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  • Activating the Observer: Movement, Rhythm, and Mind in the Architecture of Early 20th Century Russia | PennDesign
    not sharply distinguished academic subjects avant garde artists and architects understood the new society as a quasi experimental arrangement conjoined with the ambitious idea of a creative engagement with existence that would reorganize reality by means of new contexts and new conditions of visual perception Here the understanding of architecture is no longer bound to mere enclosure but to an experience of spatiality and experiencing is sought as a situation that allows for a measuring of emotive effects By introducing consciousness to experience the vague connotation of experience became transformed into a validating method of experimentation a conceptual leap from the mechanics of emotive effects to questions about the production of knowledge My hypothesis is that the implications of experimental psychology opened extraordinary vistas not only for the re conceptualization of the relation between observer and space but also for the Russian aesthetic discourse Examining the genesis of spatial conceptions such as Malevich s space of energy Ginzburg s space of dynamic movement Dokushaev Ladovskii s psychotechnical space creation and Nicholskii s volumetric spatiality will unfold the segue from a scientification of perception and experience into a scientification of architecture Constructivists for example saw psychology as something that could be reconfigured by the built environment and influenced by the architect Aesthetics is seen as fully determined by design along with other aspects of human life and behavior Rationalists on the other hand considered psychotechnics to evoke the desired response in the subject and to change the behavior through ideas infused by subjective mental responses to architecture Here aesthetics gains a certain metahistorical position and aesthetic aspects of design override purely functionalist concerns Thus architecture was understood not so much as an aesthetic object but rather as a functioning apparatus as process which was not based on objectivity but rather on

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/phd/work/activating-observer-movement-rhythm-and-mind-architecture-early-20th-century (2015-10-17)
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  • Anna Weichsel | PennDesign
    Weimar and the Technical University Dresden Prior to joining the PhD program at UPenn she was practicing architecture in Berlin as a principal of Weichsel Sollich Architekten Anna s research focuses on the intersection of art science and architecture in the 19th and 20th century Her dissertation centers on the architectural experimentation of early 20th century Russia and examines the conceptions of experimental experience of space bound to ideas of

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/graduate/people/anna-weichsel (2015-10-17)
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  • 50 Years in Books by Penn Architecture PhDs | PennDesign
    information is inaccurate please contact Ariel Genadt arge design upenn edu Alums Please join us on Facebook https www facebook com groups 98094951834 50 Years in Books The List Industrial Archeology A New Look at the American Heritage Theodore Anton Sande New York Penguin Books 1978 Space in Architecture The Evolution of a New Idea in the Theory and History of the Modern Movements Cornelis van de Ven Assen Van Gorcum 1978 Monsters of Architecture Anthropomorphism in Architectural Theory Marco Frascari Savage Md Rowman Littlefield 1991 Ontology of Construction On Nihilism of Technology in Theories of Modern Architecture Gevork Hartoonian Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1994 Ensaio sobre a razão compositiva uma investigação sobre a natureza das relações entre as partes e o todo na composição arquitetônica in Portuguese Edson da Cunha Mahfuz Viçosa Universidade Federal de Viçosa Belo Horizonte AP Cultural 1995 Gottfried Semper Architect of the Nineteenth Century A Personal and Intellectual Biography Harry Francis Mallgrave New Haven CT Yale University Press 1996 To Live in the New World A J Downing and American Landscape Gardening Judith K Major Cambridge Mass MIT Press 1997 Plumbing Sounding Modern Architecture Nadir Lahiji and Daniel S Friedman Editors New York Princeton Architectural Press 1997 The Salk Institute Daniel S Friedman and Ezra Stoller New York Princeton Architectural Press 1999 Kenchikugai no shiko kon wajiro ron in Japanese Izumi Kuroishi To kyo ドメス出版 Domesushuppan 2000 Modern Color Modern Architecture Amédée Ozenfant and the Genealogy of Color in Modern Architecture William W Braham Burlington VT Ashgate 2002 Tilting House Launching Slide Hauling Potato Trenching and Other Tales from a Newfoundland Fishing Village Robert Mellin New York Princeton Architectural Press 2003 New Classicism The Rebirth of Traditional Architecture Elizabeth Meredith Dowling New York Rizzoli 2004 De Architectura Vitruvio ferrarese la prima versione illustrata in Italian Claudio Sgarbi and Vitruvius Pollio Modena F C Panini 2004 Utopias and Architecture Nathaniel Coleman Abingdon England New York Routledge 2005 The Problem of the House French Domestic Life and the Rise of Modern Architecture Alex Thomas Anderson Seattle University of Washington Press 2006 Aeolian Winds and the Spirit in Renaissance Architecture Academia Eolia Revisited Barbara Kenda Editor London Routledge 2006 Gio Ponti and Carlo Mollino Post War Italian Architects and the Relevance of Their Work Today Jio ponti to karuro mori no Domusu eno michinori Japanese Translation Keith Evan Green New York Mellen Press 2006 Medici Gardens From Making to Design Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania Press 2008 Architectural Spatiality The Dialectic between the Concepts of Raum and Bekleidung Tonkao Panin Saarbrücken Germany VDM Verlag Dr Müller 2009 Figures of Death and Life in the Architecture of Grandjean de Montigny Resemblances Homologies and Remembrances as Epistemic Devices in Creative Processes Milton Vitis Feferman Saarbrücken Germany VDM 2009 Towards a Draped Architecture Theatricality Virtuosity and Ambiguity in Contemporary Architecture Açalya Allmer Saarbrücken Germany VDM Verlag Dr Müller 2009 Intimate Metropolis Urban Subjects in the Modern City Vittoria Di Palma Diana Periton and Marina Lathouri Editors New York Routledge

