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  • Botnick (A.I. and Fay) Civil Rights Collection, ca. 1819-1993
    Mississippi and Arkansas His assumption of this position coincided with the murder of three civil rights workers in Neshoba County Mississippi Because two of the three victims were Jewish the ADL began to monitor the Ku Klux Klan KKK more closely In 1968 Mr Botnick was involved in a FBI plot to capture Klan bombers in Meridian During the ensuing battle one of the bombers was killed and another seriously injured Following this incident Mr Botnick became a frequent target of the KKK with the Klan continuing to monitor him into the early 1970s The FBI apprehended Klansman Byron de la Beckwith as he attempted to bomb the Botnick home in New Orleans in 1973 Despite the incident Mr Botnick continued to be an outspoken voice for civil rights in the Mississippi and Louisiana area through his efforts with the ADL He continued to hold his position in the organization until his retirement in 1992 He died in 1995 Anti Defamation League The Anti Defamation League ADL was founded in 1913 and is the self proclaimed world s leading organization in combating anti Semitism through its programs and services The ADL played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement because it was committed to the protection of the rights of all Americans A major task for the ADL was to combat renowned hate groups like the Ku Klux Klan KKK Scope and Content The collection consists of newspaper articles periodicals bumper stickers a photograph and various personal memorabilia collected by A I and Fay Botnick from the 1960s to the 1990s Because of Mr Botnick s connection to the ADL the majority of the materials in the collection document Anti Semitism and civil rights issues in Mississippi and Louisiana Box One consists of thirteen folders of materials The first three folders hold materials generated by the ADL These materials include newsletters a photograph and a folder of articles relating to Byron de la Beckwith Folder four consists of a partial book review of a Thurgood Marshall biography The fifth folder contains the memoir of A I Botnick in which he details the attempted bombing of his home by Beckwith in 1973 Folders six and seven contain bumper stickers and a sign pertinent to the Civil Rights Movement The remaining folders hold articles newsletters and periodicals collected by the Botnicks which document the ADL s role in the Civil Rights Movement and A I Botnick s experiences combating the KKK in Mississippi in the 1960s and 1970s Box two consists of two folders and two loose items The first folder holds an editorial cartoon that depicts the KKK and the ADL The second folder contains two slavery newspapers from the late nineteenth century A book of Christian Voters and Buyers League long playing records are included in this box as the first loose item The second loose item is a KKK rubber squeeze toy apparently used for a dog which reads Claw A Klansman This collection is an eclectic blend

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m338.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Children of the American Revolution, John Dodd Society Records Records, 1943-1962
    contact State societies are directed by state presidents who are appointed by the national president Among their functions are supervising local affiliates publishing monthly newsletters conducting annual state conferences in various cities around their states and participating in regional conferences in such locales as New Orleans Louisiana Atlanta Georgia and Jacksonville Florida Local groups called societies operate under the supervision of a senior president who must be a member in good standing of either the DAR or the Sons of the American Revolution SAR Societies are usually sponsored by a chapter local unit of the DAR and are open to both boys and girls Children from birth to eighteen years of age whose lineage can be traced to a man or woman who honorably served the cause of American Independence during the Revolutionary period are eligible for membership After their eighteenth birthday members who so desire may transfer to the DAR or the SAR At this writing there are 45 state groups and 800 local groups with a total of 10 000 members The John Dodd Society of the Children of the American Revolution was founded in Hattiesburg Mississippi in April 1943 under the direction of the first senior president Mrs Robert M Ross who was appointed by the National Board of Management of the DAR Mrs Ross was a direct descendant of John Dodd a Revolutionary soldier born in Farquier County Virginia in 1759 Dodd served from 1774 until the end of the war including a stint in Captain Philip Lowe s company of volunteers in defense of the frontiers and as a drummer boy in General Greene s army under Captain Alex Dick In his capacity as drummer boy he was taken prisoner aboard the British ship Muskito He also served under General Thaddeus Kosciusko and his admiration for the general led Dodd s grandson to propose Kosciusko as a name for a town in Mississippi Attala County in the central part of the state Members of the John Dodd Society which was sponsored by the Norvell Robertson Chapter of the DAR were primarily children of DAR members The Society met monthly between September and May in the homes of members and at the initial meeting on April 10 1943 Mary Ann Greer was elected the first junior president Meetings consisted of a business session followed by a patriotic or historical presentation Musically inclined members often entertained the group as well Other activities of the society included packing Christmas boxes for the DAR owned Kate Duncan School in Grant Alabama and participating in civic projects such as planting a cork oak tree at Hattiesburg s Kamper Park in 1954 Due to declining interest the John Dodd Society was disbanded apparently in the mid to late 1960s Scope and Content This collection is comprised of materials pertinent to the John Dodd Society of the Children of the American Revolution and with the exception of a brief history of the Society written by Mrs John M Frazier in about 1962

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m101.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Chatham (W.L.) Letter, 1864
    No biographical information is available on W L Chatham Scope and Content This letter dated March 8 1864 was written by W L Chatham to Sis who the donor has identified as Nancy Elizabeth Searcy Chatham is writing from the mountains of Jefferson County Tennessee where he is in the Confederate Army guarding Bull s Gap Chatham comments upon the military situation in Virginia Tennessee and Georgia and expresses concern

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m078.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Caldwell (Erskine) Letters to Jac L. Tharpe, 1980; 1982
    of Southern Mississippi The letters are dated July 4 1980 January 14 1982 and April 29 1982 All are typewritten but signed in longhand by Mr Caldwell The topics of the letters are Tharpe s interest in Caldwell s work and an interview with Mr Caldwell conducted by Dr Tharpe in 1971 The interview is cataloged as Volume 13 of the USM Oral History Program A portion of the interview

