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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Boating
    of an additional three persons Somersan A and R Shaver 1987 Market Study and Economic Impact Assessment for Sheboygan Harbor Marina Slips Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension The City of Sheboygan in considering the construction of a new marina needed to assess its viability This study assessed the demand and supply of marina slips in the area and estimated the economic impact of a marina in Sheboygan Using secondary data the authors concluded that boating was a growing activity and the supply of slips was inadequate Total spending with a 200 slip marina in place would amount to about 3 million with an estimated 64 jobs generated The authors warn that the costs of the marina must be carefully looked at and planned for Chesler A 1985 Trempealeau Marina Study Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension This report looked at the need for a 50 slip marina in Trempealeau and analyzed the economic base and economic impact of the proposed marina on the local area The marina would provide needed slip space in the area although marketing the facility would be necessary since there are competing facilities The report concluded that 261 180 of direct and indirect spending would be generated and 4 4 jobs could be supported Boyle K J and R C Bishop 1984 Lower Wisconsin River Recreation Economic Impacts and Scenic Values No 216 Madison WI Department of Agricultural Economics University of Wisconsin Madison This study of summer canoeists and boaters along the Lower Wisconsin River found that there are substantial economic impacts and benefits from this type of recreation Interviews were conducted of river users Through this method it was found that summer use by boaters added 860 000 per year to business activity and 439 000 to household incomes In addition the study used a contingent valuation method to estimate the value of the scenic aspects of the river The study recommended several management policies that could help to maintain the scenic beauty of the area including stricter zoning ordinances and purchases of scenic easements Drewiske D 1984 Economic Impact Potential for the Racine Harbor Development Project Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension This study analyzed the planned improvements for the Racine Harbor A demand analysis was conducted and found that the planned marina rehabilitation will begin to fill demand The marina was expected to have a positive economic impact on employment income and the public sector Total economic impact was estimated at close to 20 million The number of full time equivalent jobs was estimated to be about 400 Stynes D G Brothers and D Holecek 1983 Estimating Boater Spending Impacts On Local Economics Lansing MI Department of Park and Recreation Resources Michigan State University This technical report is an excerpt from a larger report on boater spending patterns in Michigan This report summarizes the procedures for estimating measuring direct spending by boaters at the local level The procedure used a spreadsheet program called

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Boating.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Hunting
    Land Development Research Technical Completion Report Project C 2195 IDA Moscow ID Water Resources Research Institute University of Idaho This study evaluates the economic impacts of water resources on seven major uses irrigation recreation power municipal and industrial use flood control water quality and fish and wildlife To estimate the economic impact of recreation pheasant hunting only a simple demand model was constructed based on the concept of marginal utility Three factors were considered travel distance to recreation site irrigated cropland as the sites of recreation and hunter success The model predicted a small increase in total economic impact but there were regional disparities The author pointed out the results lacked reliability due to the data used but indicated that the general approach had good value if better data were used and the analysis expanded to include other recreation activities Michalson E L 1973 Recreational and Sociological Characteristics of Hunters and an Estimate of the Demand for Hunting in the Sawtooth Area of Idaho Scenic Rivers Study Report No 7 Moscow ID Water Resources Research Institute University of Idaho This study surveyed hunters in the Sawtooth Area of Idaho A linear regression demand model was constructed based on the variables of miles traveled cost per visitor day education level annual income and number of trips made by hunters in 1971 The model was used to calculate a demand curve and then estimate willingness to pay and total net value of the hunting resource in the Sawtooth Area Other Examples United States Department of the Interior 1993 1991 National Survey of Fishing Hunting and Wildlife Associated Recreation Wisconsin U S Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Services The Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior had the U S Bureau of the Census to conduct a two

