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  • Astrophysics Investments for Planetary Science
    5 24 microns For information see http irtfweb ifa hawaii edu Facility We plan to commission iSHELL a new cross dispersed high resolution spectrograph for 1 5 microns during semester 2016A We are also upgrading MIRSI our 8 26 micron camera and it should be available during 2017A The IRTF offers remote observing from any site with adequate internet connection flexible scheduling time slots as short as one hour and

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/astrophysicsinvestments/IRTF/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Astrophysics Investments for Planetary Science
    keckobservatory org DPS Keck Workshop November 10 2015 Volcanoes on Io and Storms on Uranus Imke de Pater DPS Keck Presentation Greg Doppmann and Marck Kassis Mutual Orbits and Masses of Kuiper Belt Binaries and Multiple Systems Will Grundy et al NIRSPEC reads Mars water history Geronimo L Villanueva NASA Keck Access How Do I Get Time on Keck Dawn M Gelino Keck Observations of Pluto Complementing New Horizons Instrumentation

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/astrophysicsinvestments/Keck/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Astrophysics Investments for Planetary Science
    IRTF Keck PDS International Missions PDS DPS Astrophysics Assets Workshop PDS Organizer s Doris Daou Planetary Science Division NASA HQ Azalea 1 Gaylord National Harbor Planetary Data System PDS Tom Morgan Goddard Space Flight Center Managed for NASA by USRA

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/astrophysicsinvestments/PDS/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Astrophysics Investments for Planetary Science
    investigation approaches for possible extended mission science campaigns and any other scientific studies needed to maximize and complement Hisaki science return on the Jupiter system theme and the Juno Mission Membership as HISAKI GI will cover travel for up to three meetings in Japan No other funding is available and proposers should not request a budget in their submission The application material must consist of A proposal of up to four pages with details on how the proposed science investigation will complement Hisaki science objectives within the next two years Follow formatting guidelines given in Section 2 2 of the ROSES 2015 Appendix C 1 Planetary Science Research Program Overview A resume not to exceed two pages including relevant activities and publications Applications are solicited from individuals at U S based research and academic institutions Government laboratories and industry and from private individuals In order to assist with the planning for the review of proposals interested individuals are requested to submit a Notice of Intent NOI by the date given below The NOI will consist only of the 4000 character Summary which should describe briefly the investigation s to be performed Schedule for HISAKI Guest Investigator call Notices of Intent Due February 8 2016 11 59 PM Eastern Time Proposals Due February 29 2016 4 30 PM Eastern Time Proposal Peer Review March 2016 Final Selections Announced Late March April 2016 Overview of Hisaki Guest Investigator Program The Hisaki Guest Investigator Program provides membership to the Hisaki Team for science dialogue of planning of observations in other wavebands for complementary theoretical studies and if viable EUV observations of Venus and Mars as global systems Topics Hisaki Guest Investigators are invited to propose are To analyze Hisaki data from the beginning of science operations through its extended mission phase To analyze

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/astrophysicsinvestments/International-Missions/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Lunar Instruments
    effects by measuring heat flow rates in fluids test cells were used to detect convection or convective effects by measuring heat flow rates in fluids Comments Instrument Experiment Laser Ranging Retroreflector Acronym LRRR Observation Category earth moon system Measurement short pulse laser ranging Resolution Instrument Function measured lunar librations recession of moon from Earth and irregular motion of Earth Comments Instrument Experiment Liquid Transfer Demonstration Acronym LTD Observation Category fluid dynamics materials science Measurement Resolution Instrument Function demonstrated the transfer of liquid between baffled and unbaffled tanks Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Dust Detector part of ALSEP Acronym LDD Observation Category lunar dust Measurement power generation photovoltaic output of solar cells and temperature measured by 3 thermistors measurements were made over the course of each lunar day Resolution power output of each cell 0 150 mV temperature sensors had range of 84 408 K Instrument Function measured power generation from solar cells varying due to dust coverage Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology General Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function geological field work description sampling etc Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology Tools Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tools used in geological field work Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Portable Magnetometer Acronym LPM Observation Category lunar magnetometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured steady magnetic field at A 14 and A 16 sites Comments Instrument Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment Acronym MET UHT DRT FTT RTG LEC Observation Category general equipment Measurement Resolution Instrument Function various Comments Instrument Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment part of ALSEP Acronym PSE Observation Category lunar seismometry Measurement Resolution detected ground motions as small as 0 3 nm sensitivity was 0 008 mgal Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts and determine the internal structure physical state and tectonic activity of the moon