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  • News and Announcements - Division of Research
    Research Home News and Announcements Return to News List WSU researcher receives National Science Foundation CAREER award to develop tools to help programmers understand and manage large software systems April 1 2010 Increasing the speed and efficiency by which computer programmers manage large amounts of computer code is the goal of a Wayne State researcher and recipient of a National Science Foundation NSF Faculty Early Career Development CAREER Award The NSF CAREER Award is one of the highest honors granted by the NSF to young faculty members in the area of science and engineering and is intended to support their career development activities The 400 000 grant was awarded to Andrian Marcus Ph D associate professor of computer science in WSU s College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and resident of Troy Mich Marcus will use the award to develop tools and methodologies that could improve programmers ability to understand navigate and manage large amounts of code while performing maintenance and update tasks We want to develop techniques that will make the maintenance of many types of software systems faster less expensive and result in higher quality products Marcus said This could result in speedier improvements to many different kinds of software systems and growth for the software sector of the United States which is already a 300 million industry The tools and techniques Marcus hopes to develop are increasingly relevant to the needs of today s software systems which are larger and more complex than systems in use decades ago The software in a 2010 Lincoln Navigator has somewhere along the lines of a few million lines of code which is comparable with the amount of code that a Boeing 747 Jet has Marcus said The reason for this is that the software on cars today is handling so

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/news.php?id=4423 (2016-02-13)
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  • News and Announcements - Division of Research
    allows biodiesel producers to use cost effective raw materials in their production process The United States has roughly 176 biodiesel plants though 80 percent of them are sitting idle because of heavy losses from high raw material costs Many of the estimated 23 000 jobs in this industry remain in jeopardy if raw material costs are not resolved This is a big milestone for us said Charles Salley interim CEO of NextCAT Inc In February we received our first round of outside funding from the Michigan Pre Seed Capital Fund Now with this option agreement on the technology we can begin pilot scale testing this spring to demonstrate what our products can do for biodiesel plants that saw a very tough year in 2009 With most producers in the U S sitting idle because feedstock prices went through the roof we can enable them to use much cheaper feedstocks The NextCAT technology developed by researchers at Wayne State allows producers to use feedstocks that cost as little as 10 cents per pound Our catalysts can tolerate both high free fatty acid and water and low cost feedstocks are typified by both of these characteristics said Simon Ng Ph D chief technology officer at NextCAT interim associate dean for research in Wayne State s College of Engineering and the technology s co inventor Many producers experimented with trying to pretreat the feedstocks before they enter the stream but unless you fix the core of the problem the catalyst you have a process that is far from optimal My colleagues Dr Shuli Yan Dr Steven Salley and I worked hard to make this happen With funding from the Michigan Pre Seed Capital Fund and the option agreement for the technology in place we know this is just the beginning of a very

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/news.php?id=4424 (2016-02-13)
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  • News and Announcements - Division of Research
    pressure to do so The use of coercion to promote substance abuse treatment is controversial particularly in the case of pregnant women To date no one has analyzed the use of external pressure on pregnant women who abuse drugs or alcohol The study External Pressure Motivation and Treatment Outcomes among Pregnant Substance Using Women was recently published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence by a Wayne State University researcher in collaboration with the University of Cincinnati The study has revealed new findings among this group Among pregnant women receiving treatment for substance use those who report external pressure in the form of threat of legal action loss of child custody or loss of housing attend treatment more regularly and use drugs less often than those who do not said Steven Ondersma Ph D lead author of the study and associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral neurosciences in the School of Medicine and the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child Family Development at WSU Ondersma and his collaborators studied 200 pregnant women who were receiving substance abuse treatment They found that those who said they were formally notified that they would go to jail have a child removed from custody or would lose housing if they did not enter a drug treatment program showed a significantly higher rate of drug treatment compliance than the non coerced group All differences were not attributable to other factors such as education legal history employment motivation or the presence or absence of a substance use disorder Women reporting external pressure attended more scheduled treatment hours stayed in treatment longer and used drugs or alcohol less often than similar women who were not coerced said Ondersma While further studies are needed particularly to address complex ethical issues these results suggest external pressure to attend treatment can result

