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  • Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    as HTTPS You can switch to HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Parenting with Style Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission We develop a theory of intergenerational preference transmission that rationalizes the choice between parenting styles Parents maximize an objective function that combines Beckerian altruism and paternalism towards children They can affect their children s choices via two channels either by influencing children s preferences or by imposing direct restrictions on their choice sets Different parenting styles authoritarian authoritative permissive emerge as equilibrium outcomes and are affected both by parental preferences and by the socioeconomic environment The theory is consistent with the decline of authoritarian parenting in industrialized countries and with the greater prevalence of permissive parenting in countries characterized by low inequality Authors Matthias Doepke Northwestern University Fabrizio Zilibotti University of Zurich Publication Date June 2014 BFI Initiative Human Capital and Economic Opportunity JEL Classification D10 Household Behavior General J10 Demographic Economics General O10 Economic Development General Keywords

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/parenting-style-altruism-and-paternalism-intergenerational-preference-transmission (2015-06-03)
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  • Slow Moving Debt Crises | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    logins using a secure protocol such as HTTPS You can switch to HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Slow Moving Debt Crises What circumstances or policies leave sovereign borrowers at the mercy of self fulfilling increases in interest rates To answer this question we study the dynamics of debt and interest rates in a model where default is driven by insolvency Fiscal deficits and surpluses are subject to shocks but influenced by a fiscal policy rule Whenever possible the government issues debt to meet its current obligations and defaults otherwise We show that low and high interest rate equilibria may coexist Higher interest rates prompted by fears of default lead to faster debt accumulation validating default fears We call such an equilibrium a slow moving crisis to distinguish it from rollover crises in which an investors run precipitates immediate default We investigate how the existence of multiple equilibria is affected by the fiscal policy rule the maturity of debt and

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/slow-moving-debt-crises (2015-06-03)
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  • Colonial Legacy, Linguistic Disenfranchisement and the Civil Conflict in Sri Lanka | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    Disenfranchisement and the Civil Conflict in Sri Lanka Polarization measures that are used in examining the empirical relationship between ethnic divisions and violent conflict heavily rely on mechanisms of group identification and often use somewhat arbitrary divisions of a society into ethnic groups In this paper we construct two new measures of polarization one that accounts for differences in linguistic policies across localities during the colonial era and one that accounts for the differences over time and across localities in the experience of violence throughout the conflict episode By examining the protracted war in Sri Lanka and applying these indices and their combination to a data set describing victims of the civil conflict by district and year we are able to better identify the effect of ethno linguistic polarization on the civil conflict in the country We find that for each of our polarization indices there is a positive effect on the conflict The historical underpinnings of our indices allow us to demonstrate in a quantitative and concrete way the relevance of historical processes for understanding episodes of civil conflict Authors Paul Casteneda Dower New Economic School Center for Study of Diversity and Social Interactions Victor Ginsburgh ECARES Universite Libre

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/colonial-legacy-linguistic-disenfranchisement-and-civil-conflict-sri-lanka (2015-06-03)
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  • School Vouchers and the Joint Sorting of Students and Teachers | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    new password Log in School Vouchers and the Joint Sorting of Students and Teachers Countries around the world are adopting market oriented school choice reforms Evidence shows that they affect both student and teacher sorting across school sectors Previous studies have analyzed student and teacher sorting in isolation from each other This is the first paper to unify parental school choice and teacher sorting in an equilibrium framework Using data from the large scale Chilean voucher plan this paper extends the existing literature in three ways First it evaluates how much of the treatment effect of Chilean voucher schools is due to teacher quality Second it examines the welfare implications of school specialization in different types of students Third it evaluates the impact of school choice expansion with endogenous public and private school teacher quality There are three main results First better teacher quality accounts for 19 percent of the private school effectiveness in Chile Second assortative matching of students to teachers by ability can be welfare improving for low ability students if the schools that have less able teachers are also those that specialize in the weakest students Third under the Chilean plan highly skilled teachers are attracted into