Comments Instrument Experiment Soil Mechanics Acronym Tool used was Apollo Simple Penetrometer ASP Observation Category soil mechanics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function verified lunar soil models determine variability in lunar soil properties aid in interpretation of geology Comments Instrument Experiment Solar Wind Composition Acronym SWC Observation Category solar wind solar physics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface Comments Instrument Experiment Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment part of ALSEP Acronym SIDE Observation Category lunar atmosphere solar wind radiation lunar volcanology earth sciences magnetosphere Measurement positive ions Resolution Mass analyzer determined ion flux in 20 mass channels from 6 750 amu for 6 energies total ion detector detected higher energy ions in 20 steps over 10 3500 eV Instrument Function measured energy and mass spectra of positive ions flux and energy spectrum of positive ions in earth s magnetotail plasma interaction between solar wind and moon and electric potential of lunar surface Comments Instrument Experiment Thermal Degradation Sample Acronym TDS Observation Category materials of construction Measurement Resolution Instrument Function evaluated the effect of lunar dust on optical properties of 12 thermal coatings Comments Apollo 15 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 12 days 7 hours 12 minutes Launch Date 1971 Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector Acronym ALFMED Observation Category life sciences animal biology medical eyes cosmic radiation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts Comments Instrument Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package Acronym ALSEP PSE SIDE SWS LDD LSM HFE CCG Observation Category several Measurement varied Resolution varied Instrument Function various experiments including a Passive Seismic Experiment PSE Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment SIDE Solar Wind Spectrometer SWS Lunar Dust Detector LDD Lunar Surface Magnetometer LSM Heat Flow Experiment HFE and Cold Cathode Gauge CCG Comments Instrument Experiment Cameras various Acronym Observation Category visual documentation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Cold Cathode Gauge Acronym CCG Observation Category atmosphere Measurement pressures between 10 6 and 10 12 Resolution Instrument Function measured tenuous lunar atmosphere Comments Instrument Experiment Laser Ranging Retroreflector Acronym LRRR Observation Category earth moon system Measurement short pulse laser ranging Resolution Instrument Function measured lunar librations recession of moon from Earth and irregular motion of Earth Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Dust Detector Acronym LDD Observation Category lunar dust Measurement power generation Resolution Instrument Function measured power generation from solar cells varying due to dust coverage Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology General Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function geological field work description sampling etc Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology Tools Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tools used in geological field work Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Rover Vehicle Acronym LRV Observation Category rover Measurement average speed 10 km hr Resolution longest traverse 20 km A 17 Instrument Function extended the range so a greater variety of terrain could be visited Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Surface Magnetometer Acronym LSM Observation Category lunar magnetometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured magnetic field on lunar surface and determine deep interior properties of the moon Comments Instrument Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment Acronym MET UHT DRT FTT RTG LEC Observation Category general equipment Measurement Resolution Instrument Function various Comments Instrument Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment Acronym PSE Observation Category lunar seismometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts Comments Instrument Experiment Soil Mechanics Acronym Tool used was Self Recording Penetrometer SRP Observation Category soil mechanics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function verified lunar soil models determine variability in lunar soil properties aid in interpretation of geology Comments Instrument Experiment Solar Wind Composition Acronym SWC Observation Category solar wind solar physics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface Comments Instrument Experiment Solar Wind Spectrometer Acronym SWS Observation Category solar wind solar physics earth sciences magnetosphere Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured solar wind properties Comments Instrument Experiment Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment Acronym SIDE Observation Category lunar atmosphere solar wind radiation lunar volcanology earth sciences magnetosphere Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured energy and mass spectra of positive ions flux and energy spectrum of positive ions in earth s magnetotail plasma interaction between solar wind and moon and electric potential of lunar surface Comments Apollo 16 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 11 days 1 hour 51 minutes Launch Date 1972 Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Active Seismic Experiment Acronym ASE Observation Category seismology Measurement Resolution meters sensitive to 3 to 250 HZ Instrument Function internal profiling of moon to 460m depth Comments Instrument Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector Acronym ALFMED Observation Category life sciences animal biology medical eyes cosmic radiation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts Comments Instrument Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package Acronym ALSEP PSE ASE LSM HFE Observation Category several Measurement varied Resolution varied Instrument