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  • UChicago Study Shows Living Among Trees Improves Health and Wealth | Division of the Social Sciences
    a generous tree canopy such as new housing developments had health reports more like those of people in poorer communities The researchers also computed a predicted health difference associated with trees in comparison with that of income and reported these results in the paper Neighborhood Greenspace and Health in a Large Urban Center published in the journal Scientific Reports Planting 10 more trees on a city block has equivalent health benefits to increasing the income of every household in that city block by more than 10 200 and having all of those households be moved to a neighborhood that was 10 000 wealthier the authors write Regarding cardio metabolic conditions the same scenario is expected to hold true for an income difference of 20 200 they add A number of things could account for the difference Maybe people in communities with trees walk more The results could also be driven by better air quality Berman said Reduced stress for people in tree lined communities could also be a factor Kardan noted The paper takes advantage of some special circumstances in Toronto Because of a national universal health system everyone has access to relatively similar health care unlike the United States where health care is more uneven Additionally Toronto has extensive data on its trees That information as well as satellite images of trees across Toronto could be linked to neighborhoods where people lived who were part of a health survey taken from 2010 to 2013 That study covered more than 3 000 neighborhoods and included 32 000 people The study does have limitations however Kardan pointed out First our data and analysis do not allow us to make any causal inference Although trees could promote health through factors such as improved air quality and exercise it could also be that healthier people choose to live in areas with more trees he added Because the health data was gathered in an on line survey it could be subject to some inaccuracies as well he said Even with these limitations the study provides useful information in terms of how we may improve our neighborhoods to promote better health Berman said Recent Stories New Space for Neuroscientists Ed Awh and Ed Vogel to Explore Working Memory UChicago Science of Learning Center Seeks to Remove Walls Between Research and Practice Loneliness triggers cellular changes that can cause illness study shows See all Stories Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau of Economic Research Argonne National Laboratory Contacts

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/story/uchicago-study-shows-living-among-trees-improves-health-and-wealth (2016-02-01)
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  • Anthropology's Kathy Morrison Leads Global Effort to Improve Climate Change Models | Division of the Social Sciences
    the last 10 000 years said Morrison That s our big job Once we get our classification system we ll start making maps to plot out historical land use Eventually there will be interactive maps available to the public to better explore the relationships between land cover and land use and their effects on the climate Part of a working group of the Program on the Global Environment Morrison s team on campus includes Emily Hammer director of the Center for Ancient Middle Eastern Landscapes at the Oriental Institute and Alice Yao assistant professor of anthropology Morrison also is busy lining up leaders for each continent and teams of researchers for each region of the world to help gather data Morrison is an archaeologist and paleoecologist who has worked on agriculture and vegetation change in India for the past 30 years When she and her colleagues look at some of the anthropogenic land cover change ALCC models which reconstruct human modified vegetation they see problems The models are over simplified Morrison explained They are based on mathematical equations relating how many people were in a particular area and what they think that did to transform vegetation But they don t integrate evidence we have from the fields of history archaeology and historical geography about how people organized agriculture differences such as dry versus wet crops like rice paddies that show the same number of people can have a very different impact on the land We need data based reconstructions to correct the model based ones With both land use and land cover data we can begin to do that Morrison added that the scientists who create these ALCC models are working with the LandUse6K researchers because they too want to better understand the relationships between land use and land cover through time Morrison and the international researchers will be convening this fall at the University of Chicago Center in Paris to work on the land use classification system To read the full article visit http news uchicago edu article 2015 07 08 uchicago anthropologist leads global effort improve climate change models Related Department s Anthropology Focus Human Environment Interactions Tags climate change land use environment Recent Stories New Space for Neuroscientists Ed Awh and Ed Vogel to Explore Working Memory UChicago Science of Learning Center Seeks to Remove Walls Between Research and Practice Loneliness triggers cellular changes that can cause illness study shows See all Stories Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/story/anthropologys-kathy-morrison-leads-global-effort-improve-climate-change-models (2016-02-01)
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  • UChicago Study Explores How ISIS Lights up the Brains of Recruits | Division of the Social Sciences
    whole new school of thought at the University of Chicago According to Nirenberg the project embodies the collaborative creative approach to inquiry that the University is famous for What is beautiful about this project is the way in which it combines methodologies qualitative and quantitative socio political analysis and cognitive neuroscience to open a new approach in the field of terrorism research Two distinctive Chicago approaches to international relations and to cognitive neuroscience are coming together to tackle a difficult problem This is the type of collaboration out of which so many Chicago Schools of social science have been born and I m excited to see what this one will produce The Minerva Research Initiative agreed to fund an additional two phases of the project that will include an expansion of the social investigation to a wider group of violent extremist organizations and to extend the neurological investigation to potential martyr recruits in conflict areas The final phases of the project include published findings and a conference to share results with leading scholars and policymakers Building Counter terrorism Strategies Understanding how ISIS and similar groups effectively use media to recruit participants to conduct violent acts provides the knowledge required to create opposing strategies The Social and Neurological Construction Martyrdom Project will provide tools that will allow defense professionals to do just this The project will develop a detailed analysis of violent extremist organizations communication strategies and a breakdown by region and campaign in order to provide a nuanced view of the culture of martyrdom The final report will also include a set of indicators that can predict a population s susceptibility to persuasive videos distributed by ISIS and similar groups Overall the project aims to produce deeper understanding of the neurology of empathy and persuasion According to the proposal the project investigators anticipate it will contribute to a capability to develop tailored communications strategies for successful counterinsurgency and counter terrorism efforts Genesis of the Project The Social and Neurological Construction of Martyrdom Project is an outgrowth of ongoing research on suicide terrorism conducted by the Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism CPOST lead by Pape As part of this research the team compiled a large collections of martyr videos from a number of extremist groups including the 9 11 hijackers the July 2005 suicide bombers in London numerous suicide attackers from Palestinian groups in Iraq and Lebanon and other places around the world Recently Pape approached Decety for ways to use various psychological and biometric tools to measure audience reactions to martyr videos Once the Minerva funding opportunity became a possibility a full collaboration evolved to carry out the research Many hands touched the proposal process adding to its success Goebel worked with Pape and Decety to identify the funding opportunity to define the objectives and scope of the project and to develop and refine the proposal The team also worked with Kate VonHolle Director of Federal Research Development at the University of Chicago in Washington DC who met with

