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  • Female Initiation, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    of the onset of menstruation This important moment is accompanied by guidance offered by a girl s mother or other closely related women In some African groups activities are more organized but differ significantly from boys initiation Girls are usually secluded in their own communities rather than in an isolated camp in the wilds and rather than inculcating secret knowledge language and performance forms girls usually learn about sexuality the

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/education-initiation/female-initiation/ (2016-02-13)
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  • The Changing Face of African Art, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    adapt to new challenges and develop different strategies for dealing with the unpredictability of life While many Africans use art to solve the same kinds of problems their ancestors faced many others have adapted to life under colonial governments to life after independence in 1958 62 and to life in contemporary African cities Change has been brought about by contact between one people and another since the beginning of time

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/key-moments-in-life/the-changing-face-of-african-art/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Syncretic Initiation, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    the earliest circles of mystical knowledge available through the Sufi brotherhoods of western Africa see Roberts and Roberts 2003 Islam and African religions sometimes converge as when Baga masks that once performed in initiation now portray al B rak the winged horse with a woman s head that transported the Prophet beyond the seventh heaven Lamp 1996 Christianity has taken its own wholly African forms as well Nowhere is this

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/education-initiation/syncretic-initiation/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Checks and Balances, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    Congo Luba peoples Chief s staff Wood metal H 104 cm 41 Seattle Art Museum Gift of Katherine White and the Boeing Company 81 17 874 A recurring misconception about African kingdoms is that power rests in the hands of a king who sits at the summit of a political hierarchy In fact precolonial African political systems often were governed not by a single imperial center but rather by a

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/governance/checks-and-balances/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Afro-Portuguese Ivory, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century The carvers of the stone images just described also made ivory items such as spoons hunting horns and saltcellars for the Portuguese sailors and traders who were then sailing down the west coast of Africa in their effort to discover a passage to India and the Orient They are called Afro Portuguese ivories These are the earliest form of African tourist art we

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/ancient-africa/afro-portuguese-ivory/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Akan, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    State University formerly University of Iowa Ghana Asante peoples Vessel Early mid 20th century Ceramic H x W x D 25 4 x 21 x 21 cm 10 x 8 1 4 x 8 1 4 in Gift of Emil Arnold 69 35 36 Photograph by Franko Khoury National Museum of African Art Smithsonian Institution Among the Akan speaking peoples of southern Ghana and adjacent Côte d Ivoire ritual pottery and figurative terracottas are used in connection with funeral practices that date at least to the 1600s Some of these traditions continued to the 1970s One tradition known as abusua kuruwa family or clan pots employs highly decorated forms of domestic pottery This Asante example with a long cylindrical neck and multi lobed stopper is typical Although these are often kept in shrines or stool rooms for use as water or medicine containers their most important use is in funerals All of the relatives of the deceased shave their heads and their hair along with the hair of the deceased is placed in the pot as a symbol of the matrilineal clan unity The ladder depicted on the side of the pot refers to a proverb about the inevitability of

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/ancient-africa/akan/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Weddings, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    many cases have had preparation for marriage as an explicit goal During wedding festivities the role of women in society is often exalted for after all life does begin with mother Among Baga great D mba or Nimba sculptures portray a woman at the zenith of her strength and powers Lamp 1996 These figures possess a quiet dignity the elaborate hairdo of an adult scarification that evokes beauty and accomplishment

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/education-initiation/weddings/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Public Art, Page 1 - Art & Life in Africa - The University of Iowa Museum of Art
    peoples Mask Wood H 50 8 cm 20 Detroit Institute of Arts Bequest of W Hawkins Ferry 1988 191 Political authority in Africa often takes the dual form of a public visible dimension and a secret invisible one The two sided nature of power is expressed through masquerades of the Cameroon Grasslands where each local kingdom is supported and checked by a secret association called Kwifoyn that is its necessary

    Original URL path: https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/chapters/governance/public-art/ (2016-02-13)
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