for violence involvement and how to manage and direct the activities of large scale organizations including the challenges of taking good ideas and making them work at scale Government agencies are typically not equipped to translate basic science into policy innovations We need to ensure that the frontier of policy innovation takes advantage of the frontier understanding from basic science of people and organizations Our other goal is to ensure that policymakers have adequate feedback about what their innovations are accomplishing so that policy approaches get better over time While randomized controlled trials RCTs are the standard for testing innovations in medicine they remain far too rare in the areas of crime policy and social policy more generally It is very difficult to identify the causal effects of policy interventions in the real world a problem that can lead to unhelpful or even quite harmful policy decisions Without good evidence policymakers have no basis for allocating scarce public sector resources across different potential uses other than hunches and politics By carrying out RCTs through public private partnerships and focusing on priority questions for government decision makers we seek to ensure and maximize the beneficial policy impact of our work We believe policymakers are most likely to act on new social science evidence when they are involved directly as partners in the process of

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/page/about-us (2013-08-30)
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  • Why experiment? | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    different ways of vaccinating children against the disease Yet evaluations showed these early vaccines were not effective which led to more bench science which eventually led to Dr Jonas Salk s discovery in 1952 Even then the Salk vaccine only went into widespread use after it was confirmed in 1955 through a series of clinical trials to be safe and effective that is a promising idea that actually works in practice Figure 1 Deaths from Homicide and all causes 1950 2005 Source National Center for Health Statistics We have not been as successful in figuring out how to protect people from crime and violence Despite some cyclical variation over time the nation s murder rate in 2005 was roughly 20 percent higher than it was in 1950 The problem is not a lack of ideas or new programs Rather the problem is that in social policy unlike the ideal in medicine and public health new programs are rarely implemented in ways that can be rigorously evaluated We need rigorous evaluation because our theories about what is likely to work are far from perfect When developers advocates and elected officials pressed for a system of government housing in the 1930s few imagined the result would be projects like the high rises on Chicago s South and West sides While the problems created by high rise housing projects quickly became obvious the success or failure of most programs is more difficult to determine From its inception the Head Start program was criticized as having little impact on children but the program s benefits were later discovered to have been obscured by the extra home and neighborhood disadvantages experienced by participating children Overconfidence is also a risk In the criminal justice area claims to have discovered the Salk vaccine for crime and violence

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/page/experiment (2013-08-30)
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  • Key Crime Policy Findings | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    OP ED in Crain s Chicago Business Crime Lab Director Jens Ludwig Quoted in New York Times Front Page Story A great deal is known about the risk factors that characterize people who are involved with crime violence and drug use including individual level attributes such as gender age and race family level characteristics such as poverty or a history of violence and community level attributes such as high rates of residential instability Much less is known about the most cost effective policy strategy for reducing crime and violence Just because family poverty is correlated with delinquency does not mean that providing poor families with more income will reduce delinquency It is possible that whatever factors allow parents to succeed in the labor market might also affect their ability to be successful parents as well so that the correlation between poverty and delinquency might simply reflect the influence of other factors that influence both outcomes Moreover addressing persistent problems of poverty and social inequality will be a daunting long term task The fact that so many people who grow up in disadvantaged circumstances do not become involved with crime or violence suggests the existence of a range of other proximate risk or protective factors that could also be productive targets for policy intervention In what follows we provide a brief review of the data sources that are available for learning more about patterns of crime violence and risky behavior in the U S and then provide a brief summary of what is currently known about criminal justice education and social policy levers capable of reducing anti social or risky behavior Ours is necessarily a very selective review we focus on providing short accessible summaries of some of the major intervention approaches that have been tried with a special focus on

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/page/know (2013-08-30)
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  • Chicago Youth Gun Violence Initiative | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    Expansion Crime Lab Co Director Harold Pollack published piece in Washington Post Wonkblog Crime Lab Director Jens Ludwig OP ED in Crain s Chicago Business Crime Lab Director Jens Ludwig Quoted in New York Times Front Page Story As members of the Chicago community we are deeply saddened by each account of another young person in Chicago gunned down And like every other Chicagoan we want to see an end to this Despite the enormous toll gun violence takes on young people in Chicago and across the United States the evidence about what works to reduce youth gun violence is extremely limited The University of Chicago Crime Lab s mission is to work with community partners in Chicago and around the country to learn more about what works for whom and why to begin making progress in reducing the problem of crime and violence We believe that successful innovation requires doing a better job of learning from experience Our report Gun Violence Among School Age Youth in Chicago provides an overview of some Crime Lab s efforts to better understand the youth who are involved as victims and offenders in gun violence in Chicago and what types of intervention strategies might be helpful in addressing this problem This report prompted and helped to form a large scale project currently underway the Chicago Youth Gun Violence Initiative The first phase of this initiative the Design Competition involved solicitation of letters of interest from city agencies non profit and faith based organizations and private sector firms with promising ideas about pilot programs to reduce youth gun violence and promote positive youth outcomes The goal of the Design Competition was to select a winning project that if funds were secured could be implemented and rigorously evaluated akin to a clinical trial in medicine

