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  • Library | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    to analyze the extent of matching of educational level to occupational attainment among adult native born and foreign born men in the U S using the 2000 Census Overeducation is found to be more common among recent labor market entrants while undereducation is more likely among older workers Married men veterans and those living in metropolitan areas are also more likely to be overeducated Earnings and Occupational Attainment Immigrants and the Native Born This paper examines the determinants of occupational attainment and the impact of occupation on earnings Results for both the native born and foreign born are presented and these provide insights as to the earnings penalties associated with the less than perfect international transferability of human capital skills It shows that around 50 percent of the earnings gains associated with years of schooling derives from inter occupational mobility The Illinois Report 2007 The Illinois Report 2007 is a nonpartisan comprehensive look at crucial issues facing the state of Illinois using evidence based research This first edition of the report looks at issues ranging from the state s budget and economy to energy to education health care and immigration Policy Forum 19 2 Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities in Illinois Are There Any Solutions Illinois has a diverse population 66 percent of its residents are non Hispanic white 15 percent black 14 percent Hispanic or Latino origin and 4 percent Asian Unfortunately this demographic diversity is strongly associated with diversity in health status Blacks and Hispanics are in worse health than whites Immigrants arrive in Illinois healthy but their health declines rapidly with time spent here Matching Language Proficiency to Occupation The Effect on Immigrants Earnings This paper analyzes the effect on earnings of the matching of English language skills to occupational requirements It uses data from the Occupational

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library?page=12 (2016-02-17)
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  • Fiscal Federalism and Capital Accummulation | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    State Summit Family Impact Seminars 2015 Seminar 2014 Seminar 2013 Seminar 2012 Seminar 2011 Seminar 2010 Seminar 2009 Seminar Study Centers Office of Public Leadership Regional Economics Applications Laboratory Fiscal Federalism and Capital Accummulation Author s Jan K Brueckner This paper explores the effect of fiscal federalism on the incentive to save Fiscal federalism corresponds to the institutional structure in the U S where most public goods and services are provided at the local level With local provision there is a variety of public goods and services available across different communities Economists think that this leads to consumers to vote with their feet picking a community to match their desired level of public spending The question is what effect does voting with one s feet have on saving The analysis in this paper shows that when young and old consumers separate into different types of communities retirement communities vs towns full of young families the better match between public services and individual demands will affect saving For example because young people will pay more taxes for better schools and because older people can avoid taxes for schools they don t need saving is likely to go down The analysis explores

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library/fiscal-federalism-and-capital-accummulation-0 (2016-02-17)
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  • Consequences of Means Testing Social Security: Evidence from the SSI Program | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    2011 Seminar 2010 Seminar 2009 Seminar Study Centers Office of Public Leadership Regional Economics Applications Laboratory Consequences of Means Testing Social Security Evidence from the SSI Program Author s David Neumark Baby boomers are aging which means large projected increases in benefit payments Policy makers and researchers are investigating proposals to reform Social Security One suggestion is to convert Social Security from a universal entitlement program to a means tested program This would provide benefits only to those who lack sufficient assets This paper draws inferences about potential behavioral responses to Social Security means testing It examines the Supplementary Security Income SSI program which provides payments to the elderly poor By compaing the different combined federal and state SSI benefits Neumark and Powers have made the following conclusions High SSI benefits reduce saving among households with male heads approaching elegibility for SSI Little evidence that high SSI benefits reduce the labor supply of older men who might participate in SSI A cautionary note these results may not correlate directly with Social Security if the structure of a Social Security program is sufficiently different from SSI the means tested program operates differently from the current Social Security system SSI serves a

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library/consequences-means-testing-social-security-evidence-ssi-program-0 (2016-02-17)
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  • Policy Forum 11:1 - The New Pattern of Power in Illinois: Effective Government, Deadlock, or Tyranny? | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    Library Policy Forum Search Programs Events Douglas Ethics Award Edgar Fellows Program NEW Leadership Illinois IGPA State Summit Family Impact Seminars 2015 Seminar 2014 Seminar 2013 Seminar 2012 Seminar 2011 Seminar 2010 Seminar 2009 Seminar Study Centers Office of Public Leadership Regional Economics Applications Laboratory Policy Forum 11 1 The New Pattern of Power in Illinois Effective Government Deadlock or Tyranny Author s Michael Caldwell This Policy Forum asks if Illinois state government is caught in a deadlock which results in a centralization of power within the legislature most of the power ending up in the hands of the governor and four legislative party leaders The author presents possible consequences of centralized bargaining Increased deficit spending Deadlock Inability to pass major bills Lack of communications between executive and legislative levels leading to failure in any action being taken Greater interest group power and a lack of democracy within the legislature If we accept the premise that centralized bargaining is harmful to government Caldwell suggests three actions to decentralize Reform campaign finance Revive cumulative voting Increase staffing and information for individual legislators Attachment Size PF11 1 powerIL pdf 36 61 KB Library Policy Forum IGPA Categories Policy Forum Search the web