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Hunting.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Lodges and Camping
    challenges include low overall profitability investments in fixed assets risky financing and educational opportunities Gray J F Li and S Hamilton 1990 Manitowoc Two Rivers Visitor and Lodging Study Books 1 and 2 Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension Part I of this report used a sampling of lodging registration cards to come up with a visitor profile Part II focused on interviews of visitors owners and operators in this area to gain an understanding of how visitors spent their time who they are and how and where they spent money On average visitors spent 184 34 per day Boating parties spent the highest amount 1 211 54 per day while day trippers spent the least 156 24 per day Henderson K and D Bialeschki 1980 An Economic Analysis of Organized Camps In Wisconsin Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension This study conducted an analysis of the 300 organized camps in Wisconsin through a mail survey Close to a half million people stayed in camps during 1979 and contributed about 51 million to the state s economy The local impact of organized camps is estimated at 4 1 million in a county with 25

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Lodges%20and%20Camping.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Parks and Trails
    components and cluster analyses to establish regions matched by tourism structure The minimum requirements technique was then used to estimate the share of employee compensation attributable to non local demand The procedure was applied to Wisconsin counties to estimate tourism shares attributable to travelers and recreational homeowners The principal components analysis showed Wisconsin tourism is driven by variable combinations of three components urban tourism outdoor based activities and natural parks specialty tourism Minimum requirements generated county level estimates of non local demand for disaggregated tourism sensitive business sectors Schwecke T P D Sprehn S Hamilton and J Gray 1989 A Look at Visitors on Wisconsin s Elroy Sparta Bike Trail Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension The Elroy Sparta bike trail provided one of the first examples of linear recreation trail development under what is now commonly referred to under the rails to trails initiative This study presented a profile of trail users their place of origin and trip related expenditures This type of information was gathered and presented for organizations and businesses to promote the trail s use Results suggest that users spent about 1 257 000 in the area with about half of them coming from out of state The Chicago area represented the highest number of users Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources 1988 Wisconsin State Parks User Data and Economic Impacts Madison WI Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources This two page information sheet provides information of the State Park system its users a visitor profile and the economic impact of those visitor to the State s economy This study found that direct and indirect spending of day users was estimated at 32 4 million and supported about 1 250 jobs Huberty W and R Cooper 1987 Feasibility Study for a Proposed Hostel and Bicycle Museum In Elroy Wisconsin Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension This feasibility study for a proposed hostel and bicycle museum in Elroy Wisconsin used visitor profile information on the Elroy Sparta bike trail The study found that an estimated 53 600 people would use the trail in 1987 By studying costs and revenues the study found that a hostel would be feasible This study does not measure impacts directly Cooper R and D Cangelosi 1985 1983 Summer Day User Survey Madison WI Department of Natural Resources Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension The study collected information on visitors to state parks in Wisconsin to assist in future decisions about facility developments and improvements Part of the study examined the economic impact of visitors within a 25 mile radius of the sampled parks The study found the total direct spending was estimated at about 9 4 million with indirect spending amounting to an additional 30 million In addition about 1 200 jobs were supported Cooper R S Sadowsek and M Kantor 1979 Winter Recreation Visitor Study Wisconsin 1979 Madison WI Upper Great Lakes Regional Commission The study collected information on visitors to state parks in Wisconsin to

