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  • The IGPA State Summit | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    Our only agenda is to provide participants with the best and most up to date information we can assemble information that is based on what the best evidence tells us It is also our goal to provide participants with new perspectives and ways to think about key issues and to introduce options for solutions that may not have been given much attention up to this point in time The State Summit 2013 brought together leaders in policymaking fiscal analysis and advocacy to focus on the state fiscal situation and discuss ways to address Illinois persistent budget shortfall Leading experts presented new research and analysis on tax policy and the reform process The State Summit 2011 which represents our second event of this type brought together top leaders and decision makers to discuss one of the most pressing issues facing Illinois today public employee pension policy IGPA selected pensions as the State Summit topic in 2011 because the issue is crucial to the long term fiscal stability of our state Pension reform is a key issue in the public and private sectors throughout the United States Illinois has the most underfunded public employee pension system in the nation which has created a problem that must be addressed Although policymakers disagree about what should be done to reform the policy there is general agreement that the current course is unsustainable Read the State Summit 2011 Report The State Summit 2010 assembled leaders in government research advocacy and the health care industry to discuss the future of Medicaid in Illinois The goal of the event was to discuss paths toward reform that will bring financial stability to the program while keeping its costs under control especially in light of the state s large budget deficit problem More than two and a half million

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/pe/state-summit (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 6: Exploring a New Paradigm for Higher Education | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    approach involves the creation of panels committees councils and groups which are dedicated to policy making and policy recommendations which keep in mind the overarching view of student and institutional success Thus when a student begins to have trouble in grade 5 P 20 argues that this has implications for success all the way through graduate school As such comprehensive and effective educational policy ought to approach decisions made at every level as decisions for the entire system of education Currently 38 states have P 16 or P 20 councils The Illinois legislature commissioned the creation of a P 20 council in 2007 but it has yet to fully take shape Of the existing programs several stand out as being particular effective and or groundbreaking in their activities and programs Approaches include participation in nation wide programs which encourage growth in retention and graduation rates teacher quality and improve math and science education Additionally successful programs have access to informative and thorough research on questions of particular concern to P 20 especially on graduation and retention rates and students performance on national standards examinations Finally successful programs have concrete goals which are set and subsequently met by the appropriate stakeholders including but not limited to governors legislative leaders presidents and administrators of colleges and universities teachers and other people who understand and experience educational policy On the one hand a P 20 approach to education will improve the quality of students who enter Illinois colleges and universities This will increase Illinois standing in the U S and it will also strengthen the Illinois economy Secondly institutions of higher education are able as a result of their resources to help instantiate P 20 principles in schools University and college professors and administrators know the qualities necessary to succeed in college and

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch6-higher-education (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 8: Obesity: Causes, Consequences and Public Policy Solutions | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    a 150 percent increase since the early 1970s and rates among children have risen by nearly 300 percent during the same period The challenges are no different in Illinois where obesity rates generally mirror national trends Increases in obesity pose specific policy problems as a result of the serious health conditions with which they are associated These conditions raise the cost of health care for all and place a large burden on public health funds Reducing obesity to its 1987 levels would save the U S approximately 200 billion Robert Kaestner discusses his chapter transcript PDF Read the complete chapter PDF The condition may have other non medical costs as well Obesity has been shown to reduce the overall quality of life for affected individuals and may even be a cause of lower educational achievement and lower earnings for example because of discrimination against obese persons The causes of obesity are simple too many calories consumed and too few calories expended Technological advances over the past 30 years have made it cheaper and easier to consume more calorie rich foods while simultaneously making it cheaper and easier to expend fewer calories each day In effect the voluntary modernization of our society has contributed to the overall rise in obesity Prohibitive or restrictive measures aimed at attempting to reverse these fundamental trends in an effort to limit obesity are misguided and ineffective The key to fighting obesity is quality education especially during childhood Research suggests that the best indicator of adult well being is an individual s cognitive ability as a child Indeed there is a positive association between years of completed schooling and health Specific education in how to lead a healthy lifestyle is important However it appears that general education cognitive development even the ability to delay gratification early

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch8-obesity (2016-02-17)
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  • The Illinois Report 2009 | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    Laboratory The Illinois Report 2009 View the entire document PDF 3 8MB The Illinois Report 2009 examines the performance of the State of Illinois on a set of crucial issues This examination relies on evidence of the state s performance and comparison of that performance to what is happening in neighboring or peer states We believe the information contained in The Illinois Report 2009 is important to ongoing public policy discussions in Illinois The publication of this report annually emphasizes IGPA s belief that solutions to the problems facing Illinois can be found with cooperation and collaboration among all relevant stakeholders IGPA encourages these collaborative deliberations and is eager to help them succeed On the following pages you will find summaries of IGPA s examination of eleven critical concerns facing the state which comprise the chapters in this publication You also will see video presentations from an author of each chapter summarizing their findings and a link to a PDF version of the chapter for you to review Use the navigation to the right to go directly to an individual chapter Opinions expressed by the authors are their own and not necessarily those of the Institute or the University Please feel free to download PDF copies of each chapter For information on obtaining printed copies of The Illinois Report or for reprints of specific chapters contact Director of Communications email Institute of Government and Public Affairs University of Illinois 1007 W Nevada Urbana IL 61801 Phone 217 333 3340 Copyright 2009 The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois Next Illinois Report 2009 Opening Page Introduction The National Economic Crisis and the Illinois Economy Illinois Fiscal Future and the State s Economy The Illinois Economy Taxing Business Racial Residential Segregation and Exclusion in Illinois Promising Strategies for Improving K