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/phd/50-years-books (2015-10-17)
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  • Simply American: Simplicity in Architectural Arrangement, Construction, And Standards, 1820-1920 | PennDesign
    the aforementioned characterization of the architecture by considering the desire for simplicity found in the arrangements prescriptive literature construction drawings and trade manuals The first part arrangement focuses on simple architectural elements such as stairs porches and furniture that make an ensemble of rooms These ensembles approximate simple houses and simple school buildings The second part focuses on construction from two aspects first construction concerning what Gustav Stickley called the primitive structural idea and second incorporating simple ventilation techniques for comfort The third part focuses on standards that were codified in trade manuals by appropriating traditional techniques In the American context simplicity as an intention of building upon what is fundamental has an origin in rural locations which were seen to have humble architecture and preserve traditions The case studies are from known proponents of simple design and architecture namely the Quakers Shakers A J Downing Stickley Edward Bok The Ladies Home Journal traditional rural architecture and Frank Lloyd Wright This hermeneutical interpretation considers texts drawings and extant buildings to understand the 19th century s desire for architectural simplicity in order to look back on architectural traditions and bring them into contemporary architecture Team Fred Esenwein Support Work Like This

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/phd/work/simply-american-simplicity-architectural-arrangement-construction-and (2015-10-17)
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  • Fred Esenwein | PennDesign
    Simplicity in Architectural Arrangement Construction and Standards 1820 1920 He received his B Arch and Master of Science in Architecture from Virginia Tech where he was the Henry Adams Medal recipient as an undergraduate and published his masters thesis titled The Organic Imagination and Louis Kahn He has taught at Virginia Tech the University of Pennsylvania and at the Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture during the summers at Taliesin