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/story/uchicago-study-explores-how-isis-lights-brains-recruits (2016-02-01)
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  • Neuroscientists identify brain mechanisms that predict generosity in children | Division of the Social Sciences
    brain waves by EEG and eye tracking of 57 children ages three to five while they viewed short animations depicting prosocial and antisocial behaviors of cartoon like characters helping or hurting each other Following that testing the children played a modified version of a scenario called the dictator game The children were given ten stickers and were told that the stickers were theirs to keep They were then asked if they wanted to share any of their stickers with an anonymous child who was to come to the lab later that day Read the full story http news uchicago edu article 2014 12 18 neuroscientists identify bra Related Department s Psychology Focus social neuroscience Tags generosity EEG prosocial antisocial child behavior Recent Stories New Space for Neuroscientists Ed Awh and Ed Vogel to Explore Working Memory UChicago Science of Learning Center Seeks to Remove Walls Between Research and Practice Loneliness triggers cellular changes that can cause illness study shows See all Stories Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau of Economic Research Argonne National Laboratory Contacts Dean s Office VP for Research Close Window Getting Started Center for Teaching and Learning Chalk Course Packets Coursebook Ordering Deadlines Faculty Access Library Reserves Time Schedules Contacts Dean of Students Collegiate Division Master Classroom Issues Academic

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/story/neuroscientists-identify-brain-mechanisms-predict-generosity-children (2016-02-01)
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  • To talk or not to talk? The dilemma of suicide contagion | Division of the Social Sciences
    even higher risk Interestingly adolescents whose friends didn t tell them about their suicide attempts didn t experience a significant increase in their risk of suicide one year later Our study has several interesting implications for suicide prevention First experiencing the suicide attempt or death of a friend appears to change adolescents risk profile in a meaningful way We re all exposed to suicide at some point whether it s through reading Romeo and Juliet or simply watching the news But exposure to a friend s suicide attempt or death appears to transform the distant idea of suicide into something very real a meaningful tangible cultural script that youth may follow to cope with distress Second following the old adage birds of a feather flock together some have argued that depressed teens may simply befriend one another which explains why groups of friends have similar suicide rates and which contradicts the theory of suicide contagion To read the full blog post visit The Conversation Department Comparative Human Development Focus suicide contagion Tags mental health suicidal thoughts suicide suicide contagion rlbasick s blog Log in to post comments Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau of Economic Research Argonne National Laboratory Contacts Dean s Office VP for Research Close Window Getting Started Center for