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library/new-pattern-power-illinois-effective-government-deadlock-or-tyranny (2016-02-17)
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  • Library | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    gives a very personal view of law and economics which has been called the most important legal innovation of the twentieth century There are two central ideas of the economic analysis of law first that legal commands and institutions contain implicit prices and second that rational actors respond to those implicit prices in the same Efficiency and Equity What Can Be Gained by Combining Coase and Rawls The Status Quo Bias and Contract Default Rules Determining Health Care Rights from Behind a Veil of Ignorance Physician Assisted Suicide Legislation Issues and Preliminary Responses Should physician assisted suicide PAS be permitted In two 1997 landmark hearings the U S Supreme Court determined that legislators not the courts should make this decision Political Institutions Public Management and Policy Choice Over the past three decades the literature on political institutions and policy choice has been cut off from literature on public management Economists and political scientists with rational assumptions are increasingly responsible for contemporary theories of political institutions and policy choice On the other end of the continuum are the messy real life problems of personality and leadership issues that affect public management Do Local Governments Engage in Strategic Property Tax Competition Many people think that local governments look at tax burdens in surrounding jurisdictions in deciding on how high their own taxes should be They worry about losing investment shopping centers offices apartment buildings to lower tax communities This paper tests to see whether this strategic interaction occurs when communities set property tax rates The study focuses on cities in the Boston metropolitan area in 1980 Secession The New Dictionary of Economics and the Law Specific Performance The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law When someone breaks an enforceable promise without an excuse the law allows the innocent party a

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library?page=27 (2016-02-17)
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  • Library | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    from a small temporary income tax increase can put the state back on track Trends in Food Safety Regulation and Their Impact on Trade Disputes Full Circle Changes in the Supplemental Security Income Program for Children and Youth The chapter describes the history of the major income support program for disabled children and their families Supplemental Security Income SSI and then proceeds to analyze what disability benefit policies for children should be This is unclear because the policy goals for the child portion of the program have never been clearly delineated Section I begins with an overview of the program Section II describes the history of the program and trends in use and costs Is a Family focused Program Effective in Helping Low Income Parents Enter the Workforce Historically few programs have provided job training services with a family orientation even with the more recent welfare reform law s clear goals of encouraging marriage and two parent families We present results of a multi method evaluation of the Full Family Partnership FFP demonstration located at Jobs for Youth JFY Chicago that assisted young couples in committed relationships in entering the workforce Determinants of Property Value Growth for Tax Increment Financing Districts Although the majority of empirical research on Tax Increment Financing TIF examines munipal level effects there is a dearth of research looking at TIF effects at a more localized level This paper examines the characteristics of the areas in which TIF districts are located as well as the factors influencing property value growth within TIF districts Tax Incentives and the City It is difficult to justify tax incentives within the existing economies literature on tax completion We develop a model in which communities are interested in attracting firms not only for their own capital but also for the concentration

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library?page=20 (2016-02-17)
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  • Library | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    are outlined in a basic theoretical framework Fiscal Decentralization with Distortionary Taxation Tiebout vs Tax Competition This paper explores a question that lies at the intersection of two vast literatures The goal is to gauge whether the good side of fiscal decentralization as emphasized by the Tiebout literature dominates the bad side as studied in the tax competition literature The results which are derived by numerical simulation show that either answer to this question is possible Do Congressional Earmarks Increase Research Output at Universities For twenty years universities have been able to bypass peer reviewed research competition for federal funding and seek a direct appropriation of funding from Congress Proponents of this earmarking claim that this funding helps the university build the infrastructure needed to be able to compete for peer reviewed funding Opponents claim this funding is used poorly and is less than productive than peer reviewed funding Local Policy Tools Examined Ten Years of Tax Caps in Illinois Immigrant and Native Responses to Welfare Reform In this paper we investigate the effect of federal welfare reform on the employment hours of work and marriage rates of three groups of low educated women foreign born citizens foreign born non citizens and native born citizens Among non citizens we investigate whether the behavioral response to welfare reform differed by recency of immigration Government Grants to Private Charities Do They Crowd Out Giving or Fundraising When the government makes a grant to a private charitable organization does it displace private giving This is one of the fundamental policy questions in public finance and much theoretical and empirical research has been devoted to understanding the relationship between private donations and government funding Under the classic crowding out hypothesis donors let their involuntary tax contributions substitute for their voluntary contributions The Impact of

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library?page=21 (2016-02-17)
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  • Library | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    Employment The previous literature on the impact of children s health on maternal work effort ignores the potential endogeneity of work with parental reports of child disability The potential biases to simple estimates are large and should not be ignored This paper uses large samples of two parent and one parent families from the 1992 October Current Population Survey and an instrumental variables approach to investigate this issue Airport Congestion When Carriers Have Market Power This paper analyzes airport congestion when carriers are nonatomistic showing how the results of the road pricing literature are modified when the economic agents causing congestion have market power The analysis shows that when an airport is dominated by a monopolist either discriminating or nondiscriminating congestion is fully internalized provided that a separability assumption on travel benefits is satisfied Strategic Interaction Among Governments An Overview of Empirical Studies This paper provides an overview of empirical models of strategic interaction among governments To clarify the theoretical roots of such studies the discussion shows how the empirical frameworks fit into two broad categories spillover models and resource flow models Both types of models generate jurisdictional reaction functions and the empirical task is to estimate such functions When the estimated reaction function slope is non zero the presence of strategic interaction is confirmed Strategic Tax Competition With a Mobile Population This paper analyzes a model of strategic tax competition with mobile capital and mobile identical consumers The results of the model are compared to the traditional strategic tax competition model with immobile population In addition to the fiscal and pecuniary externalities present in the standard model a new effect shows up in the mobility model to affect provision of the public good Democracy Non Profits and Information Comparing Quantile and OLS Regression Despite the consensus that civil society

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library?page=22 (2016-02-17)
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