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/page/gun-violence (2013-08-30)
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  • Projects by Crime Lab Affiliates | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    legislature to expand the pilot program to 1 000 of the 7 200 felony probationers on Oahu Final results from Hawken s HOPE study are scheduled for release in Spring 2009 HOPE Research Brief H O P E for Reform Hot Spot Policing Several decades ago James Q Wilson and George Kelling argued in a famous essay in the Atlantic that social disorder when untended might fuel more serious crime the so called broken windows hypothesis Despite widespread claims that zero tolerance policing in New York drove the city s crime drop in the 1990s relatively little reliable evidence is currently available about the effects of this strategy Crime Lab member Anthony Braga has recently completed an experiment that randomly assigned some crime hot spots but not others in the city of Lowell Massachusetts to receive problem oriented policing to address social disorder rather than standard police strategies The intervention was found to generate significant reductions in crime and disorder calls for service as well as signs of social and physical disorder which seemed to be due mostly to police use of situational prevention strategies rather than to misdemeanor arrests or social service referrals No evidence of significant crime displacement was found Breakthrough on broken windows Cleaning up crime in Lowell Project Safe Neighborhoods Chicago A research team led by Crime Lab member Tracey Meares has been working to evaluate the effects of Chicago s federally funded Project Safe Neighborhoods PSN Offender Notification Forums The goal of the forums is to change the attitudes of convicted felons who are re entering society about the legitimacy of law enforcement by having law enforcement agencies social service providers and community members together provide a targeted message about social service assistance and legal labor market opportunities as well as about the criminal justice risks of illegal activity Homicide and Gun Violence in Chicago Evaluation and Summary of the Project Safe Neighborhoods Program Housing policies to de concentrate urban poverty Does growing up in a distressed dangerous public housing project increase the risks that youth become involved in crime and violence Crime Lab member Jens Ludwig is working on two ongoing projects that seek to answer this question Ludwig is serving as project director for the long term evaluation of the U S Department of Housing and Urban Development s Moving to Opportunity MTO residential mobility experiment which was launched in 1994 in five cities Baltimore Boston Chicago LA and New York with eligibility limited to families with children living in some of the nation s most disadvantaged public housing projects Via random lottery some families but not others are given the opportunity to relocate to less distressed and dangerous neighborhoods Evidence from a 5 year follow up found a more complicated pattern of results with MTO moves causing short term reductions in violent crime arrests for both boys and girls but after several years some increase in property crime arrests for male youth The 10 year evaluation is currently out in the field

