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  • Kirkland (L. Clinton) Papers, 1886-1983
    while in Confederate service Shortly after the war his mother took the family to Mississippi to live with her father Sherrod Sholar He had relocated to Mississippi several years before and established a homestead on Tallahala Creek in southestern Jones County Elijah Thomas Kirkland grew up on his grandfather s farm and in 1878 married a Jones County native Samantha Ardella Tucker They established their own farm in southeastern Jones County near the present day town of Moselle They had ten children nine of whom survived to adulthood Samantha Ardella Tucker Kirkland died in 1933 Elijah Thomas Kirkland in 1937 Mary Jane Grantham b 1851 was the older sister of Elijah Thomas Kirkland J Brackin Kirkland 1892 1974 and Charles Hascal Kirkland 1884 1939 were two of his sons older brothers of L Clinton Kirkland Wilson Herrington was a distant cousin of the Kirklands Martin Van Buren Tucker was the father of Samantha Tucker Kirkland Other individuals represented in the collection include Jeff Collins a lawyer in Laurel Mississippi with whom Clinton corresponded during his administration of the E T Kirkland estate and Goode Montgomery also a Laurel lawyer who handled financial accounts for E T Kirkland Scope and Content The papers of L Clinton Kirkland consist of correspondence an autobiography other writings financial records deeds estate papers and collected family papers documenting Kirkland s life and work as a farmer in Jones County Mississippi and the history of the Kirkland family in the southern Mississippi Piney Woods region The collection is organized into two major subgroups the papers of L Clinton Kirkland himself comprising approximately half of the material and family papers he collected chiefly of his father and mother The heart of the L Clinton Kirkland collection is a handwritten autobiography of 132 pages written in 1978 Almost half of it is devoted to his childhood on the family farm in Jones County with detailed recollections of farm operations family life and community activities in the first decade of the twentieth century It also contains reminiscences of student days at the Southern Industrial Institute and recollections of military training at Camp Greene North Carolina World War I service in France and Germany and post war farm work in New York State It concludes with a brief account of his career as a farmer and Federal Land Bank appraiser in Mississippi A typewritten transcript is filed with the collection Notable items include an eleven page account of a bus tour to the Pacific Northwest Box 1 Folder 9 a high school composition book on roman history Box 1 Folder 10 records of his administration of his father s estate Box 1 Folder 13 21 and World War I photos Box 1 Folder 24 Also included is a fifty six page typewritten document single spaced consisting of excerpts from the correspondence between Kirkland and his older brother J Brackin Kirkland 1926 1937 Box 1 Folder 7 Much of the content pertains to their financial relationship it was J Brackin Kirkland

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m244.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Kitson (John) Letters, 1826-1837
    February 23 1826 is addressed to John Kitson It is a reply to an inquiry by Kitson concerning several legal matters including the details of a particular will no name and problems concerning the executors of the document The writer advises Kitson to be careful in his counsel concerning the will Also included in the letter are details concerning the divorce of a Reverend Hewlett an affair that also warrants caution on Kitson s part due to problems between Hewlett and the opposing counsel Mr Jones Finally the item offers insight into documentation of legal matters during the first half of the nineteenth century as the writer instructs Kitson on the preparation of legal briefs and depositions The letter is signed but unfortunately the name is illegible From the familiar tone of the contents however the author must have been a close associate of Kitson The second letter is addressed to John Kitson at the Registry Office Norwich and is dated March 2 1831 Written by Alex Stewart a lawyer based in Dumfries Scotland the letter concerns the affairs of James Craig also of Dumfries who apparently died on January 17 1767 Stewart wishes to be sent a copy of Craig s will as he believes the widow of James Craig is not the rightful heir to his property and land The alleged rightful heirs are Stewart s clients who are listed only as friends of Craig The third item is addressed to Richard Shaw of Gillingham Norfolk It is a double sheet of paper containing a printed document from the London Stamp Office on the front and a handwritten letter on the inside page The letter was apparently written by the attorney for Richard Shaw s estate Dated July 6 1831 the document from the Stamp Office is a

