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  • What Accounts for the Racial Gap in Time Allocation and Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital? | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    time investment in children sequentially using data on two generations from the PSID Parental behavior affects the education outcomes of children their labor market earnings and also their marriage market outcomes The dynastic framework provides a natural way to aggregate the outcomes of children as it is measured by their valuation function Time allocation patterns differ by race gender education and family structure number of children and marital status Both the returns to parental time investment and the costs vary across these groups On average black individuals invest less time with their children Our estimation results show that despite the fact that the valuation function is higher for whites and the fact that conditional on education blacks earn less than whites on the margin there are no significant race differences in the rate of returns to paternal time investment and blacks have a higher return to maternal time investment than whites The main reason for the lower parental time investment by blacks is the differences in family structure There is a significantly higher proportion of black single mothers than white single mothers and the opportunity costs of time for single mothers are higher than the opportunity costs of married mothers due to income sharing and transfers within married households We also find that the returns to maternal time investment are significantly higher for boys This implies that mothers act in a compensatory manner favoring low ability children in the family Since girls already have a higher likelihood of achieving a high level of education than boys mothers seem to invest more time in boys than in girls as the number of children increases Our findings suggest a significant quality quantity trade off The level of investment per child is smaller the larger the number of children thus this decline in

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/what-accounts-racial-gap-time-allocation-and-intergenerational-transmission-human-capital (2015-06-03)
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  • Risk, Uncertainty, and Value | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    Institute Research Respository only supports account logins using a secure protocol such as HTTPS You can switch to HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Risk Uncertainty and Value Authors Lars

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/risk-uncertainty-and-value (2015-06-03)
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  • Search The Research Repository | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    Decisions G12 Asset Pricing Trading volume Bond Interest Rates G13 Contingent Pricing Futures Pricing option pricing G14 Information and Market Efficiency Event Studies G15 International Financial Markets G17 Financial Forecasting and Simulation G18 General Financial Markets Government Policy and Regulation G20 Financial Institutions and Services General G21 Banks Depository Institutions Micro Finance Institutions Mortgages G22 Insurance Insurance Companies G24 Investment Banking Venture Capital Brokerage Ratings and Ratings Agencies G28 Financial Institutions and Services Government Policy and Regulation G30 Corporate Finance and Governance General G31 Capital Budgeting Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies Capacity G32 Financing Policy Financial Risk and Risk Management Capital and Ownership Structure Value of Firms Goodwill G33 Bankruptcy Liquidation G38 Corporate Finance and Governance Government Policy and Regulation H00 Public Economics General H11 Structure Scope and Performance of Government H20 Taxation Subsidies and Revenue General H21 Taxation and Subsidies Efficiency Optimal Taxation H23 Taxation and Subsidies Externalities Redistributive Effects Environmental Taxes and Subsidies H30 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents General H31 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Household H32 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Firm H40 Publicly Provided Goods General H52 National Government Expenditures and Education H55 Social Security and Public Pensions H56 National Security and War H60 National Budget Deficit and Debt General H62 National Deficit Surplus H63 National Debt Debt Management Sovereign Debt H70 State and Local Government Intergovernmental Relations General H75 State and Local Government Health Education Welfare Public Pensions H77 Intergovernmental Relations Federalism Secession I00 Health Education and Welfare General I10 Health General I11 Analysis of Health Care Markets I12 Health Production I14 Health and Inequality I15 Health and Economic Development I18 Health Government Policy Regulation Public Health I20 Education and Research Institutions General I21 Analysis of Education I22 Educational Finance I23 Higher Education and Research Institutions I24 Education and Inequality I28 Education Government Policy I29 Education Other I30 Welfare and Poverty General I31 General Welfare I38 Welfare and Poverty Government Programs Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs J00 Labor and Demographic Economics General J10 Demographic Economics General J11 Demographic Trends Macroeconomic Effects and Forecasts J12 Marriage Marital Dissolution Family Structure Domestic Abuse J13 Fertility Family Planning Child Care Children Youth J14 Economics of the Elderly Economics of the Handicapped Non labor Market Discrimination J15 Economics of Minorities Races and Immigrants Non labor Discrimination J16 Economics of Gender Non labor Discrimination J20 Demand and Supply of Labor General J21 Labor Force and Employment Size and Structure J22 Time Allocation and Labor Supply J23 Labor Demand J24 Human Capital Skills Occupational Choice Labor Productivity J26 Retirement Retirement Policies J30 Wages Compensation and Labor Costs General J31 Wage Level and Structure Wage Differentials J33 Compensation Packages Payment Methods J41 Labor Contracts J45 Public Sector Labor Markets J60 Mobility Unemployment and Vacancies General J61 Geographic Labor Mobility Immigrant Workers J62 Job Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility Promotion J63 Labor Turnover Vacancies Layoffs J64 Unemployment Models Duration Incidence and Job Search J70 Labor Discrimination General J71 Labor Discrimination J78 Labor Discrimination Public Policy J80