Function various experiments including a Passive Seismic Experiment PSE Active Seismic Experiment ASE Lunar Surface Magnetometer LSM and Heat Flow Experiment HFE Comments Instrument Experiment Cameras various Acronym Observation Category visual documentation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Electrophoretic Separation Acronym Observation Category materials science organics proteins Measurement Resolution Instrument Function demonstrated electrophoresis of large dense non biological particles to evaluate potential for separation of biological particles Comments Instrument Experiment Far UV Camera Spectrograph Acronym UVC Observation Category astronomy UV earth atmosphere aurora Measurement Resolution far UV range below 1600 angstrom 20 degree field of view in imaging mode 0 5 degree x 20 degree in spectrographic mode Instrument Function mini observatory that acquired imagery and spectra in far UV range Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology General Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function geological field work description sampling etc Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology Tools Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tools used in geological field work Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Portable Magnetometer Acronym LPM Observation Category lunar magnetometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured steady magnetic field at A 14 and A 16 sites Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Rover Vehicle Acronym LRV Observation Category rover Measurement average speed 10 km hr Resolution longest traverse 20 km A 17 Instrument Function extended the range so a greater variety of terrain could be visited Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Surface Cosmic Ray Experiment Acronym LSCRE Observation Category solar wind solar radiation cosmic radiation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function observed cosmic ray and solar wind nuclei and thermal neutrons Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Surface Magnetometer Acronym LSM Observation Category lunar magnetometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured magnetic field on lunar surface and determine deep interior properties of the moon Comments Instrument Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment Acronym MET UHT DRT FTT RTG LEC Observation Category general equipment Measurement Resolution Instrument Function various Comments Instrument Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment Acronym PSE Observation Category lunar seismometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts Comments Instrument Experiment Soil Mechanics Acronym Tool used was Self Recording Penetrometer SRP Observation Category soil mechanics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function verified lunar soil models determine variability in lunar soil properties aid in interpretation of geology Comments Instrument Experiment Solar Wind Composition Acronym SWC Observation Category solar wind solar physics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measured ion types and energies of solar wind on lunar surface Comments Apollo 17 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 12 days 13 hours 52 minutes Launch Date 1972 Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Apollo Light Flash Moving Emulsion Detector Acronym ALFMED Observation Category life sciences animal biology medical eyes cosmic radiation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tested the various theories of the origin of light flashes seen by astronauts Comments Instrument Experiment Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package Acronym ALSEP HFE LEAM LSG LACE LSP Observation Category several Measurement varied Resolution varied Instrument Function various experiments including a Heat Flow Experiment HFE Lunar Ejecta and Meteorites Experiment LEAM Lunar Surface Gravimeter LSG Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment LACE and Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment LSP Comments Instrument Experiment Cameras various Acronym Observation Category visual documentation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Heat Flow and Convection Acronym HFC Observation Category fluid dynamics materials science Measurement Resolution Instrument Function modified version of A 14 demonstration Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment Acronym LACE Observation Category atmosphere Measurement Resolution mass range 1 to 110 amu Instrument Function identified the composition and variation of lunar atmosphere Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Ejecta and Meteorites Acronym LEAM Observation Category lunar geology cratering micrometeorites Measurement Resolution Instrument Function detected secondary ejecta particles and primary micrometeorites Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology General Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function geological field work description sampling etc Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Geology Tools Acronym Observation Category lunar geosciences Measurement Resolution Instrument Function tools used in geological field work Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Neutron Probe Experiment Acronym LNPE Observation Category lunar dust radiation attenuation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function time integrated fluxes of thermal neutrons were measured Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Rover Vehicle Acronym LRV Observation Category rover Measurement average speed 10 km hr Resolution longest traverse 20 km A 17 Instrument Function extended the range so a greater variety of terrain could be visited Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment Acronym LSPE Observation Category lunar seismometry Measurement Resolution eight charges were deployed between 100 m and 3 5 km from four geophones Instrument Function determined internal characteristics of lunar crust to depth of several km Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Surface Cosmic Ray Experiment Acronym LSCRE Observation Category solar wind solar radiation cosmic radiation Measurement Resolution Instrument Function observed cosmic ray and solar wind nuclei and thermal neutrons Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Surface Gravimeter Acronym LSG Observation Category space physics lunar geology lunar gravimetry Measurement Resolution 1 part in 10 11 Instrument Function acquired very accurate measurements of lunar gravity and variation over time Comments Instrument Experiment Miscellaneous Tools and UHT Equipment Acronym MET UHT DRT FTT RTG LEC Observation Category general equipment Measurement Resolution Instrument Function various Comments Instrument Experiment Passive Seismic Experiment Acronym PSE Observation Category lunar seismometry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function designed to detect moonquakes and impacts Comments Instrument Experiment Soil Mechanics Acronym Observation Category soil mechanics Measurement Resolution Instrument Function verified lunar soil models determine variability in lunar soil properties aid in interpretation of geology Comments Instrument Experiment Surface Electrical Properties Acronym SEP Observation Category lunar geology geochemistry Measurement Resolution six frequencies from 1 to 32 1 MHz basic principal was interferometry Instrument Function measured dielectric constant and loss tangent of lunar regolith and provided information on subsurface structure Comments Instrument Experiment Traverse Gravimeter Experiment Acronym TGE Observation Category space physics lunar geology lunar gravimetry Measurement Resolution Instrument Function made relative gravity measurements in Apollo 17 landing area Comments Artemis Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 08 25 2010 Launch Date 2010 Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Electric Field Instruments Acronym EFI Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measure electric fields in magnetosphere Comments Instrument Experiment Electrostatic Analyser Acronym ESA Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measure thermal electrons and ions Comments Instrument Experiment Flux Gate Magnetometer Acronym FGM Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measure background magnetic field Comments Instrument Experiment Search Coil Magnetometer Acronym SCM Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measure magnetic field fluctuations Comments Instrument Experiment Solid State Telescope Acronym SST Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measures superthermal ions and electrons Comments Chandrayaan 1 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 10 22 2008 current Launch Date 2008 Responsible Agency ISRO India Instrument Experiment Chandrayaan 1 Imaging X ray Spectrometer Acronym CIXS Observation Category X ray Measurement 1 10 keV spectrum detecting X rays Resolution 25 km FWHM Instrument Function determine the major element composition of lunar surface material Comments Based on instrument flown on Smart 1 Instrument Experiment High Energy X ray Spectrometer Acronym HEX Observation Category X ray Measurement 30 200 keV Resolution 33 km FWHM Instrument Function study the emission of low energy natural gamma rays from lunar surface due to U and Th and their decay chain nuclides Comments Instrument Experiment Hyper Spectral Imager Acronym HySI Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement 400 900 nm Resolution 80 m Instrument Function mapping the mineralogy of moon s surface Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument Acronym LLRI Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement Resolution 10 m Instrument Function measurement of surface topography from polar orbit Comments Instrument Experiment Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar Acronym Mini SAR Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement Resolution 100 m Instrument Function polar water detection Comments Instrument Experiment Moon Mineralogy Mapper Acronym M3 Observation Category optical sensor near infrared imaging spectrometer Measurement 430 3000 nm 260 high res spectral channels 86 low res spectral channels 10 nm high res 20 40 nm low res Resolution 70 m pixel high res 140 m pixel low res 40 km field of view 640 spatial elements in FOV high res 320 spatial elements in FOV low res 25 coverage high res 100 coverage low res Instrument Function identify and map mineral composition across the surface Comments Instrument Experiment Near Infrared Spectrometer Acronym SIR 2 Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement 093 2 4 micrometers spectral resolution 6 nm angular resolution of 1 11 milliradians Resolution 100m Instrument Function measurement of surface mineralogy Comments Similar to instrument on Smart 1 Instrument Experiment Radon Dose Monitor Acronym RADOM Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function monitor the radiation environment in near moon atmosphere Comments Instrument Experiment Sub Atomic Reflection Analyzer Acronym SARA Observation Category low energy neutral atom LENA and solar wind monitor Measurement detect low energy 10 eV to 3keV Resolution mass resolution will allow distinction of H O Na Mg K Ca and Fe Spatial resolution of 100 meters Instrument Function measurement of neutral atoms sputtered from surface Comments Instrument Experiment Terrain Mapping Camera Acronym TMC Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement stereo triplet views in 0 4 0 9 micrometer band Resolution 5 m resolution Instrument Function generate high resolution maps of the lunar surface Comments Instrument Experiment X ray Solar Monitor Acronym XSM Observation Category x ray spectrometer Measurement energy range 1 20 keV 512 spectral channels Resolution spectral resolution 200 eV at 6 keV BOL Instrument Function measurement of solar x ray spectrum simultaneously with CIXS moon imaging Comments Chang e 1 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 10 24 2007 03 01 2009 Launch Date 2007 