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  • Chapter 4: Racial Residential Segregation and Exclusion in Illinois | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    communities throughout Illinois Maria Krysan discusses her findings transcript PDF Read the complete chapter PDF Levels of residential segregation in the Chicago metropolitan area are strikingly similar to those of cities outside Chicagoland In Chicago and the surrounding region 82 of communities can be classified as either moderately or highly segregated in other Illinois cities this figure is 90 Trends of housing segregation in non metropolitan areas of the state hold surprisingly close to the trends in the state s larger city centers Many of these municipalities simply do not have enough minority populations to enable accurate calculation but in those small town communities where some racial diversity does exist the vast majority of neighborhoods are moderately to highly segregated The reasons for this sheer lack of any type of racial or ethnic diversity within many smaller communities throughout Illinois are up for debate This absence of African Americans from many places in the state are not simply a matter of demography migration or market forces but to the lingering legacy of formal and informal segregationist policies created to drive out or keep out black families While the official practices of these Sundown Towns so named because of their usual policy of no coloreds after dark have faded into the past informal policies and persistent reputations of communities as unwelcoming of African Americans mean that the consequences of these earlier policies and practices continue The causes of segregation are coplex and inter related making it difficult at best t osolve the problem with a single remedy But some ideas are worth attention such as support for testing and prosecuting cases of discrimination in the buying and renting of housing and in securing mortgages or property insurance and working to create policies that provide resources for community based organizations that work

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch4-segregation (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 5: Promising Strategies for Improving K-12 Education in Illinois | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    allocation strategies available to state educational policymakers is the development of the educator work force in Illinois This strategy while complex can be a high leverage policy option it can help enhance the capabilities of teachers school leaders and other educational personnel who are essential for successfully implementing programs that can improve student achievement Benjamin Superfine discusses this chapter s focus transcript PDF Read the complete chapter PDF Improving instruction and promoting innovation within schools is vital to the continued advancement of our primary and secondary school systems The development of teachers skills and knowledge is central in achieving this goal as educational quality ultimately begins and ends with the teachers and the level of their instruction Recent research has indicated that work force development can significantly improve school quality on a large scale and in low income communities Educational policymakers in Illinois have made concerted efforts to enhance the overall teacher and school leader work force across the state These efforts have included adoption of improved professional standards and creation of incentives to increase recruitment of new teachers in high needs areas These initiatives however have still failed to improve the overall quality of Illinois school work force Compared to other Midwestern states the level of teacher professional development in the state lags behind Further a recent study has shown Illinois to have taken little action to improve its school leadership workforce Despite Illinois relative lack of sustained teacher development efforts there are several policies that could be implemented to help improve this situation Some of these initiatives would include efforts to attract talent to Illinois and develop the size of work force supply enhance allocation and placement decisions promote on the job development and set compensation and incentives for educators These policies are all innovative possibilities for overall

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch5-education (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 9: Emergency Preparedness in Illinois | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    of such uncertainty it is the task of state government agencies and first responders to ensure that Illinois is using its resources to ensure it is well prepared Patricia Rushing discusses emergency preparedness in Illinois transcript PDF Read the complete chapter PDF For state and national agencies across the country the threat of terrorism looms large In Illinois federal homeland security dollars are distributed through the Illinois Terrorism Task Force an organization which in conjunction with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency develops the overall security strategy for the state The ITTF not only trains and prepares local units for nearly any terrorism situation it also allows the state to keep emergency responders prepared to react to any possible disaster scenario in the state The evidence shows that Illinois makes good use of its federal dollars for these purposes Vulnerabilities still exist across the state problems that policy makers should consider in their emergency preparedness planning The state of Illinois remains a transportation and shipping hub and the state must strengthen its transportation infrastructure and freight monitoring systems Emergency communications and public notification systems are other areas for improvement Agencies should work to secure backup emergency power for all priority emergency alert system sites and revive the program to provide tone alert radios at public places to notify people of weather and homeland security warnings Compared to other states Illinois is exemplary in its overall disaster preparedness system Federal authorities have called Illinois mutual aid structure specialized response teams and its inclusive and efficient terrorism task force models for the rest of the nation It can be safely said that Illinois is better prepared today than it was prior to the attacks of September 11 2001 or Hurricane Katrina s devastation of the Gulf Coast Policymakers must not forget however that