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m153.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Koenig (Ruth) Freedom Summer Collection, 1964–1994
    did not have children of their own In 1979 Ruth adopted an eleven year old girl from India named Sharma Throughout her career Ruth has worked on behalf of human rights environmental concerns and peace issues She has been active in numerous foreign relief efforts including Viet Nam Central American relief activities since the Contra War of the 1980s involvement in the Sanctuary Movement and four trips to Nicaragua On one trip to Nicaragua she assisted in rebuilding a village that had been destroyed by a hurricane A trip to South Africa in 1987 resulted in numerous speaking engagements and participation in South African solidarity groups Her career has also included service as community education coordinator and environmental program coordinator for the City of Eugene Oregon Ruth became coordinator of community education in 1974 at Lincoln School a school in the community s lower income area which served many types of individuals including elderly single parents and minorities After budget cuts in community education in 1994 Koenig became coordinator of Eugene s Stream Team working with volunteer labor of approximately four to five thousand people for water quality improvement projects Materials Ruth gathered in 1964 and 1966 while in Holly Springs survived a fire when her house burned in 1985 Many of these items although showing signs of smoke damage are now housed at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D C Ruth currently resides in Eugene Oregon Sources Contents of the Collection Koenig Ruth e mail interview July 15 2003 Dahl Kathleen PhD phone interview 2003 Dahl Kathleen Freedom Summer Collection M357 Rubin Larry An Oral History with Larry Rubin vol 11 Hattiesburg The University of Southern Mississippi November 11 1995 Internet Sources Scope and Content This collection consists of some original but primarily photocopies of materials that document the Civil Rights Movement and Freedom Summer in Holly Springs Mississippi Included are Ruth Koenig s journals from 1964 and 1966 photographs correspondence subject files and printed materials For the researchers convenience the collection has been divided into five series Series I Photographs hold fifteen computer scans of photographs taken in Holly Springs during Freedom Summer 1964 and 1966 One photo is of Ruth demonstrating in a picket line and others are of Freedom Summer volunteers and Freedom School students Series II Diaries consist of photocopies of Ruth s diaries and notes from her experiences during Freedom Summer 1964 and another diary from her brief 1966 Holly Springs visit Typescripts for the diaries are also included Series III Correspondence comprises letters sent to and written by Ruth Koenig from June 9 1964 to July 28 1989 Of special interest is a letter personally delivered to the White House on June 9 1964 Many letters are to Ruth after she left the Holly Springs project and contain information about the status of the project Series IV Topical Subject Files contain a variety of materials such as Freedom Summer reports minutes documents songs writings and a political cartoon There is also an inventory

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m362.html (2016-02-17)
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  • M362 Photograph Log
    Freedom House 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 B W 1964 Photo 5 Computer scan of a photograph showing left to right unidentified student Charlie Seals and Wayne Yancey at 100 Rust Avenue Freedom House Freedom School Students 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 B W 1964 Computer scan of a photograph of Freedom School students In the back James is far right and Charlie is far left Photo 6 Ruth Koenig with Picket Sign 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 Color 1966 Computer scan of a photograph of Ruth with a picket sign that reads Don t Spend Money Until They Hire You Photo 7 Freedom School Students 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 B W 1964 Computer scan of a photograph of children On the front row second from left is Charlie and then James Mary is center back Photo 8 Freedom Summer Students and Pam Parker 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 B W 1964 Computer scan of a photograph of Freedom Summer students and Pam Parker Delois Polk is second from right and Pam Parker is at the far right Photo 9 Two Boys on Bikes in Front of 110 Rust Avenue Freedom Center 4 5 8 x 6 1 2 B W 1964 Computer scan of a photograph of two boys on bikes in front of the 110 Rust Avenue Freedom Center Photo 10 Charlie Sitting at Base of a Tree 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 B W 1964 Computer scan of a photograph of Charlie sitting at the base of a tree Photo 11 Charlie Sitting at Base of a Tree 3 1 2 x 3 1 2 B W 1964 Computer scan of a photograph of Charlie sitting at the base of a tree Photo 12

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m362/m362photo.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Komisar (Lucy) Civil Rights Collection, 1961–1964, 1991
    and writing about feminism People who wanted to start their own chapter of NOW or other activist organizations often approached her for advice at the end of her lectures When feminism became a popular topic in American journalism Komisar made foreign politics her area of inquiry As a journalist and activist Lucy Komisar has many credits Her freelance work includes articles in New York Magazine The Nation The Progressive Village Voice Saturday Review Washington Monthly Newsweek Magazine New York Times Washington Post Christian Science Monitor Chicago Tribune Los Angeles Times San Francisco Chronicle The Atlanta Journal Miami Herald Boston Globe The Arizona Republic and The San Diego Union She is a member of PEN organization of poets playwrights essayists editors and novelists and was on the board of directors of PEN until 1996 Her participation in PEN included many years on the Freedom to Write Committee which supports writers editors and journalists who have been censored jailed or persecuted for their writing Komisar is the author of three books The New Feminism 1971 Down and Out in the U S A a History of Public Welfare 1973 and Corazon Aquino The Story of a Revolution 1987 Most of her recent writings deal with secret offshore banking procedures that relate to corporate money laundering and the funding of terrorist activities History of the Mississippi Free Press The Mississippi Free Press was an alternative newspaper published in Jackson Mississippi during the Civil Rights Era under the copyright of Hico Publishing 1072 Lynch Street Jackson MS Hico Publishing s application for incorporation dated September 30 1961 lists the main incorporators as William L Higgs and Reverend Robert L T Smith Higgs was a young white attorney from Jackson Smith an African American minister had recently qualified as a candidate in the congressional race against Congressman John Bell Williams At that time Hico Publishing boasted a board of officers entirely comprised of African Americans Reverend Robert L T Smith president Cornelius Turner vice president W J Thompson secretary and Dr A Benjamin Britton treasurer During its lifetime the Mississippi Free Press had five editors Charlie Butts Aaron Henry Henry J Kirksey Lucy Komisar and Paul E Brooks The Mississippi Free Press was published weekly during the years 1961 1973 State residents paid 3 for a yearly subscription and out of state subscribers paid 4 In the early 1960s it boasted an average circulation of 2 000 While much of the paper s writing and organization occurred in the back of a supermarket in Jackson Mrs Hazel Brannon Smith first printed the Mississippi Free Press on her printing press in Lexington Mississippi and received threats from the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission in return There were many other instances of police interference with the distribution of the journal and surveillance of the staff of the Mississippi Free Press by the Sovereignty Commission Thompson 74 The printing of the paper was later moved to Memphis Tennessee While the paper s audience was primarily African American the Mississippi