Responsible Agency China National Space Administration Instrument Experiment CCD Camera Acronym Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement Resolution 0 50 0 75 micrometers spectral range 120 m with swath width of 60 km Instrument Function obtains 3 D image of lunar surface Comments Instrument Experiment Charged Particle Telescope Acronym CPT Observation Category fields and particles Measurement Resolution flux and spectra of energetic protons 3 80 MeV and electrons 25 500 KeV Instrument Function study interaction of Earth s magnetotail and interplanetary shocks with the moon monitor solar wind and measure effects of incident particles on spacecraft solar cells and other sensors Comments Instrument Experiment Gamma Ray Spectrometer Acronym Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement 300 keV 9 MeV Resolution 9 at 662 keV Instrument Function measures gamma rays from surface elements irradiated by cosmic rays and those emanating from radioactive elements such as K Th and U Comments Instrument Experiment High Energy Solar Particle Detector Acronym Observation Category fields and particles Measurement Resolution protons with energies 4 400 MeV electrons with energies greater than 0 095 MeV and heavy ions such as He Li C Instrument Function analyze protons electrons and heavy ions during cruise to the moon and while in lunar orbit Comments Instrument Experiment Interferometer Spectrometer Imager Acronym Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement Resolution 0 48 0 96 micrometers with resolution of 200 m and a swath width of 25 6 km Instrument Function obtains multispectral images of lunar surface Comments Instrument Experiment Laser Altimeter Acronym Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement 200 m footprint 1064 nm laser wavelength Resolution 5 m ranging resolution Instrument Function measurement of altitude of spacecraft over the nadir point on the surface to produce topographic models Comments Instrument Experiment Microwave radiometer Acronym Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement 30 m 20 m 10 m and 1 m thickness frequencies of 3 7 8 19 35 and 37 GHz Resolution temperature resolution 0 5 K Instrument Function survey the thickness of lunar soil Comments Instrument Experiment Solar Wind Detector Acronym Observation Category fields and particles Measurement Resolution 0 5 20 keV Instrument Function analyze the flux of solar wind ions with energies up to 20 keV Comments Instrument Experiment X ray Spectrometer Acronym Observation Category geology and geophysics Measurement 0 5 60 keV Resolution 600 eV at 5 95 keV Instrument Function measures flux and energy of x rays emitted from lunar surface Comments Chang e 2 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 10 01 2010 Launch Date 2010 Responsible Agency China National Space Administration Chang e 3 Mission Type lander Mission Duration TBD Launch Date 2013 Responsible Agency China National Space Administration Clementine Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 01 25 1994 6 0 1994 Launch Date 1994 Responsible Agency DOD NASA USA Comments May 7 1994 thruster malfunction Instrument Experiment Bistatic Radar Experiment Acronym Bistatic Radar Observation Category radar Measurement 2 273GHz 13 19 cm wavelength Resolution Instrument Function transmitted unmodulated S band right circularly polarized signal through 1 1 meter high gain antenna Comments Instrument Experiment High Resolution Camera Acronym HIRES Observation Category visual documentation Measurement 400 800nm 415nm 560nm 650nm 750nm Resolution 7 20m Instrument Function intensified Thompson CCD camera with six position filter wheel Comments Instrument Experiment Laser Image Detection and Ranging System Acronym LIDAR Observation Category altimetry Measurement Resolution 40m vertical 100m horizontal Instrument Function measure the distance from the spacecraft to a point on the surface Comments Instrument Experiment Long Wave Infrared Camera Acronym LWIR Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function image darkside features on the moon and near Earth asteroid 1620 Geographos that phase cancelled due to equipment malfunction Comments Instrument Experiment Near Infrared Camera Acronym NIR Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function study surfaces of the moon and asteroid Geographos at six wavelengths in the near infrared spectrum Comments Instrument Experiment S Band Transponder Doppler Gravity Experiment Acronym Observation Category gravity Measurement 57000 observations made at less than 1000 km altitude Resolution Instrument Function used measurements of perturbations in motion of the spacecraft to infer lunar gravity field Comments Instrument Experiment Star Tracker Camera Acronym Observation Category visual documentation Measurement Resolution FOV 28 by 43 degrees entrance pupils 14 mm in diameter bandpass filters of 0 4 1 1 micrometers focal lengths of 17 5 mm Instrument Function image the background stars to provide attitude determination for the spacecraft Comments Instrument Experiment Ultraviolet Visible Camera Acronym UV Vis Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function study surfaces of the moon and asteroid Geographos at five wavelengths in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum Comments Galileo Mission Type fly by Mission Duration 12 8 1990 and 12 8 1992 Launch Date 1989 Responsible Agency NASA DLR USA Germany Instrument Experiment Solid State Imaging Acronym SSI Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 0 46 degrees Instrument Function image the moon at various wavelengths Comments GRAIL Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration Launch Date 2011 Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Lunar Gravity Ranging System Acronym LGRS Observation Category lunar gravity Measurement Resolution Instrument Function measure lunar gravity Comments twin spacecraft Grail A and Grail B Hagoromo Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 03 18 1990 02 21 1990 Launch Date 1990 Responsible