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/school-vouchers-and-joint-sorting-students-and-teachers (2015-06-03)
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  • Search The Research Repository | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    G13 Contingent Pricing Futures Pricing option pricing G14 Information and Market Efficiency Event Studies G15 International Financial Markets G17 Financial Forecasting and Simulation G18 General Financial Markets Government Policy and Regulation G20 Financial Institutions and Services General G21 Banks Depository Institutions Micro Finance Institutions Mortgages G22 Insurance Insurance Companies G24 Investment Banking Venture Capital Brokerage Ratings and Ratings Agencies G28 Financial Institutions and Services Government Policy and Regulation G30 Corporate Finance and Governance General G31 Capital Budgeting Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies Capacity G32 Financing Policy Financial Risk and Risk Management Capital and Ownership Structure Value of Firms Goodwill G33 Bankruptcy Liquidation G38 Corporate Finance and Governance Government Policy and Regulation H00 Public Economics General H11 Structure Scope and Performance of Government H20 Taxation Subsidies and Revenue General H21 Taxation and Subsidies Efficiency Optimal Taxation H23 Taxation and Subsidies Externalities Redistributive Effects Environmental Taxes and Subsidies H30 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents General H31 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Household H32 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Firm H40 Publicly Provided Goods General H52 National Government Expenditures and Education H55 Social Security and Public Pensions H56 National Security and War H60 National Budget Deficit and Debt General H62 National Deficit Surplus H63 National Debt Debt Management Sovereign Debt H70 State and Local Government Intergovernmental Relations General H75 State and Local Government Health Education Welfare Public Pensions H77 Intergovernmental Relations Federalism Secession I00 Health Education and Welfare General I10 Health General I11 Analysis of Health Care Markets I12 Health Production I14 Health and Inequality I15 Health and Economic Development I18 Health Government Policy Regulation Public Health I20 Education and Research Institutions General I21 Analysis of Education I22 Educational Finance I23 Higher Education and Research Institutions I24 Education and Inequality I28 Education Government Policy I29 Education Other I30 Welfare and Poverty General I31 General Welfare I38 Welfare and Poverty Government Programs Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs J00 Labor and Demographic Economics General J10 Demographic Economics General J11 Demographic Trends Macroeconomic Effects and Forecasts J12 Marriage Marital Dissolution Family Structure Domestic Abuse J13 Fertility Family Planning Child Care Children Youth J14 Economics of the Elderly Economics of the Handicapped Non labor Market Discrimination J15 Economics of Minorities Races and Immigrants Non labor Discrimination J16 Economics of Gender Non labor Discrimination J20 Demand and Supply of Labor General J21 Labor Force and Employment Size and Structure J22 Time Allocation and Labor Supply J23 Labor Demand J24 Human Capital Skills Occupational Choice Labor Productivity J26 Retirement Retirement Policies J30 Wages Compensation and Labor Costs General J31 Wage Level and Structure Wage Differentials J33 Compensation Packages Payment Methods J41 Labor Contracts J45 Public Sector Labor Markets J60 Mobility Unemployment and Vacancies General J61 Geographic Labor Mobility Immigrant Workers J62 Job Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility Promotion J63 Labor Turnover Vacancies Layoffs J64 Unemployment Models Duration Incidence and Job Search J70 Labor Discrimination General J71 Labor Discrimination J78 Labor Discrimination Public Policy J80 Labor Standards General K22 Business and Securities Law K31

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/search?title=&field_research_initiative_tid_selective=All&field_research_jel_class_tid_selective=All&field_author_last_name_value= (2015-06-03)
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  • Long-Term Impacts of Compensatory Preschool on Health and Behavior: Evidence from Head Start | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Long Term Impacts of Compensatory Preschool on Health and Behavior Evidence from Head Start This paper provides new estimates of the medium and long term impacts of Head Start on health and behavioral problems We identify these impacts using discontinuities in the probability of participation induced by program eligibility rules Our strategy allows us to identify the effect of Head Start for the set of individuals in the neighborhoods of multiple discontinuities which vary with family size state and year Participation in the program reduces the incidence of behavioral problems health problems and obesity of male children at ages 12 and 13 It lowers depression and obesity among adolescents and reduces engagement in criminal activities and idleness for young adults Authors Pedro Carneiro University College London Rita Ginja Uppsala Universitet Publication Date April 2014 BFI Initiative Human Capital and Economic Opportunity JEL Classification C26 Single Equation Models Single Variables Instrumental Variables IV Estimation I28

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/long-term-impacts-compensatory-preschool-health-and-behavior-evidence-head-start (2015-06-03)
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  • Vague Hopes, Active Aspirations and Equality | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    secure protocol such as HTTPS You can switch to HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Vague Hopes Active Aspirations and Equality Authors Richard V Reeves Brookings Institution Publication Date April

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/vague-hopes-active-aspirations-and-equality (2015-06-03)
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  • Do High School Peers Have Persistent Effects on College Attainment and Other Life Outcomes? | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Do High School Peers Have Persistent Effects on College Attainment and Other Life Outcomes Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health this study examines the impact of high school cohort composition on the educational and labor market outcomes of individuals during their early 20s and again during their late 20s and early 30s We find that the positive effects of having more high school classmates with a college educated mother on college attendance in the years immediately following high school decline as students reach their later 20s and early 30s and are not followed by comparable effects on college completion and labor market outcomes The results suggest that factors that increase college attendance are not always sufficient to improve college graduation rates and longer term outcomes Authors Robert Bifulco Syracuse University Jason Fletcher University of Wisconsin Madison Sun Jung Oh Syracuse University Stephen L Ross University of Connecticut Publication Date March 2014 BFI Initiative Human Capital and Economic Opportunity JEL

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/do-high-school-peers-have-persistent-effects-college-attainment-and-other-life-outcomes (2015-06-03)
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