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/caldwell.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Camp McCain, Mississippi World War II Slides, 1943
    War II The images were taken in the spring of 1943 while Lt Heacox was stationed at Camp McCain near Grenada Mississippi and portray various aspects of camp life The donor of the slides Janet Breuer is Lt Heacox s niece Digitized Contact Sheets Sheet 1 Sheet 2 Sheet 3 Sheet 4 For digital reproductions of these images contact spcol lib usm edu Accession Number AM07 13 Dates November 1943

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/campmccn.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Burns (Zed H.) Collection, ca 1699-1968
    1970 he earned an M A in history from Southern Mississippi where he also earned a Master s of Philosophy in English in 1982 After retiring from teaching at Southern Mississippi Dr Burns continued to contribute to the field of higher education He served as the head of the Psychology Department at Whitworth College in Brookhaven Mississippi from 1974 1976 and as Professor of History at Patrick Henry Junior College in Gilbertown Alabama from 1982 to 1984 Dr Burns always had a strong interest in history especially the history of the American Civil War He was an active member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans the Southern Historical Association and the Mississippi Historical Society as well as the Sons of the American Revolution His thesis for the history M A Ship Island and the Confederacy was published in 1971 he also published Confederate Forts in 1977 After a long career of service in education and scholarship Dr Burns passed away on November 27 1987 at his home in Hattiesburg Scope and Content This collection consists chiefly of photocopies of the notes of M James Stevens which Dr Burns used to write his M A thesis at the University of Southern Mississippi The thesis was later published as Ship Island and the Confederacy Hattiesburg 1971 Most of the Stevens notes are typed although some are handwritten These notes cover the history of Ship Island and its importance to the Mississippi Gulf Coast from information concerning the area s native population and French colonization to twentieth century efforts to preserve Fort Massachusetts on the western tip of the island The primary focus of the Stevens notes however is the various roles which Ship Island played in the American Civil War Confederate coastal defense Union blockading port and amphibious staging area and Union

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m026.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Branch (Raylawni) Collection, ca. 1960s, 1995
    Reserves in 1975 where she has achieved the rank of Lieutenant Colonel Raylawni returned to Hattiesburg in 1987 and enrolled in a Master s program at USM in 1988 She received her Master s Degree in Community Health Nursing with a minor in Education in 1993 She is presently working as an Instructor of Associate Degree Nursing at Pearl River Community College in Mississippi and has been married to Alf Branch for 32 years Scope and Content This collection contains materials collected by Mrs Raylawni Branch civil rights activist and one of the first two African American students at the University of Southern Mississippi Included in the materials are her family photos and various items pertaining to the Civil Rights Movement in Hattiesburg and other parts of Mississippi Most of the materials in the collection relate in some way to John Fawcett a close friend of Raylawni s and a volunteer in Mississippi during 1965 Fawcett worked as an assistant to Reverand Bob Beech of the Delta Ministry Project in Hattiesburg and helped the organization implement several programs Folder one contains Raylawni s family photographs and includes a photograph that appeared in the University of Southern Mississippi yearbook in 1965 Folder two consists of two publications The first publication is the Indiana Magazine of History Vol XC No 4 December 1994 with an inscription to Raylawni by John Fawcett who authored an article in the issue The second publication is The Struggle of Struggles by Vera Pigee 1979 in which a photograph of Raylawni appears on page 86 Folder three holds two items a letter from John Fawcett to Raylawni Branch June 19 1995 and a typed copy of Fawcett s Mississippi Essay which is written in the form of a letter to a World War II comrade In the essay Fawcett gives a personal account of his role in the Civil Rights Movement in 1965 and his experiences in and around Hattiesburg It is also dated 1995 Folder four is comprised of photocopies of three articles that appeared in the Hattiesburg American during 1965 which relate to civil rights issues These were given to Raylawni by John Fawcett and include his personal notes on the pages themselves Folder five contains two civil rights posters and a flyer also given to Raylawni by John Fawcett The CORE poster is cut in half and the Police poster has Fawcett s notes on the back Also included are three photocopies of the posters Folder six holds color photocopies of three scrapbook pages of photographs taken by John Fawcett during 1965 The photographs show various sites in Mississippi including Hattiesburg This collection should be of value to researchers interested in the life of one of USM s first two African American students as well as those researching the Civil Rights Movement in Hattiesburg Related Collections Mrs Raylawni Branch Oral History Interview vol 682 A print copy of the transcript is available in the McCain Library call number F341 5 M57 Photograph Log M335

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m335.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Breckinridge (John Cabell) Dispatch, 1862
    brigadier general in November under the command of Albert Sydney Johnston at Bowling Green Kentucky He retreated with the Confederate Army out of Kentucky early in 1862 took part in the battle of Shiloh Tennessee April 6 7 1862 and was appointed major general After service in several campaigns he was appointed Confederate Secretary of War by President Davis in February 1865 At the close of the war he fled the country and remained abroad lastly in Toronto Canada until 1868 when the federal government allowed him to return to Kentucky He practiced law in Lexington and became a railroad company executive Henry P Brewster was assistant adjutant general on the departmental staff of Albert Sydney Johnston In the Official Records his rank in March 1862 is given as that of captain Scope and Content On the verso of the item it is identified in a contemporary hand as Copy of Dispatch sent to Col H P Brewster at 9 o clock p m March 25 1862 Breckinridge informs Brewster in Corinth Mississippi of the presence of Union calvary west of Yellow Creek advancing on the old road on the southeast side of Chambers Creek Alcorn and Tishomingo counties and

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m073.html (2016-02-17)
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