Agency Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science Japan Comments no scientific experiments onboard Hiten Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 01 24 1990 04 10 1993 Launch Date 1990 Responsible Agency Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science Japan Comments also call Muses A Kaguya Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 09 14 2007 current Launch Date 2007 Responsible Agency JAXA Japan Comments A K A Selene Instrument Experiment Differential VLBI Radio Source Acronym VRAD 1 2 Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Gamma ray Spectrometer Acronym GRS Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment High Definition Television Acronym HDTV Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function earth rise surface Comments Instrument Experiment Laser Altimeter Acronym LALT Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Magnetometer Acronym LM Observation Category Measurement 0 5 nT Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Radar Sounder Acronym LRS Observation Category Measurement radar depth 5 km Resolution 100 m Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Multiband Imager Acronym MI Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Okina Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function relay subsatellite to crash into farside Comments Instrument Experiment Plasma energy Angle and Composition Experiment Acronym PACE Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radio Science Acronym RS Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Relay Satellite and Main Orbiter Transponder Acronym RSAT 1 2 Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Spectral Profiler Acronym SP Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Terrain Camera Acronym TC Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Upper Atmosphere and Plasma Imager Acronym UPI Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment X ray Spectrometer Acronym XRS Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments LADEE Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration Launch Date TBD Responsible Agency Instrument Experiment Lunar Dust Experiment Acronym LDEX Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function determine the distribution and transportation of lunar dust Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Laser Com Demo Acronym LLCD Observation Category technology demo Measurement Resolution Instrument Function technology demo Comments Instrument Experiment Neutral Mass Spectrometer Acronym NMS Observation Category Measurement Resolution 150 Dalton range Instrument Function measurement of exospheric species Comments Instrument Experiment UV Spectrometer Acronym UVS Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function dust and exosphere measurements Comments LCROSS Mission Type impactor Mission Duration Launch Date TBD Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Data Handling Unit Acronym DHU Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function accommodates all sensor interfaces all digital video system functionality and all interfaces with the S S C avionics Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite Acronym LCROSS Observation Category water detection Measurement Resolution impact will be at 2 5 km sec and at an angle 75 degrees Instrument Function measure the concentration of water ice ice to dust ratio in permanently shadowed lunar regolith Comments Instrument Experiment Mid IR Camera A Acronym MIRCamA Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 10 spatial resolution 0 6 0 04 sample frequency 0 1 Hz Instrument Function obtain pre and post impact thermal images to characterize the surface material obtain thermal evolution of the plume and observe ejecta blanket and freshly exposed regolith Comments Instrument Experiment Mid IR Camera B Acronym MIRCamB Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 10 spatial resolution 0 6 0 04 sample frequency 0 1 Hz Instrument Function obtain pre and post impact thermal images to characterize the surface material obtain thermal evolution of the plume and observe ejecta blanket and freshly exposed regolith Comments Instrument Experiment NIR Camera A Acronym NIRCamA Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 6 spatial resolution 0 4 0 02 sample frequency 0 1 Hz Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment NIR Camera B Acronym NIRCamB Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 6 spatial resolution 0 4 0 02 sample frequency 0 1 Hz Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment NIR Spectrometer A Acronym NIRSpecA Observation Category Measurement NIR spectra Resolution FOV 6 sample frequency 1 Hz Instrument Function monitor spectral bands associated with water vapor ice and hydrated minerals in the near infrared spectrum from 1 35 2 25 microns Comments Instrument Experiment NIR Spectrometer B Acronym NIRSpecB Observation Category Measurement NIR spectra Resolution FOV 6 sample frequency 1 Hz Instrument Function monitor spectral bands associated with water vapor ice and hydrated minerals in the near infrared spectrum from 1 35 2 25 microns Comments Instrument Experiment Total Luminescent Photometer Acronym TLP Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 6 sample frequency 1000 Hz Instrument Function used to observe a possible impact flash Comments Instrument Experiment Visible Context Camera Acronym VisCam Observation Category Measurement visible spectra Resolution FOV 6 spatial resolution 0 2 0 01 sample frequency 0 5 Hz Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Visible Photometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Visible Spectrometer Acronym VisSpec Observation Category Measurement Resolution FOV 6 sample frequency 1 Hz Instrument Function record the sunlit plume evolution and track the evolution of OH radicals from sunlight dissociated water vapor molecules measure the OH 1 308 nm and H2O 619 nm transitions to assess water vapor production Comments LRO Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration Launch Date