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  • Moon Landing
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    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/documents/moonLanding/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 11 Science Experiments
    Earth by the crew or returned to Earth for laboratory analysis The Soil Mechanics Investigation studied the properties of the lunar soil The Solar Wind Composition Experiment collected samples of the solar wind for analysis on Earth Other experiments were deployed by the crew and then monitored from Earth by radio telemetry after the crew departed This group of experiments was termed the Early Apollo Scientific Experiment Package It was less extensive than the experiments performed on later missions both because of time restrictions on the EVA and because of limitations on the payload mass carried on the first landing attempt The Passive Seismic Experiment detected lunar moonquakes and provided information about the internal structure of the Moon The Laser Ranging Retroreflector measured very precisely the distance between the Earth and Moon The Lunar Dust Detector studied the effects of lunar dust on the operation of the experiment package Apollo 11 Dataset Descriptions The National Space Science Data Center NSSDC provides data and information on Apollo experiments upon request to individuals or organizations resident in the United States The same services are available to scientists outside the United States through the World Data Center A for Rockets and Satellites Normally

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_11/experiments/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 12 Science Experiments
    on Earth The crew collected pieces of the Surveyor 3 spacecraft to return for analysis on Earth Other experiments were deployed by the crew and then monitored from Earth by radio telemetry after the crew departed This group of experiments was termed the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package ALSEP Each experiment was connected by a cable to the ALSEP central station which provide radio communication to Earth and electrical power from a radioisotope thermal generator Some of these experiments continued to return data until September 1977 when the entire ALSEP network was turned off due to lack of funding for the ground support team The Passive Seismic Experiment detected lunar moonquakes and provided information about the internal structure of the Moon The Lunar Surface Magnetometer measured the strength of the Moon s magnetic field The Cold Cathode Gauge measured the abundance of gases in the lunar atmosphere The Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment studied the lunar ionosphere The Solar Wind Spectrometer measured the composition of the solar wind The Lunar Dust Detector studied the effects of lunar dust on the operation of the experiment package Apollo 12 Dataset Descriptions The National Space Science Data Center NSSDC provides data and information on

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_12/experiments/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 14 Science Experiments
    tension The Liquid Transfer Demonstration studied how different types of tank design influenced the pumping of liquids between tanks in microgravity The Light Flashes Experiment studied light flashes seen by the crew that are related to charged particles in space Apollo 14 Dataset Descriptions The National Space Science Data Center NSSDC provides data and information on Apollo experiments upon request to individuals or organizations resident in the United States The same services are available to scientists outside the United States through the World Data Center A for Rockets and Satellites Normally a charge is made for the requested data to cover the cost of reproduction and the processing of the request Catalog of Apollo Experiment Operations This Johnson Space Center site catalogs each experiment and equipment item deployed or operated on the lunar surface during the Apollo program It summarizes some of the general problems encountered with these experiments and provides guidelines for the design of future lunar surface experiments Surface Science Experiments In addition to their geologic studies the Apollo 14 crew performed several experiments on the lunar surface The results of some of these experiments were either radioed to Earth by the crew or returned to Earth for laboratory analysis The Soil Mechanics Investigation studied the properties of the lunar soil The Lunar Portable Magnetometer measured the strength of the Moon s magnetic field The Solar Wind Composition Experiment collected samples of the solar wind for analysis on Earth Other experiments were deployed by the crew and then monitored from Earth by radio telemetry after the crew departed This group of experiments was termed the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package ALSEP Each experiment was connected by a cable to the ALSEP central station which provide radio communication to Earth and electrical power from a radioisotope thermal generator Some