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Parks%20and%20Trails.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Recreational Housing
    tourism outdoor based activities and natural parks specialty tourism Minimum requirements generated county level estimates of non local demand for disaggregated tourism sensitive business Marcouiller D W S C Deller N R Sumathi and D Erkkila 1996 Recreational Homes and Regional Development A Case Study From the Upper Great Lakes States Madison WI University of Wisconsin Extension This study used focus group interviews mail surveys and secondary data to develop a better understanding of the implications of second homes in Wisconsin and Minnesota during late 1994 A unique aspect of this research was the combined assessment of both recreational homeowners and residents of rural communities that experience large seasonal populations of recreational homeowners Whereas primary data sources were specific to Forest County Wisconsin generalizations are made to the Lake States of Minnesota Wisconsin and Michigan The focus is on socioeconomic implications that address development strategies land use options and satisfaction performance of publicly provided goods and services Preissing J D W Marcouiller G Green S C Deller and N R Sumathi 1996 Recreational Homeowners and Regional Development A Comparison of Two Northern Wisconsin Counties Madison WI The Center for Community Economic Development University of Wisconsin Extension This was a companion report to Recreational homeowners and regional development A case study of the Upper Great Lake States Instead of comparing residents and recreational homeowners this study compared characteristics of recreational homeowners in Burnett County Wisconsin Northeastern Wisconsin with recreational homeowners in Forest County Wisconsin Northwest Wisconsin A similar mail survey was used to identify different information sources expenditure patterns and perceptions of regional development The report concluded that recreational homeowners benefit local businesses with expenditures ranging from 2 400 to 3 400 per year Because recreational homeowners make up a large percentage of the total number of housing units in rural Northern Wisconsin including such homeowners in the decision making process can be important Marcouiller D W W C Norman S C Deller N R Sumathi and D Erkkila 1995 Information and Regional Choice in Recreational Housing June 1 3 1995 St Louis Paper presented at the 1995 Mid continent Regional Science Association The leisure pursuits of individuals undergo change over time Transitions exist between broad types of leisure pursuits as change occurs in disposable household income physical capabilities lifelong outlooks family status and other variations in demographic composition The authors of this paper set out to identify evidence which indicates the existence of a transition between short term destination travel for vacations and the purchase and use of recreational housing Empirical data collected in late 1994 from a mail survey and a set of focus group interviews held in Forest County Wisconsin was analyzed using cluster analysis to define differences between groups of recreational homeowners Results show that there are three basic groups of recreational homeowners comprising those who gained information through relatives by day trips general information and by longer vacations and by friends Powers J and R Cooper 1976 Waupaca Chain o Lakes Second Home Owners Expenditures Perceptions

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Recreational%20Housing.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Sport Fishing
    D W A Anderson and W C Norman 1996 Trout Angling in Southwestern Wisconsin and Implications for Regional Development Madison WI The Center for Community Economic Development University of Wisconsin Extension This study assessed trout anglers on two Southwestern Wisconsin streams for their perceptions about current resource attributes and their resource use behavior A two stage survey effort was undertaken during the 1995 angling season including angler identification and subsequent survey In addition to perceptive and behavioral information the effort used expenditure data with an input output model constructed using MicroIMPLAN to estimate regional economic impacts The study also collected data on angler willingness to pay for non market resource attributes affected through fisheries management Results from this portion of the study were based on graphical analysis of a series of dichotomous choice contingent valuation questions Marcouiller D W W C Norman A Anderson and A Stoecker 1996 Valuing Management Attributes of a Trout Fishery Resource Differences Between Local and Non Local Anglers May 12 23 University Park Paper presented at the 6th International Symposium on Society and Natural Resources This study analyzed the perception of fishery resource attributes by anglers in Southwestern Wisconsin during the 1995 angling season Logistic regression and a dichotomous choice contingent valuation survey were used to develop non market resource valuation measures Local anglers were shown to be significantly different from non local anglers in many respects Of particular interest were differences in the economic values associated with resource attributes that are manipulated through fisheries management activities Leede Research Group 1994 Wisconsin s Great Lakes Trout and Salmon Sport Fishery The Economic Impact Short Summary Edition Manitowoc WI Leede Research Group Because the Great Lakes fishery was reported to have high contamination levels in 1989 a survey was carried out to determine the importance of sports fishing to the Wisconsin economy This report is based on a survey of groups involved in the sport of fishing This report updated the expenditure calculations to understand the changes in expenditures and their impact from the peak year of 1988 through 1993 The original study estimated that 60 of total expenditures occurred in the lakeshore counties The report showed the potential dollars that were lost due to the changes in the sport fishery Additional research will be conducted on the impact this decline had on jobs Connelly N A and T L Brown 1991 Net Economic Value of the Freshwater Recreational Fisheries of New York Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120 770 775 This paper uses the results of an extensive survey conducted in 1988 to estimate the net economic value of the state of New York s recreational fishery The net economic value estimated through willingness to pay exceeded 284 million with 69 million associated with the portion of the Great Lakes assigned to New York Over time there has been a shift in trips for warmwater species to trips for coldwater or both warm and coldwater species This is attributed to salmonid enhancement programs Some