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/search?title=&field_research_initiative_tid_selective=All&field_research_jel_class_tid_selective=All&field_author_last_name_value=&page=9 (2015-06-03)
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  • Search The Research Repository | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    Investment Decisions G12 Asset Pricing Trading volume Bond Interest Rates G13 Contingent Pricing Futures Pricing option pricing G14 Information and Market Efficiency Event Studies G15 International Financial Markets G17 Financial Forecasting and Simulation G18 General Financial Markets Government Policy and Regulation G20 Financial Institutions and Services General G21 Banks Depository Institutions Micro Finance Institutions Mortgages G22 Insurance Insurance Companies G24 Investment Banking Venture Capital Brokerage Ratings and Ratings Agencies G28 Financial Institutions and Services Government Policy and Regulation G30 Corporate Finance and Governance General G31 Capital Budgeting Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies Capacity G32 Financing Policy Financial Risk and Risk Management Capital and Ownership Structure Value of Firms Goodwill G33 Bankruptcy Liquidation G38 Corporate Finance and Governance Government Policy and Regulation H00 Public Economics General H11 Structure Scope and Performance of Government H20 Taxation Subsidies and Revenue General H21 Taxation and Subsidies Efficiency Optimal Taxation H23 Taxation and Subsidies Externalities Redistributive Effects Environmental Taxes and Subsidies H30 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents General H31 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Household H32 Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents Firm H40 Publicly Provided Goods General H52 National Government Expenditures and Education H55 Social Security and Public Pensions H56 National Security and War H60 National Budget Deficit and Debt General H62 National Deficit Surplus H63 National Debt Debt Management Sovereign Debt H70 State and Local Government Intergovernmental Relations General H75 State and Local Government Health Education Welfare Public Pensions H77 Intergovernmental Relations Federalism Secession I00 Health Education and Welfare General I10 Health General I11 Analysis of Health Care Markets I12 Health Production I14 Health and Inequality I15 Health and Economic Development I18 Health Government Policy Regulation Public Health I20 Education and Research Institutions General I21 Analysis of Education I22 Educational Finance I23 Higher Education and Research Institutions I24 Education and Inequality I28 Education Government Policy I29 Education Other I30 Welfare and Poverty General I31 General Welfare I38 Welfare and Poverty Government Programs Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs J00 Labor and Demographic Economics General J10 Demographic Economics General J11 Demographic Trends Macroeconomic Effects and Forecasts J12 Marriage Marital Dissolution Family Structure Domestic Abuse J13 Fertility Family Planning Child Care Children Youth J14 Economics of the Elderly Economics of the Handicapped Non labor Market Discrimination J15 Economics of Minorities Races and Immigrants Non labor Discrimination J16 Economics of Gender Non labor Discrimination J20 Demand and Supply of Labor General J21 Labor Force and Employment Size and Structure J22 Time Allocation and Labor Supply J23 Labor Demand J24 Human Capital Skills Occupational Choice Labor Productivity J26 Retirement Retirement Policies J30 Wages Compensation and Labor Costs General J31 Wage Level and Structure Wage Differentials J33 Compensation Packages Payment Methods J41 Labor Contracts J45 Public Sector Labor Markets J60 Mobility Unemployment and Vacancies General J61 Geographic Labor Mobility Immigrant Workers J62 Job Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility Promotion J63 Labor Turnover Vacancies Layoffs J64 Unemployment Models Duration Incidence and Job Search J70 Labor Discrimination General J71 Labor Discrimination J78 Labor Discrimination Public Policy

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/search?title=&field_research_initiative_tid_selective=All&field_research_jel_class_tid_selective=All&field_author_last_name_value=&page=10 (2015-06-03)
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  • The Dark Side of Solidarity | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in The Dark Side of Solidarity We study the impact of demands for financial support from family members on entrepreneurial activity in a field and real effort experiment in Burkina Faso West Africa 154 tailors accepted a lucrative job opportunity and we measured their productivity in two distinct treatments where the tailors solidarity network was either informed or not informed about the prospective income Our results show that implicit and explicit solidarity obligations as well as the expectation of future claims for financial support lead to a significant reduction in productivity The results provide evidence that solidarity networks hinder entrepreneurial activity We further find that tailors expectation of future claims for financial support are as high as real demand from their family Furthermore tailors who migrated to the capital in order to open a business most strongly reacted to our peer information treatment This has important implications on individual investment decisions and therefore long term economic growth Authors Myriam Hadnes University of Frankfurt Björn Vollan University of Innsbruck Michael Kosfeld Goethe University Frankfurt Publication Date February

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/dark-side-solidarity (2015-06-03)
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  • Selfconfirming long run biases | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Selfconfirming long run biases We consider a myopic decision maker facing a recurrent decision problem We study selfconfirming strategies We show that a long run bias emerges that favors tested actions that is actions on which information has been collected over time

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/selfconfirming-long-run-biases (2015-06-03)
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  • Efficient Risk Sharing with Model Uncertainty | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    your browser s location bar to begin with https instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Efficient Risk Sharing with Model Uncertainty I study risk sharing arrangements in settings characterized with Knightian uncertainty In general both the demand for insurance and risk perceptions are endogenous and interact in these settings This paper attempts

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/efficient-risk-sharing-model-uncertainty (2015-06-03)
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  • Business Networks, Production Chains, and Productivity: A Theory of Input-Output Architecture | Becker-Friedman Institute Research Respository
    instead of http Please contact site admin for help if this error continues User login CNetID or Username Password Request new password Log in Business Networks Production Chains and Productivity A Theory of Input Output Architecture This paper develops a theory in which the network structure of production the set of plant level input output relationships is the endogenous outcome of individual choices and these choices shape productivity at the micro and macro levels Entrepreneurs search for production techniques that use alternative sets of inputs which are in turn produced by other entrepreneurs The value of a technique depends both on its inherent productivity and on the cost of associated inputs when producing each entrepreneur selects the technique that delivers the best combination These choices collectively determine the economy s equilibrium input output structure As new techniques are discovered entrepreneurs substitute across suppliers in response to changing input prices Despite the network structure the model is analytically tractable allowing for sharp characterizations of aggregate productivity and various micro level characteristics When the share of intermediate goods relative to labor in production is high star suppliers emerge endogenously as small cost di Authors Ezra Oberfield Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Publication

    Original URL path: http://econresearch.uchicago.edu/content/business-networks-production-chains-and-productivity-theory-input-output-architecture (2015-06-03)
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