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch9-emergency-prep (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 10: The Evolution and Application fo Digital Divide Research | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    transcript PDF Read the complete chapter PDF ICT is a tool that can enhance the capacity and potency of local state and national social and economic networks It is also a factor that can further reinforce existing social inequalities but the digital divide is not a phenomenon that can be understood as a simple issue of haves and have nots This problem must be viewed as a spectrum the space between the reality of persistent social political and economic inequality at one end and the ideal of full participation in a networked democratic society at the other There is a general consensus that a community oriented approach to address digital divide objectives with a particular focus on the role of community technology centers CTCs is one of the most effective methods for addressing digital divide objectives These centers are mainly urban targeted to low income population and are usually a part of larger community organizations CTCs have great potential in underserved communities but their success is reliant upon high community awareness and involvement as well as efforts to ensure the centers are organizationally sustainable Illinois is no different than the other 49 states or the rest of the world as it faces the challenges of the digital divide data on basic access across the state indicates that a major gap still exists along socio economic lines Illinois current strategy for combating this problem is contained in the Illinois Eliminate the Digital Divide Law Three features of the Illinois program differentiate it from many other state based initiatives These include fostering collaboration between established and emerging CTCs broadening the definition of underserved to include urban and rural communities and encouraging statewide coordination to ensure long term sustainability As the role of ICT in the economy increases technological literacy becomes a necessity

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch10-digital-divide (2016-02-17)
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  • Chapter 11: Some Implications of the 2008 Presidential Election; Three Brief Observations | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    a few of the myriad ways in which the election of the nation s 44 th president will change politics things for years to come Brian J Gaines discusses the findings of this chapter transcript PDF Read the full chapter PDF Throughout the primary season and in the lead up to the general election many questions still lingered about the Obama candidacy s most obvious defining factor the candidate s race After his decisive win in Iowa silenced many pundits concerned about inherent racial biases and a possible Bradley Effect these and other issues re entered the battle between McCain and Obama in the summer and fall While race played a defining role for the duration of the 2008 campaign season it is still unclear to what extent it affected the election s outcome and whether it will continue to affect President Obama as he attempts to bring the nation out of economic malaise The campaign finance landscape will never look the same not after the Obama campaign s record setting fundraising and spending efforts Future campaigns will likely see the public financing system as politically unviable and will certainly use the Obama model in forming their own fundraising schemes There are also lessons to be learned and applied in Illinois own quest to reform campaign finance and ensure all fundraising is legitimate Decreasing the influence of special interest groups and strengthening support among small donors was one of the Obama campaign s most lasting lessons and encouraging small individual donors is a concept Illinois policymakers should investigate further Early and absentee voting quickly became a hallmark of the autumn election season in 2008 These convenience voting options had wide ranging impacts on campaign media strategy get out the vote efforts and persuasion among the ranks of the undecided The

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/IR09/ch11-election (2016-02-17)
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  • Illinois Still in the "Penalty Box' | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    IGPA The analysis also indicates that this financial condition penalty could more than double in future years if the crisis continues And when future capital needs are included the estimated penalty could grow to more than 400 million per year according to the study This analysis aims to quantify the costs of Illinois deteriorating fiscal health in the bond markets what we are calling a financial condition penalty said Martin J Luby an IGPA visiting scholar who completed the analysis Analyzing the relative bond prices the state receives in the financial markets over time allows us to assess how investors perceive the state s changing financial condition Luby compared prices received from the state s Jan 14 bond sale with prices received for state bonds sold in 2006 when Illinois credit ratings were far better controlling for other complicating factors The January sale brought actual prices that ranged between 98 percent and 114 percent of par value Using the counterfactual conditions from 2006 the prices would have ranged between 104 percent and 127 percent of the par amount Based on these individual bond prices the total dollars the state received for the 2016 bonds was just over 514 9 million nearly 53 millionless than it would have received had the bonds carried the relative prices of 10 years ago according to Luby s analysis This analysis is part of IGPA s continuing Fiscal Futures Project Putting a dollar amount on the impact of the state s financial condition hopefully helps policymakers and the public better understand the costs of the state s lack of action in improving its fiscal health said Luby Recent analyses indicate that Illinois will need to issue much more annual debt than in the past to address its growing infrastructure needs as much as 4 billion