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/affiliate_projects.shtml (2013-08-30)
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  • Newsroom | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    Tribune March 1 2013 Chicago Murders Drop to Lowest Monthly Total Since 1957 Police Say DNAinfo com March 1 2013 Becoming A Man Sprots Edition helps at risk youth in Chicago ABC Local News February 28 2013 The 40 Percent Myth The National Review February 28 2013 Where Chicago teenagers get their guns WBEZ February 25 2013 Chicago s gun violence murder rate eclipses New York s despite the Big Apple having three times as many people as the Windy City New York Daily News February 24 2013 Better ways to fight gun violence Chicago Tribune February 24 2013 Who are Chicago s killer kids New York Daily News February 24 2013 The Price of Public Violence The New York Times February 23 2013 Gun Violence is a Public Health Crisis in Chicago PBS February 22 2013 Harper High School Part Two This American Life WBEZ February 22 2013 EDITORIAL Stop gun shows at lake county fairgrounds Northwest Indiana Times February 20 2013 Lake commissioners stick to their gun shows Northwest Indiana Times February 20 2013 Program for troubled youths gets presidential visit and new academic component Chicago Sun Times February 16 2013 Mysterious Drop in Crime May Be Linked to Small Scale Efforts LiveScience February 16 2013 No Chicago Isn t Proof That Gun Regulation Doesn t Work ThinkProgress February 15 2013 Harper High School Part One This American Life WBEZ February 15 2013 Obama Overcoming poverty and violence hard but can be done CNN February 15 2013 Youth violence in Chicago TimeOut Chicago February 14 2013 Cops will target Crown Point gun shows in stronger weapons monitoring North West Indiana Times February 14 2013 Cops know gun penalties work Chicago Sun Times February 14 2013 Why Aren t Chicago s Tough Gun Laws Working National Public Radio February 14 2013 The American Story Behind Gangs and Gun Violence The Atlantic February 14 2013 Chicago Shamed by Murder as Aurora Has Homicide Free Year Bloomberg February 13 2013 Hadiya s death shows need for new gun laws top prosecutor says Chicago Sun Times February 12 2013 Gun violence in Chicago a struggle for answers in Obama s home town The Guardian February 12 2013 Gun Lobby Helps Block Data Collection by Crimefighters Bloomberg February 12 2013 The economic costs of violence in Chicago American Public Media Marketplace February 11 2013 Death turns spotlight on America s murder capital The Sydney Morning Herald February 11 2013 Why Chicago bleeds New York Daily News February 10 2013 Feeling the heat The Economist February 9 2013 Mentoring for at risk boys expanded as part of city effort to reduce violence WBEZ Chicago February 8 2013 Mayor Rahm Emanuel Puts 4 5 Million in Anti Violence Programs for Youth DNAinfo com February 7 2013 City bolsters summer job recreation programs to fight gang violence Chicago Sun Times February 7 2013 Gun violence scholars face data funding barriers The Brown Daily Herald February 7 2013 Debate Rages On Even As Research Ban On Gun Violence Ends National Public Radio February 6 2013 Cleaning up the murky world of gun ownership Chicago Tribune February 3 2013 Q A Guns Cities and the Death of Hadiya Pendleton TIME February 1 2013 Chicago toll rises despite gun clampdown Financial Times January 31 2013 Chicago Gets Its Guns Where It Used To Get Its Blues Chicago Magazine January 30 2013 January homicide count worst since 2002 Chicago Tribune January 30 2013 Where 50 000 Guns Recovered in Chicago Came From The New York Times January 29 2013 Why new laws could miss America s bigger gun problem CNN January 29 2013 University of Chicago professor If we didn t have the gun in that equation we wouldn t have so many dead bodies Current TV January 28 2013 What We Don t Know Is Killing Us The New York Times January 26 2013 Prison Population Can Shrink When Police Crowd Streets The New York Times January 25 2013 Public health experts applaud funding for research on gun violence Toronto Star January 17 2013 Obama demand could end research blackout into gun violence USA Today January 17 2013 Fear of scientific knowledge about firearm related injuries Scientific American January 17 2013 9 Questions About Gun Violence That We Now May Be Able to Answer The Atlantic January 16 2013 Violence Riddled Chicago Hopes Gun Proposals Will Help Shield It National Public Radio January 16 2013 One way to defeat the NRA CNN Opinion January 11 2013 Scientists urge end to limits on US gun safety research Thomson Reuters January 10 2013 CNN Newsroom Transcript CNN Newsroom December 29 2012 Authorities seek solutions for K 8 absenteeism in Chicago Schools Chicago Tribune December 26 2012 Chicago grapples with gun violence death toll soars The Washington Post December 21 2012 We Fear Each Other When Guns Themselves Are The Real Danger The Nation December 20 2012 In Newton s Shadow Chicago s Bleak Gun Toll Goes On MSNBC December 20 2012 U S Gun Violence Slow Drip Continues Despite Connecticut Shootings Huffington Post December 17 2012 School Shooting Sparks Assault Weapons Debate Chicago ABC7 Local News December 19 2012 In Medical Triumph Homicides Fall Despite Soaring Gun Violence The Wall Street Journal December 7 2012 Mayor Emanuel unveils online early education learning portal to help parents and families Examiner com November 29 2012 City Offers Early Learning Info Online Chicago CBS Local News November 29 2012 Mayor Emanuel unveils onleine early education learning portal to help parents and families find quality programs for children their neighborhoods City of Chicago Press Release November 29 2012 Doing research to help solve school problems Northwestern Magazine Fall 2012 Sugar sweet reminder of sour inequity Chicago Tribune October 31 2012 Spike in assaults leads US violent crime rate to first increase since 93 The Christian Science Monitor October 18 2012 Chicago Area Proposes First Local Tax on Guns Bullets The Wall Street Journal October 18 2012 Preckwinkle defends proposal to tax guns ammo in Cook

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/page/news (2013-08-30)
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  • Contact | CRIME LAB | The University of Chicago
    Search Search Latest News and Announcements Mayor Rahm Emanuel announces the results of a Crime Lab evaluation of the City s One Summer PLUS program B A M Program Receives Significant Funding for Expansion Crime Lab Co Director Harold Pollack published piece in Washington Post Wonkblog Crime Lab Director Jens Ludwig OP ED in Crain s Chicago Business Crime Lab Director Jens Ludwig Quoted in New York Times Front Page

    Original URL path: http://crimelab.sites.uchicago.edu/page/contact (2013-08-30)
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