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/blog/faculty/talk-or-not-talk-dilemma-suicide-contagion (2016-02-01)
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  • Lloyd Rudolph, leading scholar and teacher of South Asia, 1927-2016 | Division of the Social Sciences
    them the Padma Bhushan in 2014 one of their highest civilian awards The study of India at the University of Chicago and across the world of scholarship owes a great deal to the Rudolph s writing but it also owes much to their teaching together they served on the committees of over 300 doctoral students and introduced many undergraduates to the field and to the extraordinary hospitality of their hearths and homes in Chicago and in India where they received and encouraged multiple generations of scholars and students When it comes to thinking about contemporary India one misses political analysts of the caliber of Lloyd and Susanne said colleague Dipesh Chakrabarty the Lawrence A Kimpton Distinguished Service Professor in History and South Asian Languages and Civilizations The Rudolphs had the capacity to express academic criticism of Indian politics in a way that communicated their concerns for the country a trait that Charkabarty said he admired They undertook their scholarly work in a true spirit of generosity Chakrabarty said They were almost proud of what they saw as the achievements of Indian democracy while being critical of what they saw as its shortcomings They unlike many other external observers did not make Indians feel defensive about their nation and that was one reason why they were deeply respected by Indian leaders and scholars Chakrabarty said In the year of their retirement the Rudolphs co delivered the University s Nora and Edward Ryerson Lecture a particularly fitting University tribute to such an intimate intellectual partnership Rudolph is survived by his three children Jenny who serves on the faculty at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School Amelia artistic director of Bandaloop an Oakland Calif based aerial dance company and Matthew a political scientist teaching at San Francisco State University his three grandchildren Gia 19 Maya 9 and Ry 4 and his younger brother Wallace Rudolph Arrangements for a memorial service are pending Memorials may be made in honor of Lloyd and Susanne Rudolph to the American Institute for Indian Studies To read the full obituary visit the UChicago News Office web site Related Department s Political Science Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau of Economic Research Argonne National Laboratory Contacts Dean s Office VP for Research Close Window Getting Started Center for Teaching and Learning Chalk Course Packets Coursebook Ordering Deadlines Faculty Access Library Reserves Time Schedules Contacts Dean of Students Collegiate Division Master Classroom Issues Academic Technologies A V Equipment Book a Group

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/announcement/lloyd-rudolph-leading-scholar-and-teacher-south-asia-1927-2016 (2016-02-01)
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  • Lydia Goodwin (Steinway) Cochrane, AM'61, (1929-2016), translator of scholarly books | Division of the Social Sciences
    of her husband Eric Cochrane 1928 1985 professor of the Italian Renaissance in the Department of History Cochrane attended lunch with the recipients of the Cochrane Travel Fellowship every year and remained engaged with the University over the years A memorial serivce is being planned for the spring in Chicago Details to follow To read the full obituary posted in the Chicago Tribune click here Related Department s History Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau of Economic Research Argonne National Laboratory Contacts Dean s Office VP for Research Close Window Getting Started Center for Teaching and Learning Chalk Course Packets Coursebook Ordering Deadlines Faculty Access Library Reserves Time Schedules Contacts Dean of Students Collegiate Division Master Classroom Issues Academic Technologies A V Equipment Book a Group Study Room Room Requests Solution Center Social Sciences Computing Student Issues Disability Accommodation Protocol SSD Disability Coordinator Counseling English Language Institute Harassment Plagiarism Cheating Libraries Bookstores University of Chicago Library Chicago Public Library Newberry Library Seminary Co op Bookstore University of Chicago Bookstore Close Window Departments Anthropology Comp Hum Development Economics History Political Science Psychology Social Thought Sociology CHSS MA Programs Collegiate Division Offices Office of the Dean Faculty Affairs Graduate Students Undergraduates Prospective Students Alumni Relations Staff Issues Functions Business Services Communications Desktop Support Facilities

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/announcement/lydia-goodwin-steinway-cochrane-am61-1929-2016-translator-scholarly-books (2016-02-01)
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  • Data science specialist Michael Franklin to lead computer science at UChicago | Division of the Social Sciences
    Applied Mathematics Initiative Data science is an expanding area of research among the University s affiliated institutions including Argonne National Laboratory the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole Mass and the campus based Toyota Technological Institute of Chicago The University also is exploring new opportunities for innovation in data science in collaboration with entrepreneurial and industrial partners across the region Franklin is ideally suited to lead these efforts with more than 30 years of experience in the fields of database data analytics data management fields and distributed systems as an academic and industrial researcher laboratory director faculty member entrepreneur and software developer He is currently the Thomas M Siebel Professor of Computer Science and chair of the Computer Science Division of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the University of California Berkeley He directs Berkeley s Algorithms Machines and People Laboratory AMPLab a leading academic big data analytics research center and serves as an executive committee member for the Berkeley Institute for Data Science a campus wide initiative to advance data science environments To read full announcement click here Tags Big Data Computational Social Science data science Research Teaching Quick Contacts Units Getting Started Aura Conflicts of Interest Invention Disclosures UChicagoTech Quick Reference Fact Sheet Starting Centers and Large Projects Arete STEM Resources Funding Federal Opportunities Foundation Corporate Relations Grants gov NIH Commons NSF Fastlane Research Resources Animal Subjects Biosafety Book a Group Study Room Center for Decision Research Human Subjects Research Administration Seminary Co op Bookstore Survey Data Computational Resources Social Sciences Computing Center for Research Informatics Computation Institute Geographical Information Systems Humanities Research Computing Library Research Computing Center Solution Center Partners National Opinion Research Center Chapin Hall National Bureau of Economic Research Argonne National Laboratory Contacts Dean s Office VP for Research Close Window Getting

    Original URL path: https://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/announcement/data-science-specialist-michael-franklin-lead-computer-science-uchicago (2016-02-01)
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