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/open (2016-02-17)
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  • Introduction: An Opportunity to Change Course | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    state faced serious questions from across the nation about the ethics of its leadership and the culture of its politics The challenges that Illinois must confront are substantial The state also faces very serious fiscal problems Within those challenges however lie opportunities IGPA Director Robert F Rich introduces The Illinois Report 2009 transcript PDF Read the full Foreword and Introduction PDF The new President of the United States who spent some time in the Illinois Legislature himself says the nation faces a defining moment The same can be said of Illinois So the question is how will we define that moment Will we meet the challenges with innovation and enthusiasm as our state s leaders did for generations In order to implement the long lasting solutions that the current crises require thoughtful and earnest consideration of the critical issues will be indispensable We at IGPA see The Illinois Report 2009 as a unique medium for this policy discourse It highlights 10 crucial issues that continue to affect our state s overall well being and offers some possible solutions to consider Each issue each assessment each solution presents policy makers in Illinois with the chance to diligently examine ways to address the state s most serious problems In times of adversity the nation has looked to Illinois for guidance From Abraham Lincoln to Barack Obama Illinois has historically provided the nation with quality leadership and innovative solutions If Illinois is to remain a national leader it must act with deliberate speed to address the obstacles at home This critical moment awaits definition With a keen focus on respectful leadership and a disciplined consideration of the issues Illinois can begin to define this difficult time as one of opportunity and advancement Previous Next Illinois Report 2009 Opening Page Introduction The National Economic

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/intro (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 1: The National Economic Crisis and the Illinois Economy | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    began to experience an acute economic downturn when large companies and financial institutions that engaged in profitable but risky financial activity began to stumble and in some cases close down As a result the federal government adopted aggressive measures including multi billion dollar bailouts to those companies that were failing J Fred Giertz discusses the impact of the national crisis on the Illinois economy transcript PDF Read the entire chapter PDF Experts now agree that the U S is in recession potentially since October 2007 Though many disagree on how long this downturn will last most believe that it will be more severe than the recessions of 1990 and 2001 and will last at least through the first half of 2009 Both fiscal and monetary responses are necessary though the drop in the price of oil acted as a small stimulus package for the economy Though Illinois is not as hard hit as some other states which rely on automobile and other manufacturing the state of the worldwide economy will have an effect on Illinois nonetheless Moreover while other states made sure that times of financial prosperity resulted in balanced or surplus budgets Illinois has entered the recession with an out of balance budget The University of Illinois Flash Index provides data to support these findings with respect to Illinois The Flash Index has tracked Illinois economy for 13 years and shows steady decline through November 2008 the latest figure at the time of The Illinois Report s publication the current Flash Index reading can be found here when the Index reached 100 a reading that indicates no economic growth Already this recession is more severe than those in 1990 and 2001 and could continue and stall economic growth in Illinois for at least another two years Previous Next Illinois

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch1-economy (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 2: Illinois' Fiscal Future and the State's Economy | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    required rolling spending into following years Currently the budgetary situation in Illinois is severe and it may worsen in the future because of three factors First because state revenue is so closely tied to the performance of the economy revenue will fall as the economy declines Second revenue and spending obligations in the state might grow at different rates and if spending obligations outweight revenue the state will face an even larger structural deficit Finally changing demographic factors in the state will affect both revenue and spending in the long term Cyclical deficits continue to harm the state s budget by reducing revenue on the one hand and decreasing the value of investments assets held for pensions on the other Moreover structural deficits continue to plague the budgets because revenue continues to fall deeper and deeper below the level of expenditures Finally the changing age distribution of both the residents of Illinois as well as the nation promise to augment the problems of cyclical and structural deficits Changing patterns of consumption taxation and a shrinking labor force all contribute negatively to the state s ability to gather adequate amounts of revenue The authors illustrate the link between the budget and the economy by using the example of budgetary spending on transportation infrastructure in the state and how it influences the state s economy They find that the most important transportation infrastructure in the state is highway development and that increasing highway usage in the City of Chicago has spurred several new sources of revenue for the state including revenue from the taxation of motor fuel Nevertheless the authors note that taking the entire picture of transportation infrastructure together facts like the increase in the use and cost of motor fuel actually deepens the financial problems Illinois transportation institutions find themselves

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch2-fiscal (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 3: The Illinois Economy - Taxing Business | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    Anderson discusses Illinois corporate tax structure transcript PDF Read the entire chapter PDF Though Illinois has experienced a low level of employment growth in recent years it has also seen an increase in Gross State Product This means that Illinois companies are becoming moreefficient because decreases or stagnation in the labor force is nevertheless being followed by increased production Nonetheless examining Illinois business tax structure can help to elucidate what kind of progress can be made in Illinois with respect to fostering business Different kinds of businesses are taxed differently in Illinois though often many of them receive the same exemptions and deductions such as the deduction for lost profits in previous years Additionally Illinois has recently adopted a series of laws that reduce and or simplify business taxes in the state For instance Illinois uses SSF single sales factor to tax businesses which means that a single calculation how many sales the company has made in Illinois is used to determine what kinds of taxes this company will pay There are four main types of businesses affected by these tax structures C corporations large to mid size companies owned by shareholders S Corporations 100 shareholders or less Limited Liability Corporations most suitable for single owner companies and partnerships companies with two or more members among whom profit is shared Each of these is taxed at a different rate with the rates for C corporations being the highest at 7 3 percent Given the experience of Illinois and other states and information about taxpayers concerns replacing the corporate income tax with a progressive individual income tax will better the business environment and economy of Illinois By getting rid of the corporate income tax businesses would be heavily encouraged to do business in Illinois and the legal structure of Illinois tax

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch3-business-taxes (2016-02-17)
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