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  • Search The Research Repository | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    Interest Rates G13 Contingent Pricing Futures Pricing option pricing G14 Information and Market Efficiency Event Studies G15 International Financial Markets G17 Financial Forecasting and Simulation G18 General Financial Markets Government Policy and Regulation G20 Financial Institutions and Services General G21 Banks Depository Institutions Micro Finance Institutions Mortgages G22 Insurance Insurance Companies G24 Investment Banking Venture Capital Brokerage Ratings and Ratings Agencies G28 Financial Institutions and Services Government Policy and Regulation G30 Corporate Finance and Governance General G31 Capital Budgeting Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies Capacity G32 Financing Policy Financial Risk and Risk Management Capital and Ownership Structure Value of Firms Goodwill G33 Bankruptcy Liquidation G38 Corporate Finance and Governance Government Policy and Regulation H00 Public Economics General H11 Structure Scope and Performance of Government H20 Taxation Subsidies and Revenue General H21 Taxation and Subsidies Efficiency Optimal Taxation H23 Taxation and Subsidies Externalities Redistributive Effects Environmental Taxes and Subsidies H30 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents General H31 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Household H32 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Firm H40 Publicly Provided Goods General H52 National Government Expenditures and Education H55 Social Security and Public Pensions H56 National Security and War H60 National Budget Deficit and Debt General H62 National Deficit Surplus H63 National Debt Debt Management Sovereign Debt H70 State and Local Government Intergovernmental Relations General H75 State and Local Government Health Education Welfare Public Pensions H77 Intergovernmental Relations Federalism Secession I00 Health Education and Welfare General I10 Health General I11 Analysis of Health Care Markets I12 Health Production I14 Health and Inequality I15 Health and Economic Development I18 Health Government Policy Regulation Public Health I20 Education and Research Institutions General I21 Analysis of Education I22 Educational Finance I23 Higher Education and Research Institutions I24 Education and Inequality I28 Education Government Policy I29 Education Other I30 Welfare and Poverty General I31 General Welfare I38 Welfare and Poverty Government Programs Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs J00 Labor and Demographic Economics General J10 Demographic Economics General J11 Demographic Trends Macroeconomic Effects and Forecasts J12 Marriage Marital Dissolution Family Structure Domestic Abuse J13 Fertility Family Planning Child Care Children Youth J14 Economics of the Elderly Economics of the Handicapped Non labor Market Discrimination J15 Economics of Minorities Races and Immigrants Non labor Discrimination J16 Economics of Gender Non labor Discrimination J20 Demand and Supply of Labor General J21 Labor Force and Employment Size and Structure J22 Time Allocation and Labor Supply J23 Labor Demand J24 Human Capital Skills Occupational Choice Labor Productivity J26 Retirement Retirement Policies J30 Wages Compensation and Labor Costs General J31 Wage Level and Structure Wage Differentials J33 Compensation Packages Payment Methods J41 Labor Contracts J45 Public Sector Labor Markets J60 Mobility Unemployment and Vacancies General J61 Geographic Labor Mobility Immigrant Workers J62 Job Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility Promotion J63 Labor Turnover Vacancies Layoffs J64 Unemployment Models Duration Incidence and Job Search J70 Labor Discrimination General J71 Labor Discrimination J78 Labor Discrimination Public Policy J80 Labor Standards General K22 Business and Securities

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/search?destination=search%3Ftitle%3D%26field_research_initiative_tid_selective%3DAll%26field_research_jel_class_tid_selective%3DAll%26field_author_last_name_value%3D%26page%3D2 (2015-06-03)
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  • The Determinants of Rising Inequality in Health Insurance and Wages | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    password Log in The Determinants of Rising Inequality in Health Insurance and Wages What has caused the rising gap in health insurance coverage by education in the U S over the last thirty years How does the employment based health insurance market interact with the labor market What are the effects of social insurance such as Medicaid By developing and structurally estimating an equilibrium model I find that the interaction

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/determinants-rising-inequality-health-insurance-and-wages (2015-06-03)
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  • Optimal Time-Consistent Macroprudential Policy | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Optimal Time Consistent Macroprudential Policy Collateral constraints widely used in models of financial crises feature a pecuniary externality because agents do not internalize how collateral prices respond to collective borrowing decisions particularly when binding collateral constraints trigger a crisis We show that agents in a competitive equilibrium borrow too much during credit expansions compared with a financial regulator who internalizes this externality Under commitment however this regulator faces a time inconsistency problem It promises low future consumption to prop up current asset prices when collateral constraints bind but this is not optimal ex post Instead we study the optimal time consistent policy of a regulator who cannot commit to future policies Quantitative analysis shows that this policy reduces the incidence and magnitude of crises removes fat tails from the distribution of returns and reduces risk premia A key element of this policy is a state contingent macro prudential debt tax i e a tax imposed in normal times when a financial crisis has positive probability next period of about 1 percent on average Constant debt taxes also reduce the frequency of