TBD Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Cosmic Ray Telescope for Effects of Radiation Acronym CRaTER Observation Category radiation Measurement LET spectra of galactic and solar cosmic rays particularly above 10 MeV 0 2 keV micron to 7 MeV micron Resolution Instrument Function measure lunar and deep space radiation environment Comments Instrument Experiment Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment Acronym DLRE Observation Category radiometer Measurement 30 to 400 K Resolution 5 K with a spatial resolution of 400 500 m Instrument Function map surface temperature albedo rock abundance and ice stability Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector Acronym LEND Observation Category neutron detector Measurement neutron emissions from thermal energies up to 15 MeV Resolution 10 km spatial resolution and sensitive to 1000 ppm variations in the concentration of hydrogen in the upper 1m of the regolith Instrument Function map the flux of neutrons from the lunar surface in search for water ice and provide a measure of space radiation that may affect human exploration Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter Acronym LOLA Observation Category laser system Measurement Resolution 35 m polar topography at Instrument Function determine the global topography of the lunar surface measure landing site slopes and surface roughness Comments Instrument Experiment Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera Acronym LROC Observation Category UV and visible light imaging Measurement NAC is a high res camera that is broadband with center at 550 nm and characteristic resolution of 150 nm WAC is a multispectral camera for 315 680 nm with spectral filters centered at 315 nm 360 nm 415 nm 560 nm 6000 nm 640 nm and 680 nm Resolution NAC has a spatial resolution of 50 cm pixel WAC has a spatial resolution of 100 m pixel in visible wavelengths and 400 m pixel in ultraviolet wavelengths Instrument Function wide angle images will characterize polar illumination conditions and identify potential resources narrow angle images will support landing site selection Image entire moon at 100 m resolution plus thousands of 50 cm pixel images of specific locations Comments Instrument Experiment Lyman Alpha Mapping Project Acronym LAMP Observation Category UV imaging spectrograph Measurement far ultraviolet 52 to 187 nm Resolution 3 5 nm with a characteristic spatial resolution of 260 km but down to 100 m resolution in polar regions Instrument Function map frosts and landforms in permanently shadowed regions Comments Instrument Experiment Mini RF Technology Demonstration Acronym Observation Category synthetic aperture radar X and S band radar imaging and interferometry Measurement X band 4 cm and S band 12 cm Resolution 30 dB with a spatial resolution of 75 m pixel for S band 25 dB with a spatial resolution of 7 5 m pixel in X band Instrument Function demonstrate new SAR technology and search for water ice Comments Luna 1 Mission Type fly by Mission Duration 1 2 1959 Launch Date 1959 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Scintillation Geiger Counters Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Triaxial Fluxgate Magnetometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 2 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 09 12 1959 09 12 1959 Launch Date 1959 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Triaxial Fluxgate Magnetometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 3 Mission Type fly by Mission Duration 10 4 1959 10 22 1959 Launch Date 1959 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Yenisey 2 Phototelevision System Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 4 Mission Type fly by Mission Duration 4 2 1963 4 7 1963 Launch Date 1963 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments missed Moon by 8400km Instrument Experiment Imaging System Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radiation Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 5 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 5 9 1965 Launch Date 1965 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments mission failure impacted Moon 31S 8W or possibly 8N 23W Instrument Experiment Imaging System Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radiation Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 6 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 6 8 1965 Launch Date 1965 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments mission failure missed Moon Instrument Experiment Imaging System Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radiation Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 7 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 10 4 1965 10 07 1965 Launch Date 1965 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments mission failure 9N 49W Luna 8 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 12 03 1965 12 06 1965 Launch Date 1965 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments mission failure 9 1N 63 3W Luna 9 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 1 31 1966 02 06 1966 Launch Date 1966 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Close up Lunar Surface Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radiation Detector Acronym SBM 10 Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 10 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 03 31 1966 05 30 1966 Launch Date 1966 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Charged Particle Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Gamma Ray Spectrometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Gas Discharge Counters Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Gas Discharge Detectors Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Infrared Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Micrometeoroid Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radio Science Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Triaxial Fluxgate Magnetometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment X ray Detector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 