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library/illinois-still-penalty-box (2016-02-17)
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  • Improving Budget Practices in Illinois | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    Illinois Author s Richard F Dye David F Merriman New research finds that Illinois does not follow basic principles of sound budgeting recommended by fiscal experts and suggests ways that Illinois and other states can reform practices to avoid fiscal crises in the future Two reports from a team of researchers from IGPA and the Volcker Alliance demonstrate ways states can improve transparency and accountability A working paper released by the Volcker Alliance a nonpartisan organization established in 2013 by former Federal Reserve Board Chairman Paul A Volcker sets forth six basic principles of sound budgeting for states and provides ten recommendations for improved budgetary transparency including disclosure of 1 the use of one time revenue sources to cover recurring expenditures 2 deferrals of spending and 3 underfunding of infrastructure maintenance and public worker retirement obligations Read the Volcker Alliance s paper here PDF In order for elected officials to be able to govern effectively and citizens to be accurately informed about policy choices states have to provide comprehensible information about their budgets said William Glasgall Director of State and Local Programs for the Volcker Alliance This paper highlights some existing best practices and demonstrates the direction states need to be heading Researchers from IGPA s Fiscal Futures Project found that Illinois budget practices are badly in need of reform They assert The buy now pay later content choices of the past were facilitated even disguised by then existing procedural and reporting practices Reform of these practices would improve budget transparency and accountability and help prevent Illinois from getting into such dire fiscal straits in the future The IGPA team suggests five concrete steps that Illinois can take today 1 Refine and expand multiyear budget planning 2 Require meaningful fiscal notes to accompany legislation 3 Modify cash only budget reporting

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/library/improving-budget-practices-illinois (2016-02-17)
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  • Transparency and Accountability in State Budgeting | Institute of Government and Public Affairs
    of Government and Public Affairs and the Volcker Alliance Never has there been such a critical need to improve states fiscal procedures Despite a national economic rebound fiscal strains have continued to dog many state governments Illinois in particular This event will be devoted to identifying state budget practices that facilitate public understanding of the true nature cost and consequences of tax and spending policy choices and others that do not In his preface to the Volcker Alliance s recent report Truth and Integrity in State Budgeting former Federal Reserve Board Chairman Paul Volcker wrote The continued fiscal stress is tempting states to continue and even intensify budgeting and accounting practices that obscure their true financial position shift current costs onto future generations and push off the need to make hard choices on spending priorities and revenue practices Little can be done to undo the consequences of choices in past years to spend more than was flowing in choices enabled by confusing budget reporting practices Little can be done to change the brutal reality that states like Illinois still have to adopt some combination of large spending cuts and large revenue increases But improved budget practices could clarify the need to make the tough choices sooner rather than later and avoid making things even worse Program and Participants 8 30 AM 8 45 AM Welcome Christopher Z Mooney IGPA Director Introductory remarks Richard Ravitch former Lieutenant Governor of New York and co chairman of the State Budget Crisis Task Force 8 45 AM 9 45 AM Results from recent research Moderator William Testa Vice President and Director of Regional Research Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Beyond the Basics Best Practices in State Budget Transparency Katherine Barrett and Richard Greene Special Project Consultants to the Volcker Alliance Improving Budgetary Practices in

    Original URL path: http://igpa.uillinois.edu/event/transparency-and-accountability-state-budgeting (2016-02-17)
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