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/optimal-time-consistent-macroprudential-policy (2015-06-03)
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  • The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress after Smith and Welch | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress after Smith and Welch More than two decades ago Smith and Welch 1989 used the 1940 through 1980 census files to document important relative black progress but this progress did not continue at least among men Since 1980 prison populations have grown tremendously in the United States Here we show that at least for the eight states that provide fairly reliable National Corrections Reporting Program NCRP data this growth was driven by a move toward more punitive treatment of those arrested in each major crime category These changes have had a much larger impact on black communities than white because arrest rates have historically been much greater for blacks than whites Further the growth of incarceration rates among black men in recent decades combined with the sharp drop in black employment rates during the Great Recession have left most black men in a position relative to white men

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/prison-boom-and-lack-black-progress-after-smith-and-welch (2015-06-03)
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  • Parental Investment and the Intergenerational Transmission of Economic Preferences and Attitudes | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Parental Investment and the Intergenerational Transmission of Economic Preferences and Attitudes We study empirically whether there is scope for parents to shape the economic preferences and attitudes of their children through purposeful investments We exploit information on the risk and trust attitudes of parents and their children as well as rich information about parental efforts in the upbringing of their children from the German Socio Economic Panel Study Our results show that parents who invest more in the upbringing of their children are more similar to them with respect to risk and trust attitudes and thus transmit their own attitudes more strongly The results are robust to including variables on the relationship between children and parents family size and the parents socioeconomic background Authors Maria Zumbuhl Maastricht University Thomas Dohmen Universität Bonn Gerard Pfann Maastricht University Publication Date November 2013 BFI Initiative Human Capital and Economic Opportunity JEL Classification D80 Information Knowledge and Uncertainty General J12 Marriage Marital Dissolution Family Structure Domestic Abuse J13 Fertility Family Planning Child Care Children Youth

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/parental-investment-and-intergenerational-transmission-economic-preferences-and-attitudes (2015-06-03)
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  • Fostering and Measuring Skills: Interventions That Improve Character and Cognition | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    cognitive and noncognitive skills The literature establishes that achievement tests do not adequately capture character skills personality traits goals motivations and preferences that are valued in the labor market in school and in many other domains Their predictive power rivals that of cognitive skills Reliable measures of character have been developed All measures of character and cognition are measures of performance on some task In order to reliably estimate skills from tasks it is necessary to standardize for incentives effort and other skills when measuring any particular skill Character is a skill not a trait At any age character skills are stable across different tasks but skills can change over the life cycle Character is shaped by families schools and social environments Skill development is a dynamic process in which the early years lay the foundation for successful investment in later years High quality early childhood and elementary school programs improve character skills in a lasting and cost effective way Many of them beneficially affect later life outcomes without improving cognition There are fewer long term evaluations of adolescent interventions but workplace based programs that teach character skills are promising The common feature of successful interventions across all stages of

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/fostering-and-measuring-skills-interventions-improve-character-and-cognition (2015-06-03)
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  • Understanding the Mechanisms Underlying Peer Group Effects: The Role of Friendships in Determining Adolescent Outcomes | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    Understanding the Mechanisms Underlying Peer Group Effects The Role of Friendships in Determining Adolescent Outcomes There is a large and growing literature on peer effects but much less is known about the role of friendships and social relationships in student outcomes The best evidence on the mechanisms behind aggregate peer effects suggests an important role for discipline and disruption Very recent research suggests that friends can also have a substantial

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/understanding-mechanisms-underlying-peer-group-effects-role-friendships-determining (2015-06-03)
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  • The Importance of Financial Resources for Student Loan Repayment | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    need to enforce repayment among borrowers who can afford to make their payments with some form of forgiveness or repayment assistance for those who cannot Using unique survey and administrative data from the Canada Student Loan Program we show that nearly all recent borrowers with annual incomes above 40 000 make their standard loan payments while repayment problems are common among borrowers earning less than 20 000 Still over half of all low income borrowers manage to make timely payments We demonstrate that other financial resources in the form of savings and family support are key to understanding this repayment problems are rare among low earners with access to savings and family support This has important policy implications in part because many recent proposals have advocated for a move to an income based repayment system Under such a system many low income borrowers in good standing due primarily to savings and family support would pay less while little new revenue would likely be generated from inducing payment among those that are currently delinquent or in default since their income levels are so low Specifically we show that expanding Canada s income based Repayment Assistance Plan to automatically cover all borrowers

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/importance-financial-resources-student-loan-repayment (2015-06-03)
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