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Sport%20Fishing.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Winter Recreation
    economic impact of snowmobiling in Michigan to regional economies and the state as a whole using the IMPLAN input output model Statewide the economic impact of snowmobilers was 48 million in direct income and 2 500 direct jobs With multiplier effects the income impact was 93 million and 3 800 jobs Approximately one third of this impact was generated by out of state snowmobilers Regionally snowmobile trip spending represents 11 of all tourism spending in the Western UP 7 in the Eastern UP 3 in the Northwest Lower Peninsula and 3 5 in the Northeast Lower Peninsula Gray J F Li and S Hamilton 1989 1988 1989 Wausau Ski Study Madison WI Recreation Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension Downhill and cross country skiers in the Wausau area were interviewed in the 1988 89 winter season to prepare a visitor profile and expenditure patterns Downhill ski parties spent on average 363 85 during their trips amounting to 5 4 million during the season Cross country ski parties spent considerably less than downhill skiers with an average of 45 87 per trip Geiger T and A Kempen 1988 Lincoln County Winter Marketing Study Madison WI University of Wisconsin Extension The purpose of this conversion study was to find out the effectiveness of advertising in the Milwaukee Journal Wisconsin Magazine A sample of people requesting the Lincoln County winter brochure were surveyed In addition to determining if people who requested the brochure visited Lincoln County the survey asked about winter activity preferences length of stay frequency and money spent on these trips and the types of media visitors used to obtain vacation information Cooper R S Sadowsek and M Kantor 1979 Winter Recreation Visitor Study Wisconsin 1979 Madison WI Upper Great Lakes Regional Commission The study collected information on visitors to state

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Winter%20Recreation.htm (2014-11-22)
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  • Applied Tourism Economic Impact Analysis - Wildlife Viewing
    income generated and jobs created Van Koningsveld R W C Norman D W Marcouiller and G Wise 1994 Eagle Watchers Along the Wisconsin River Survey Results From the Winter of 1993 1994 Madison Tourism Research and Resources Center University of Wisconsin Extension During the winter of 1993 1994 the authors conducted a visitor survey in the Prairie du Sac Sauk City area to identify marketing information and expenditure patterns concerning eagle watching Most of the parties observing eagles were from Madison and Milwaukee About 10 000 visitor parties came to the area during the eagle watching season Total expenditures by these visitors was estimated at about 600 000 Other Examples Eubanks T L J R B Ditton and J R Stoll 1998 Platte River Nature Recreation Study Austin TX Texas Web Link This study uses willingness to pay to calculate the value of bird watching only the Platte River in Nebraska A total of 1 259 surveys were collected and a random telephone check of non respondents revealed no response basis Respondents indicated a willingness to pay an additional 192 75 annually before they would have cancelled their trips to and within the Middle Platte The consumer surplus for bird watching ranged between 2 8 million and 4 4 million and the total value of wildlife watching along the Platte River ranged between 27 9 million and 57 5 million United States Department of the Interior 1993 1991 National Survey of Fishing Hunting and Wildlife Associated Recreation Wisconsin U S Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Services The Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior had the U S Bureau of the Census to conduct a two phased survey for a national count of fishermen and hunters and non consumptive users of wildlife This report represented

    Original URL path: http://urpl.wisc.edu/people/marcouiller/projects/clearinghouse/Wildlife%20Viewing.htm (2014-11-22)
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