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/news.php?id=4369 (2016-02-13)
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  • News and Announcements - Division of Research
    local control and or potential cure of breast cancer it provided safe and effective breast conservation with minimal discomfort for a group of women who refused invasive surgery or had a local recurrence and needed additional management This is the first reported study of successfully freezing breast cancer without having to undergo surgery afterward to prove that it was completely treated In the 13 patient study researchers used several needle like cryoprobes that were evenly spaced and inserted through the skin to deliver extremely cold gas directly to the tumor to freeze it This technique has been used for many years by surgeons in the operating room In the last few years however the needles have become small enough to be used by interventional radiologists through a small nick in the skin without the need for an operation The ice ball that is created around the needle grows in size and destroys the frozen tumor cells Biopsies were done at the margins of the cryotherapy site immediately after the procedure Follow up inspections at those cryotherapy sites showed no cancer present No localized treatment recurrences were seen for up to five years in the study no significant complications were noted and women were pleased with the cosmetic outcomes noted Dr Littrup Major benefits of cryotherapy are its superb visualization of the ice treatment zone during the procedure its low pain profile in an outpatient setting and its excellent healing with minimal scar according to Dr Littrup Breast imaging has significantly advanced by accurate improvements in breast magnetic resonance imaging MRI allowing for excellent treatment planning of tumor size and extent within the breast as well as showing zones of destruction thoroughly covering the tumor after cryotherapy This potential treatment method holds widespread promise for the nearly 200 000 women who are diagnosed with breast cancer annually in the United States For these women as well as the thousands of men diagnosed each year breast cancer treatments can be highly effective but often require invasive treatment options such as surgery and chemotherapy Surgery offers the best chance for a cure Until long term data is available interventional treatments such as cryotherapy thermal ablation and laser therapy are reserved for women who cannot have or have refused surgery Cryotechnology promises to be more MR compatible Dr Littrup said and would also allow accurate targeting of more difficult to see breast tumors More importantly larger studies in multiple centers needs to be done following these basic cryobiology principles of sufficient lethal temperatures generated by multiple cryoprobes spaced evenly throughout a breast cancer region With recent developments of powerful new cryotechnology multiple directions for breast cryotherapy can be pursued including translating the current somewhat challenging procedure done with ultrasound and or CT guidance to a more consistent and reproducible MR guided approach said Dr Littrup The study was authored by Dr Littrup M D Monica D Agostini an undergraduate student who volunteered with the Department of Radiology at Karmanos Cancer Institute Barbara Adam cryotherapy

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/news.php?id=4350 (2016-02-13)
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  • News and Announcements - Division of Research
    goal of having one million plug in hybrid electric vehicles on the road by 2015 The objective of this program is to prepare our current and future workforce with the education and skills necessary for the advancement and maintenance of electric drive vehicles said Hilary Ratner vice president for research at Wayne State University and chair of the advisory committee It is our intent to ensure we have the most innovative curriculum that can meet the needs of the automotive industry as energy policy evolves over the next few years This is a key area of growth in the automotive area and this partnership with Macomb Community College and NextEnergy will provide the next generation of automotive workers with critical skills necessary for engineers and technicians to advance and support electric drive vehicles The program will develop and implement a comprehensive set of advanced educational programs in electric drive vehicles including a master s degree in electric drive vehicle engineering a bachelor s degree in electric transportation technology an associate degree in automotive technology and electronic engineering technology and an undergraduate concentration and graduate certificate program in electric drive vehicle engineering In addition the program will host national workshops education for the general public K 12 teachers and first responders and will create a Web site to serve as a main portal of the most comprehensive and up to date information in electric drive vehicle technology and educational programs in the nation The newly formed electric drive vehicle engineering advisory board includes Ray Boeman director Advanced Transportation Systems Program and NTRC User Facility Oakridge National Laboratory Keith Cooley CEO NextEnergy Hansen Clarke state senator D 1 Michael Fetcenko vice president Ovonic Materials Ricardo Espinosa vice president of engineering Azure Dynamics Inc Nancy Gioia vice president of global electrification Ford Motor

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/news.php?id=4346 (2016-02-13)
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  • News and Announcements - Division of Research
    Legislative Studies Quarterly The study showed the six year term limit for state representatives and eight year term limit for state senators have largely failed to fulfill promises made to Michigan citizens who voted the 1992 proposal into effect Many Michigan citizens do not realize that our term limits are among the shortest in the nation or that only 15 states have them at all Sarbaugh Thompson said These term limits were sold to Michigan voters on the notion that they would sever close ties with lobbyists and cause legislators to be more independent Sarbaugh Thompson said In reality we found them to have the opposite impact Research was conducted through four different rounds of interviews with Michigan legislators between 1998 and 2004 In addition to Dr Sarbaugh Thompson the research team included WSU political science faculty members Charles Elder Ph D John Strate Ph D Richard Elling Ph D and Lyke Thompson Ph D director of WSU s Center for Urban Studies as well as Kelly LeRoux Ph D assistant professor at the University of Kansas Based on more than 400 interviews the team assessed who or what influenced legislators policy making decisions as well as how conflicts within their committees and between party members are resolved Campaign finance reports were also reviewed to investigate whether representatives financial relationships with special interest groups had changed from before and after term limits were introduced The results of the research show that lobbyists influence over legislators was not only maintained after term limits were in effect but may have increased For instance special interests importance as a source of information and guidance on a bill about school choice increased after term limits began Lobbyists were also cited among the top three actors that determined whether a bill reached the floor of

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/news.php?id=4319 (2016-02-13)
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  • Committee - Conflict of Interest - Division of Research
    Research Home Committee Financial Conflict of Interest Committee Chairperson John J Reiners Ph D Name Department Richard Balon M D Psychiatry Philip Cunningham Ph D Office of the Vice President for Research Joan Dunbar Ph D Technology Commercialization Pamela Galloway JD General Counsel Ed Golenberg Ph D Liberal Arts Science Allen Goodman Ph D Economics Gloria Heppner Ph D Office of the Vice President for Research David Kessel Ph D

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/coi/committee.php (2016-02-13)
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  • FAQ - Conflict of Interest - Division of Research
    Index Division of Research Conflict of Interest Welcome FCOI Policy FCOI Disclosure Form Committee FAQ Term Glossary Contact Us eProtocol Research Home FAQ Frequently Asked Questions NIH New Rule http grants nih gov grants policy coi coi faqs htm 3152

    Original URL path: http://research.wayne.edu/coi/faq.php (2016-02-13)
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