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/graduate/people/fred-esenwein (2015-10-17)
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  • Architecture's Territorial Ambitions, ca. 1929: Rockefeller Center and Broadacre City | PennDesign
    value the show s content and venue could not be more dissonant Begun in 1929 Rockefeller Center is an unequivocal statement on urban concentration conceived as a marriage of cultural and commercial interests capable of accommodating Manhattan s hyper concentration of people and capital first envisioned in 1930 Broadacre City abandons the existing American metropolis in favor of radical decentralization embodying its architect s rural agrarian democratic ideals This dissertation looks beyond these apparent incongruities and treats these projects as opposing poles of the same endeavor to gain control materially and conceptually over the early twentieth century s urban regional even national territories By juxtaposing these two projects and contextualizing them within changing relationships among the city suburbs and surrounding region this study explores the limits of architects ability to exercise influence over expanded physical and ideological terrain Rather than focus on the singular creative activities of the individuals involved this study will detail the projects emergence from a shared set of historical conditions Rockefeller Center and Broadacre City occupy pivotal positions within contemporary attempts by architects designers planners and critics to organize the built environment around a rapidly expanding industrial economy new modes of transportation innovations in communications technology and attendant social transformations The relationship between the two projects can best be clarified through the concept of territory understood here as a historically situated relationship between a specific place and the economic social geographical legal political technical and discursive practices that govern it My argument is that each project deploys architecture which must be understood here to include not only formal and spatial qualities but also organizational technological infrastructural and environmental concerns as a primary means through which to order the urban regional even national territory Team Joseph Watson Support Work Like This Explore Cross Disciplinary Connections Re envisioning

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/phd/work/architectures-territorial-ambitions-ca-1929-rockefeller-center-and-broadacre (2015-10-17)
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  • Joseph Watson | PennDesign
    Current Undergraduates Current Graduate Students Current Doctoral Students Faculty and Staff Alumni Search form Search Undergraduate Graduate PhD Work People Events Blog Resources Courses About Degrees Apply Share Share via Email Architecture Joseph Watson PhD Fellow in Architecture jwatson design upenn edu His research interest lies in the relationship between architecture and social political and economic change in the United States from the late nineteenth through the twentieth centuries He received an MA in Social Ethics from Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York and a BArch from the University of Tennessee Knoxville Prior to pursuing graduate studies he worked for architecture firms in Knoxville and Manhattan His dissertation titled Architecture s Territorial Ambitions ca 1929 Rockefeller Center and Broadacre City treats those two projects as embodiments of the limits and possibilities of competing claims for control over the early twentieth century American city and its environs Work and Research PennDesign at the 2014 SESAH Annual Meeting Blog Post PennDesign at the 9th Savannah Symposium Blog Post PennDesign PhD Candidate Awarded Penny White Grant Blog Post Architecture s Territorial Ambitions ca 1929 Rockefeller Center and Broadacre City Work Detail Support PennDesign Your contribution positively impacts our ability to

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/graduate/people/joseph-watson (2015-10-17)
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  • An Urban-Conscious Rapid Wind Downscaling Model for Early Design Stages | PennDesign
    This becomes especially challenging at early design stages when time expertise and computational resources are limited by default even though the room of performance enhancement is more available than later stages This dissertation develops a new wind downscaling model that can rapidly assess the impact of urban built environments with surrounding topographies and buildings up to a few kilometers in diameter Wind pressure on neighborhood boundaries and local wind speed are predicted with the new methodology which balances a prediction accuracy and a computational efficiency by incorporating the capacities of a computational fluid dynamics CFD simulation and of an existing mathematical method The proposed model is composed with two main parts The first part is the database algorithmic method for the initial pressure and the second part is the modified mathematical method for local wind speeds that refine the initial pressure for the final outcome The two part structure allows the flexibilities to develop them independently In the database algorithmic method topographies are accounted to predict the initial pressures To accelerate the prediction speed while using capacities of CFD simulations a database is defined with various topographic conditions and their CFD preprocessed pressure data The database is used with an existing interpolation algorithm for the pressure prediction as the result of the first part In the modified mathematical method urban buildings and streets are accounted to predict local wind speeds An existing mathematical method for wind localizations is modified by taking accounts of buildings on slopes through CFD simulations For the final pressure outcome local wind speeds are used to refine the initial pressure from the database algorithmic method The new model showed an acceptable accuracy compared to the full scale CFD simulation for the same territorial scope while showing an exceptional computational efficiency Therefore a year long prediction can

    Original URL path: http://www.design.upenn.edu/architecture/phd/work/urban-conscious-rapid-wind-downscaling-model-early-design-stages (2015-10-17)
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