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_14/experiments/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 15 Science Experiments
    waves from the lunar surface The Subsatellite measured regional variations in the Moon s gravitational acceleration and magnetic field and the distribution of charged particles around the Moon Surface Science The Apollo 15 Lunar Surface Experiment Package From left to right the central station Solar Wind Spectrometer Lunar Surface Magnetometer Heat Flow Experiment and Suprathermal Ion Detector In addition to their geologic studies the Apollo 15 crew performed several experiments on the lunar surface The results of some of these experiments were either radioed to Earth by the crew or returned to Earth for laboratory analysis The Soil Mechanics Investigation studied the properties of the lunar soil The Solar Wind Composition Experiment collected samples of the solar wind for analysis on Earth Other experiments were deployed by the crew and then monitored from Earth by radio telemetry after the crew departed This group of experiments was termed the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package ALSEP Each experiment was connected by a cable to the ALSEP central station which provide radio communication to Earth and electrical power from a radioisotope thermal generator Some of these experiments continued to return data until September 1977 when the entire ALSEP network was turned off due to lack of funding for the ground support team The Passive Seismic Experiment detected lunar moonquakes and provided information about the internal structure of the Moon The Heat Flow Experiment measured the amount of heat coming out of the Moon The Lunar Surface Magnetometer measured the strength of the Moon s magnetic field The Laser Ranging Retroreflector measured very precisely the distance between the Earth and Moon The Cold Cathode Gauge measured the abundance of gases in the lunar atmosphere The Suprathermal Ion Detector Experiment studied the lunar ionosphere The Solar Wind Spectrometer measured the composition of the solar wind

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_15/experiments/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 16 Science Experiments
    magnetic field and the distribution of charged particles around the Moon Surface Science The Radioisotope Thermal Generator which provided electrical power for the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package In addition to their geologic studies the Apollo 16 crew performed several experiments on the lunar surface The results of some of these experiments were either radioed to Earth by the crew or returned to Earth for laboratory analysis The Soil Mechanics Investigation studied the properties of the lunar soil The Lunar Portable Magnetometer measured the strength of the Moon s magnetic field at different locations in the vicinity of the landing site The Solar Wind Composition Experiment collected samples of the solar wind for analysis on Earth The Far Ultraviolet Camera Spectrograph took pictures and spectra of astronomical objects in ultraviolet light The Cosmic Ray Detector measured very high energy cosmic rays from the Sun and other parts of our galaxy Other experiments were deployed by the crew and then monitored from Earth by radio telemetry after the crew departed This group of experiments was termed the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package ALSEP Each experiment was connected by a cable to the ALSEP central station which provided radio communication to Earth and electrical power from a radioisotope thermal generator Some of these experiments continued to return data until September 1977 when the entire ALSEP network was turned off due to lack of funding for the ground support team The Passive Seismic Experiment detected lunar moonquakes and provided information about the internal structure of the Moon The Active Seismic Experiment provided information about the structure of the upper 100 meters of the lunar regolith The Heat Flow Experiment attempted to measure the amount of heat coming out of the Moon The Lunar Surface Magnetometer measured the strength of the Moon s magnetic

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_16/experiments/ (2016-02-15)
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  • Apollo 17 Mission Experiments Overview
    studies the Apollo 17 crew performed several experiments intended to explore various aspects of the space environment These experiments were performed primarily during the journeys to and from the Moon The following links connect to sites at the Johnson Space Center JSC and the National Space Science Data Center NSSDC for further information about these experiments The Window Meteoroid experiment studied impacts on the windows of the Apollo 17 Command Module to obtain information about the size distribution of very small micrometeorites The Biostack Experiment studied the effects of cosmic rays on several types of biological materials including bacteria spores seeds and eggs of brine shrimp beetles and grasshoppers The Heat Flow and Convection Demonstration studied convective flow and heat transport driven by surface tension The Light Flashes Experiment studied light flashes seen by the crew that are related to charged particles in space Surface Experiments The Apollo 17 Lunar Surface Experiments Package In addition to their geologic studies the Apollo 17 crew performed several experiments on the lunar surface The results of some of these experiments were either radioed to Earth by the crew or returned to Earth for laboratory analysis The Soil Mechanics Investigation studied the properties of the lunar soil The Traverse Gravimeter Experiment measured how the Moon s gravitational acceleration varied at different locations near the landing site which helped to measure the thickness of the basalt layer in this region The Lunar Neutron Probe measured the penetration of neutrons into the lunar regolith which helped to measure the overturn rate of the regolith The Surface Electrical Properties measured the propagation of electrical waves through the lunar crust The Cosmic Ray Detector measured very high energy cosmic rays from the Sun and other parts of our galaxy Other experiments were deployed by the crew and then

    Original URL path: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_17/experiments/ (2016-02-15)
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