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m395.html (2016-02-17)
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  • The Ku Klux Klan in Jones County by Eleanor B. Lang, 1976
    Klan KKK is a fraternal organization that promotes white supremacy It was first established in the United States in 1866 just after the Civil War ended During the Civil Rights Movement era the KKK operated as a secret society that terrorized African Americans and other minority groups in an attempt to prevent desegregation They distributed propaganda materials organized pro segregation activities and often used violence to intimidate African Americans and Civil Rights activists The White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi formed as an offshoot of the Original Knights of Louisiana Each county in Mississippi housed a separate chapter of the KKK The Jones County Mississippi chapter of the KKK was an especially active and violent unit centered in Laurel Mississippi home of the Imperial Wizard Sam Bowers During the 1960 s this chapter of the Ku Klux Klan was responsible for many atrocious acts committed against Civil Rights activists and African Americans Sources Contents of the Collection Scope and Content This collection consists of a research paper entitled The Ku Klux Klan in Jones County written by Ms Eleanor B Lang in 1976 for Dr Kenneth G McCarty s History in Mississippi course in the Department of

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m416.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Kuhn (Francis X.) "Voices of Freedom Summer" Collection, 1999-2000
    and Songs of Reflection presented in Bennett Auditorium on the Hattiesburg campus of the University of Southern Mississippi on February 28 2000 Conceived written and directed by USM theater professor Francis X Kuhn Voices of Freedom Summer is a dramatic reading for four voices with guitar accompaniment which retells the story of Mississippi Freedom Summer 1964 in words from actual documents letters speeches and songs of the time The program

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/kuhn.html (2016-02-17)
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  • Kwanguvu (Umoja) Freedom Summer Collection, 1964, 1999
    of fervent white supremacists So he returned to Birmingham and taught high school English and French Kwanguvu spent much of his life as a civil rights activist He actively protested and defied segregation while in the military conducted protest activities against the prevailing Jim Crow attitudes and laws in the 1950s and was arrested in 1953 for drinking from a water fountain in Birmingham labeled white In 1961 Kwanguvu relocated to New York City and taught at an elementary school in Bellmore Long Island for three years In April of 1964 he was arrested along with James Farmer founder of the Congress for Racial Equality CORE while picketing the New York World s Fair because of inadequate and demeaning employment of non white people In the summer of 1964 Kwanguvu turned down a scholarship from Columbia University in order to participate in the Mississippi Freedom Summer activities He was so determined to play an active part in Freedom Summer that he neglected to inform his mother that he was going to Mississippi rather than attending Columbia University Kwanguvu volunteered as a Freedom School teacher He was assigned to the city of Hattiesburg and became a very respected and well liked figure among his Freedom School students He also had the distinction of being one of the few African American volunteers assigned to the Hattiesburg area project He was arrested on August 17 1964 for attempting to desegregate the Hattiesburg Public Library In addition he was in the company of two other Freedom School teachers Peter Werner and Susan B Patterson when Werner was attacked outside a Hattiesburg drug store Kwanguvu taught English in New York from 1967 to 1972 in one of President Lyndon Johnson s anti poverty programs Job Opportunities in Neighborhoods JOIN From 1972 until his retirement in 1994 he served as Coordinator of Student Affairs and College Wide Events at LaGuardia Community College a unit of the City University of New York After his retirement he served as recording secretary of the United Negro College Fund UNCF and in the late 1990s he served as a volunteer with City Harvest of New York an organization that gathers and distributes food for homeless people who occupy shelters within the city At various points in his career Kwanguvu found time to take classes at Wayne State University Southern University and the University of Connecticut Umoja Kwanguvu died March 19 2001 in Detroit following a struggle with cancer A memorial service was held in his honor on may 24 at LaGuardia Community College where he was a staff member for more than twenty years Sources Contents of the Collection An Oral History with Umoja Kwanguvu Mississippi Oral History Program Vol 738 University of Southern Mississippi June 8 1999 Scope and Content The Umoja Kwanguvu Freedom Summer Collection consists of five folders containing photographs and personal reminiscences of Kwanguvu s experiences as a Freedom School teacher in 1964 as well as photographs taken during the 35th anniversary of Freedom Summer celebration

    Original URL path: http://www.lib.usm.edu/spcol/collections/manuscripts/finding_aids/m366.html (2016-02-17)
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