11 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 08 24 1966 10 01 1966 Launch Date 1966 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments Consider failed mission Luna 12 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 10 22 1966 01 19 1967 Launch Date 1966 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Television System Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 13 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 12 21 1966 12 30 1966 Launch Date 1966 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Close up Lunar Surface Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Dynamograph Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Mechanical Soil measuring penetrometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radiation Densitometer Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 14 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 4 7 1968 Launch Date 1968 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Luna 15 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 07 13 1969 07 21 1969 Launch Date 1969 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments Completed 86 communication sessions 52 orbits Impact 07 21 1969 Luna 16 Mission Type sample return Mission Duration 9 12 1970 9 24 1970 Launch Date 1970 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Lunar Soil Sampler Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Radiation Monitor Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Television System Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Temperature Monitor Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 17 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 11 10 1970 Launch Date 1970 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Energetic Particles MSU TASPD Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment Lunokhod 1 Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 18 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 09 07 1971 09 11 1971 Launch Date 1971 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Comments Completed 85 communications sessions 54 orbits impact 09 11 1971 3degrees 34minutes 56 degrees 30 minutes E Luna 19 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 9 28 1971 Launch Date 1971 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Energetic Particles MSU TASPD Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 20 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 02 14 1972 02 25 1972 Launch Date 1972 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Drill Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Instrument Experiment TV Imaging Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 21 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 01 08 1973 6 0 1973 Launch Date 1973 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Lunar Laser Retro Reflector Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 22 Mission Type orbiter Mission Duration 05 29 1974 11 0 1974 Launch Date 1974 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Instrument Experiment Lunar Photography Acronym Observation Category Measurement Resolution Instrument Function Comments Luna 23 Mission Type lander Mission Duration 10 28 1974 10 31 1974 Launch Date 1974 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Luna 24 Mission Type sample return Mission Duration 08 09 1976 8 22 1976 Launch Date 1976 Responsible Agency unknown USSR Lunar Orbiter 1 Mission Type orbiter impactor Mission Duration 08 10 1966 10 29 1966 Launch Date 1966 Responsible Agency NASA USA Instrument Experiment Photographic System dual lens camera a film processor and readout system Acronym Observation Category Measurement visible light Resolution a 80 mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 44 4 by 38 degrees M frames spatial resolution typically 200 to 1000 m b 610 mm focal length lens with angular coverage of 20 4 by 5 16 degrees H frames spatial resolution typically 20 to 130m Instrument Function Primary mission was to obtain high resolution photographs of proposed Apollo landing sites Comments Lunar Orbiter 2 Mission Type orbiter impactor Mission Duration 11 06 1966 10 11 1967 Launch Date

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  • Apollo 7 Mission
    of tests and systems operated as intended The mission lasted 163 orbits with the crew being the first to beam live telecasts from orbit giving millions of people their first view of space Mission Activities For nearly 11 days the Apollo 7 spacecraft was run through numerous tests and systems operated as intended and expected This mission featured a number of firsts in spaceflight it carried the first U S

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_7/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 8 Mission
    all spacecraft systems operated as intended and all primary mission objectives were successfully accomplished Crew performance was admirable throughout the mission The navigation techniques developed for translunar and lunar orbital flight proved to be more than adequate to maintain required accuracies for lunar orbit insertion and trans Earth injection Communications and tracking at lunar distances were excellent in all modes Mission Activities No formal scientific experiments were planned but recommendations

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_8/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 9 Mission
    functions including a complete rendezvous and docking profile and extravehicular crew operations All systems performed satisfactorily The mission completed 151 earth orbits and carried the largest payload ever placed in orbit Mission Activities The Apollo 9 mission was divided into six activity periods over ten days launch and ascent docking and separations maneuvers service propulsion systems burns lunar module systems checkout extravehicular activity lunar module activities completion and command service

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_9/ (2016-02-15)
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